• Period: Jan 1, 1485 to

    TUDORS RULE

    The century of Tudor rule (1485-1603) is often thought of as a most glorious period in English history.
  • 1486

    Henry VII married Elizabeth of York

    Henry VII married Elizabeth of York
    When Henry married her, the two houses were united which gave an end to the Wars of Roses.
  • Jan 1, 1509

    1509 Henry VII died

    1509 Henry VII died
    He was important in establishing the new monarchy. He had the same ideas as the growing classes of merchants and gentleman.He has basesd royal power an good business sense.
  • 1509

    Henry VIII became the King of England.

    Henry VIII became the King of England.
    He was quite unlikel, his father. He was cruel, wasteful with money, and interested in pleasing himself.
  • 1510

    Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon

    Henry VIII married Catherine of Aragon
    She was the widow of his elder brother Arthur.But she couldn`t hav a son, so Henry tried to persuade the pope to allow him to divorce her.
  • 1513

    Scotland and England.

    Henry VIII wanted Scotland to accept his authority. Althought James IV married Henry`s daughter Margaret.
    In 1513 his army destriyed the Scottish army at Flodden. It was the worst defeat the Scots ever experienced. James himself was killed, and with him over 20 Scottish nobles.
  • 1520

    Renaissance

    England felt the effects of Reinassance later than much of Europe because it was an island. Reinassance influenced religion, encouraging the Protestant Reformation. In music England enjoyed its most fruitful period ever. Literature was England's greatest art form
  • 1531

    Henry VIII persuaded the bishops to make him head of the Church

    Henry VIII persuaded the bishops to make him head of the Church
    This became law after Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy. it was a popular decision.
  • 1533

    Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn

    Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn
    When Henry could divorce from Catherine of Aragon, he married Anne Boleyn who gave birth to Elizabeth.
  • 1534

    Act OF Supremacy

    Act OF Supremacy
    Henry was made the head of the Church
  • 1536

    England became Protestant

    Through several Acts of Parliament between 1532 and 1536 Engaland became politically a Protestant country, even though the popular religion was still Catholic.
  • 1536

    Problems

    In 1536 large numbers of people form the north marched to London to show their anger at the dissolution of the monasteries. Their reason were only partly religious. This 'Pilgrimage of Grace' was cruelly put downs and its leaders excecuted.
  • Period: 1536 to 1543

    Wales and England

    Between 1536 and 1543 Wales became joined to England under one administration. English law was now the only law for Wales.
  • 1539

    Henry VIII and Cromwell closed a lot of monasteries

    Henry VIII and Cromwell closed a lot of monasteries
    He was his assistant. Together, made a careful survey of Church property. Between 1536 and 1539 they closed 560 monasteries and other religious houses. He did this in order to get money, but he also wanted to be popular with the rising classes.
  • 1547

    Henry VIII died

    Henry VIII died
    He left behind his sixth wife , Catherine Parr and his three chidren. Mary, the eldest, was the daughter of Catherine og Aragon; Elizabeth was the daugther of Anne Boleyn; and Edward was the son of Jane Seymour, the only wife whow Henry really loved.
  • 1547

    Efforts to keep order of the unemployment

    Parliament gave magistrates the power to take any person who was without work and give him for two years to any local farmer who wanted to use him.
  • 1552

    A New book

    Most English people still believed in the Old Catholic Religion. Less than half the English were Protestant by belief, but these people were allowed to take a lead in religious matters. In 1552 a new book was introduced to make sure that all Churches followed the New Protestan Religion.
  • 1558

    Mary

    Mary
    Mary, The Catholic daugther of Catherine of Aragon became Queen when Edward Died in 1553
  • 1558

    Elizabeth Reign

    Elizabeth Reign
    Elizabeth became Queen when Mary died, she was an obvious leader for Protestant revolt.
  • 1558

    Most English people believed that to be a Catholic was to be an enemy of England.

    This hatred of everything Catholic became an important political force
  • 1560

    Coal

    Coal
    London used 33.000 tons of coal from Newcastle , but by 1600 it used five times as much, and the smoke darkened the sky over London
  • 1562

    First West African slaves

    First West African slaves
    John Hawkins who was a sailor encouraged to continue the atack and destroy Spanish ships, carried his first slave cargo.
  • 1579

    Eastland company to trade with Scandinavia and The Baltic

  • 1580

    Irish rebellion

    IN 1580 during Elizabeth's reign , many Irish rebelled, encouraged by the arrival of a few Spanish and French soldiers.
  • 1581

    Levant Company to trade with the Ottoman Empire

  • Elizabeth declared the war against Spain.

    Elizabeth declared the war against Spain.
    She helped the Dutch rebels with money and soldiers.
  • Elizabeth agreed To Mary of Scott`s excecution.

    Elizabeth agreed To Mary of Scott`s excecution.
    It waspartly beacuse Mary named Philip as her heir to the throne of England.
  • Philip decide to conquer England

    beacuse he believed this had to be done before he would be able to defeat the Dutch rebels in Netherlands. He built a great fleet of ships, but Francis Drake attacked and destroyed part of this fleet in Cadiz harbour.
  • 'Armada', Philip`s fleet of ships, reached England.

    'Armada', Philip`s fleet of ships, reached England.
    Elizabeth called her soldiers together. She won their hearts with well-chosen words.
  • Period: to

    BAD HARVESTS

    It made the problem of the poor worse again.
  • The poor moved to town

    During the period of bad harvest, peasants in Oxfordshire rioted against the enclosures of common land. Aprenticesin London rioted against the city authorities.
  • Peasants in Oxfordshire

    Peasants in Oxfordshire
    During the period of bad harvests, peasant in Oxfordshire rioted against the enclosures of common land. Apprentices in London rioted against the city authorities.
  • The East India Company to trade with India

  • Elizabeth and the monopolies

    She had found ways to raise money that were extremely unwise. She sold monopolies which gave a particular person or company a total control over a trade.
  • Poor Law

    The parliament passed the first Poor Law. This made local people responsible for the poor in their own area. It gave power to JP to raise money in the parish to provide food.
  • Population: four million.

  • Slavery: an important trade