History of Animation Timeline (1800s to Present)

  • The Kaleidoscope

    The Kaleidoscope
    Invented by Sir David Brewster, was a tube using two mirrors that reflect multiple images of colored pieces of glass.
  • Persistence of Vision with Regard to Moving Objects

    Persistence of Vision with Regard to Moving Objects
    Peter Mark Roget published "Persistence of Vision with Regard to Moving Objects that presented the idea that a succession of still images could create the appearance of motion (not an exact date).
  • Thaumotrope

    The thaumotrope was invented. It was a disk with two sides to it, so when it flipped it seemed as though the one animation was something else (not an exact date).
  • Creation of the Phenakitstoscope

    Creation of the Phenakitstoscope
    This machine, created by Joseph Plateau, produced an illusion of movement by allowing the person looking at it to gaze at a rotating disk containing small windows; however, behind the windows was another disk containing a sequence of images. When the disks were rotated at the correct speed, the synchronization of the windows with the images created an animated effect (not an exact date).
  • FlipBook Animation Introduced

    FlipBook Animation Introduced
    The first flipbook animation appeared in September 1868. It was patented by James Barnes Linnett.
  • Animal Animations

    Animal Animations
    Eadweard Muybridge began to gather photos of animals putting them in motion to animate them (not an exact date).
  • Creation of the Praxinoscope

    Creation of the Praxinoscope
    The praxinoscope, invented in 1877 by Charles-Émile Reynaud, was made by using strips of picture around the inside of a circle, and a set of mirrors on another circle inside the original. When the wheel turned, it seemes as though the images would move (not an exact date).
  • Motion Pictures

    Motion Pictures
    Thomas Edison began his research on motion pictures (not an exact date).
  • First Hand-held Box Camera

    First Hand-held Box Camera
    Gearge East invented the first hand-held box camera (not an exact date).
  • Movie Camera and Projector

    Movie Camera and Projector
    The age of the movie camera and projector begins (not an exact date).
  • Fantasmagorie

    The first film depicting white figures on a black background was produced by France Emile Cohl (not an exact date).
  • Little Red Riding Hood

    Little Red Riding Hood
    Walt Disney creates his first animated short called 'Little Red Riding Hood' (not an exact date).
  • Gertie the Dinosaur

    Gertie the Dinosaur
    Gertie the Dinosaur was produced by Windsor McCay (not an exact date).
  • Rotoscoping

    John Bray patents rotoscoping which was developed by Max Fleischer (not an exact date).
  • "Felix the Cat"

    "Felix the Cat"
    Pat Sullivan created an American cartoon called "Felix the Cat" (not an exact date).
  • First Color Cartoon

    First Color Cartoon
    The first colored cartoon, John Randolph Bray's The Debut of Thomas Cat, was released (not an exact date).
  • Oswald the Lucky Rabbit

    Oswald the Lucky Rabbit
    Walt Disney created Oswald shortly before coming up with Mickey and Minnie Mouse (not an exact date).
  • Mickey Mouse Introduction

    Mickey Mouse Introduction
    The character Mickey Mouse was introduced and voiced by Walt Disney in 1928. He first debuted in 'Plane Crazy'. The first Micky Mouse cartoon with sound was 'Steamboat Willie'.
  • "Steam Boat Willy"

    "Steam Boat Willy"
    Walt Disney created the first cartoon with synchronized sound.
  • Betty Boop Introduction

    Betty Boop Introduction
    Betty Boop's first appearance was in 1930 when she was in a cartoon called 'Dizzy Dishes'. Created by Max Fleischer and various animators, the film series was produced by Fleischer Studios and then was released by Paramount Pictures (actual date unknown).
  • King Kong

    King Kong
    This animation features several stop-motion animated characters (not an exact date).
  • Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

    Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
    In 1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs became the first full-length animated movie. It was also the first produced in full colour and the first to be produced by Walt Disney. The release of Snow White was at a cost of $1.5 million.
  • Mr. Bug Goes to Town

    Mr. Bug Goes to Town
    This was the first full-length animated musical (not an exact date).
  • Bambi

    Walt Disney's creation of Bambi was released (not an exact date).
  • Morphing

    Willow uses morphing in live action film (not an exact date).
  • Beauty and the Beast

    Beauty and the Beast
    Beauty and the Beast becomes the first fully animated film to recieve an Oscar nomination for Best Picture (not an exact date).
  • Jurassic Park

    Jurassic Park
    Realistic living creatures.
  • Toy Story Creation

    Toy Story Creation
    The first full-length Toy Story movie.
  • Shrek

    The Oscars created a category entitiled "Best Animated Film", with Shrek the first movie to win this award (not an exact date).
  • The Polar Express

    The Polar Express
    The Polar Express becomes the first fully-animated film to use motion capture technology to render all of its characters (not an exact date).
  • 'Wallis and Gromit'

    'Wallis and Gromit'
    Created by Aardman animations, these characters were brought alive by Nick Park using modelling clay and wire and then animated using stop motion animation (not an exact date).