English Renaissance

  • May 29, 1453

    Fall Of Constantinople

    Fall Of Constantinople
    Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Turks after a nearly 60 day seige. This marks the end of the Byzantine Empire and subsequently the middle ages. Scholars and philosphers that fled the city carried with them various Roman and Greek texts to Italy that would help throw the renaissance into MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE!
  • Period: May 29, 1453 to

    Era Of the Renaissance

  • Jul 17, 1453

    Fall of Gasocony

    Fall of Gasocony
    Marks the end of the Hundred Years war with decisive French victory over the English. Stability returns to north-west Europe.
  • Mar 1, 1455

    The Gutenberg Bible

    The Gutenberg Bible
    The Gutenberg Bible comes to print-it was the first major printed novel in the West. Books after this point are no longer just for the wealthy.
  • Apr 10, 1455

    War of the Roses begins

    War of the Roses begins
    A series of wars across Great Britian begin between the House of York and the house of Lancaster over the British throne.
  • Jul 19, 1460

    Lancaster Forces take London

    Lancastrain forces from the Tower of London lay siege to Yorksist held London from within the city-York forces surrender after less than two weeks.
  • Jun 17, 1462

    Vlad the Impailer's Night Attack

    Vlad the Impailer's Night Attack
    Good ole' Dracula tries to assassinate Sultan Mehmed II while he slept. by stabbing him. Enraged by this attaack the Sultan marches on the Wallachian capital only to find that Vlad had impaled 20,000 Turks outside the city as a warning.
  • Nov 1, 1478

    NOBODY EXPECTS THE SPANISH INQUISITION!

    NOBODY EXPECTS THE SPANISH INQUISITION!
    Under Isabella I of Castile Jew and Muslims flee the Iberian peninsula in droves due to the new "Convert or Die" policy the Crown of Castile and Aragón establishes.
  • Mar 26, 1484

    Praise be to William Caxton

    Praise be to William Caxton
    Caxton creates the first English printed book with his translation of the Aesop's Tales.
  • Dec 8, 1487

    End of the War of the Roses

    End of the War of the Roses
    The house of Lancaster defeats the house of York after 30 years of constant warfare and ends with the installation of the Tudor dyanasty.
  • Oct 11, 1488

    Sailing of the Cape of Good Hope

    Sailing of the Cape of Good Hope
    In late 1488 Portuguese explorers round Africa's southern caost disproving the idea that had existed since Ptolemy that the Atlantic and Indian Oceans were separate.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    The Americas are "discovered"

    The Americas are "discovered"
    Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue in 1492 to find a route to India only to find Native Americans and do all sorts of horrif things to them.
  • Apr 22, 1500

    Brazil is "discovered"

    Brazil is "discovered"
    Disovered and later colonized by Pedro Alvares of Portugual. Rule is noted to have significantly less genocide than that of the Spanish in other reagions of the Americas.
  • Sep 10, 1500

    Inca Empire at its height

    Inca Empire at its height
    Dominant power of South America reaches it's maxiumum extent.
  • Jun 11, 1509

    Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragón wed

    Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragón wed
    Rumor has it that she was shuch a bad wife her lovers created scheisms to get away from her.
  • May 8, 1512

    Sistine Chaple is completed

    Sistine Chaple is completed
    Michelangelo finishes paining the roof of the largest Christian house of worship since the Hagia Sophia nearly 1000 years before.
  • Apr 12, 1519

    Cortes lands in Mexico

    Cortes lands in Mexico
    Sent on an expedition by the Kingdom of Castille and Aragon the conquestador lands in what is now Vera Cruz.
  • Dec 20, 1522

    Last Crusader bastion falls

    Last Crusader bastion falls
    The Ottomans under Suleiman the Magnificent lay seige to and capture the Greek Island of Rhodes which was under the rule of the Knights of St. John for 300 years.
  • Aug 13, 1523

    Fall of Tenochtitlan-Spanish conquest of the Aztec people

    Fall of Tenochtitlan-Spanish conquest of the Aztec people
    Cortes' army and several hundred thousand of their Native American allies lay seige to the Aztec capital for 4 months before it's conquest and annexation by Spain.
  • Apr 7, 1526

    The New Testment is trasnlated to English

    The New Testment is trasnlated to English
    The new testament is transated into English on a massive scare by Willaim Tyndale but no good work goes unpunished as the bisophs of London attempted to have all copies burned.
  • Apr 21, 1526

    Conquest of Dehli

    The last major Indian and thus Hindu stronghold is conquered by muslim Mughal Emirate which would last until the British take over India in 1857.
  • May 6, 1527

    Sack of Rome

    Sack of Rome
    Spanish and German forces led by the Duke of Bourbon sack the city of Rome and the Papcy-marking the end of the High Renaissance.
  • Mar 24, 1529

    Henry VIII breaks away from Rome to divorce Catherine of Aragon

    Henry VIII breaks away from Rome to divorce Catherine of Aragon
    The second most famous monarch of the Tudor dynasty breaks away from the Roman Catholic church to divorce his wife Catherine Aragon.
  • Jan 25, 1533

    Henry VIII weds Anne Boleyn

    Henry VIII weds Anne Boleyn
    Anne becomes Henry's second wife the first since he split away from Rome. Despite resistance from the Papacy the English government declares her Queen Consort.
  • Dec 9, 1533

    The Inca Empire is extingushed

    The Inca Empire is extingushed
    Nobody expects a Spanish inquisition!Yep, Spain's actions completely wipe out yet another Native civilization but this time with 100% more sneak attack.
  • Feb 27, 1534

    Church of England is established

    Church of England is established
    The new church, refromed under Prodtestantism becomes amoung the first nations in Europe since the Great Scheism between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches to split away from Rome.
  • Jul 30, 1536

    Henry VIII weds Jane Seymour

    Henry VIII weds Jane Seymour
    Henry weds his 3rd wife 11 DAYS after sentencing his sed wife Anne Boleyn to death on fabricated claims.
  • Jan 6, 1540

    Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves

    Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves
    4th time's the charm right?
  • Jul 9, 1540

    Thomas Cromwell is executed

    Thomas Cromwell is executed
    Cromwell is executed by order of Henry VIII under the accusation of high treason. He then marries his widow, Catherine Howard-all this 2 weeks after divorcing Anne of Cleves.
  • Jun 18, 1541

    Henry VIII becomes king of Ireland

    And so begins the half millenia long enslavement and attempted extermnations of the Irish people.
  • Feb 13, 1542

    Henry VIII senteces Catherine Howard to death

    Henry VIII senteces Catherine Howard to death
    Accusing his 5th wife of adultry the Quuen reigned little more than a year.
  • Jul 12, 1543

    Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr

    Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr
    His 6th and final wife at the same time parliment passes the Third Sucession Act allowing Henry's dawghters Mary and Elizabeth claim to the throne.
  • Jan 16, 1547

    Russia forms

    Russia forms
    Ivan IV becomes the first Tsar of Russia, replacing the 264 year old Grand Duchy of Moskva.
  • Jan 28, 1547

    Edward VI becomes king of England

    Edward VI becomes king of England
    The sickly only son of Henry VIII takes the throne afer his crazy dad dies.
  • Sep 10, 1547

    The English conquer Edinburgh

    The English conquer Edinburgh
    After the battle of Pinkie Cleugh English forces march into the Scottish capital driving many of the clans into the highlands.
  • Jun 9, 1549

    Book of Common Prayer is introduced

    Book of Common Prayer is introduced
    For the first time the common English people have a prayer book that they can read.
  • Dec 8, 1552

    Edmund Spencer is born

    Edmund Spencer is born
    Say hello to Queen Elizabeth's biggest fanboy!
  • Jan 4, 1553

    "Bloody" Mary I begins her reign as Queen of England

    After the death of her half brother and abdication of Lady Jane Grey Mary I assumes the English throne rverting the Protestant reformation.
  • Dec 31, 1553

    Virgil's Aeneid is translated

    The first work from the classical period is translated and printed in London sometime in 1553 under the name The xiii Bukes of Eneados of the famose Poete Virgill.
  • Jan 4, 1554

    Princess Elizabeth is imrpisoned in the Tower of London

    Princess Elizabeth is imrpisoned in the Tower of London
    You may think your family is horrible but at least they don't lock you away in a terrible tower of torture.
  • Jan 15, 1559

    Elizabeth I become Queen of England

    Elizabeth I become Queen of England
    After the death of the murderous Bloody Mary Elizabeth Tudor takes the throne and goes to become one of the most renowned monarchs in European history.
  • Dec 31, 1561

    Publication of Beware the Cat

    While not an epic read William Baldwin's Beware the Cat (published anonymously in London sometime during 1561) is the first example of extended fiction to be written in English. No known copies from the peroid have survived but it has been pieced together and war abriged in 2010 as Tales of Lovecraftian Cats.
  • Jan 18, 1562

    First performace of Gorboduc

    First performace of Gorboduc
    The first performace of Thomas Norton's and Thomas Sackville's play was quite a milestone-it was performed before Queen Elizabeth, it was the first known English tragety and the first English play to employ the blan verse.
  • Oct 31, 1562

    England kickstarts the transatlantic slave trade

    Under the merchant John Hawkins countless African tribesmen, women and children are purchased from Sierra Lerone to work in Hispanola.
  • Apr 26, 1564

    Shakespear is baptized

    Shakespear is baptized
    The man of means. The legend is born.
  • Nov 4, 1569

    Rising of the North

    Several northern Earls rise in rebellion against the Crown and attempt to place Mary, Queen of Scots on the English throne but are quickly defeated by Elizabethan forces.
  • Oct 7, 1571

    Battle of Lepanto

    Battle of Lepanto
    European Holy League of Cathlic maritime states defeat the Ottoman navy stopping their advance into Europe.
  • Jun 17, 1579

    Sir Francis Drake lands in California

    Sir Francis Drake lands in California
    During his circumnavigation of the globe Drake lands in California and with the English claim in Newfoundland and now California creates the basis for colonial charters.
  • Shakespeare weds Anne Hathaway

  • Queen Elizabeth establishes a protectorate over the Netherlands

  • Marry, Queen of Scots is executed

    Marry, Queen of Scots is executed
    Beheaded by order of Queen Elizabeth I, she was accused of conspiring to murder Elizabeth.
  • English defeat of the Spanish armada

    English defeat of the Spanish armada
    A failed attempt by the Cathlic forces of Castile, Portugual and Naples to kill Queen Elizabeth
  • The Roanoke Colony is found to have vanished

  • The Faerie Queene is published

    The Faerie Queene is published
    Written by Spencer is an epic poem supposedly dedicated to Queen Elizabeth I.
  • Shakespeare's Richard II is perfromed for the first time

    Shakespeare's Richard II is perfromed for the first time
  • Romeo and Juleit and a Midnight Summer's Dream are performed

    Romeo and Juleit and a Midnight Summer's Dream are performed
    Sometime during 1595 two of Shakespeare's most critically aclaimed plays are performed for the first time.
  • First performace of Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor

    First performace of Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor
  • Shakespeare's Julius Caeser is performed for the first time.

    Shakespeare's Julius Caeser is performed for the first time.
  • Merchant of Venice is published

    Merchant of Venice is published
    Sometime during 1600 Shakespeare;s play Merchant of Venice is published.
  • Queen Elizabeth dies

    Queen Elizabeth dies
    Queen Elizabeth dies and is succeeded by her cousin, King James VI of Scotland uniting the crown of the two nations.
  • Shakespeare's Hamlet is published

    Shakespeare's Hamlet is published
    One Shakepeare's most critically acclaimed plays comes to light.
  • The Gunpowder plot

    The Gunpowder plot
    An attempt by Guy Fawks to plow up the English Parliment is foiled by an anonymous tip.