Georgia History Timeline 2

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo Culture

    The Paleo Cuture existed 12,000 years ago. These ancient peole lived with and hunted large animals such as the mammoth, biso, the ground sloth, and the saber toothed tiger.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Archaic Culture

    Archaic Culture
    The Archaic Culture existed in 8,000 BC - 1,000 BC.They depended on fish and gathering nuts and berries. Hunters carved thinner, more pointed spear heads to kill smaller animals such as white deer or rabbits.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Woodland Culture

    Woodland Culture
    The Woodland Culture existed in 1,000 BC - 1,000 AD. Woldland people advanced their weaponery with bows and arrows. They hunted white deer. They also grew their own food.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    Mississippian Culture

    The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that was made in what is now the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from 800 to 1500 CE, varying. The Mississippian way of life began to develop in the Mississippi River Valley (for which it is named). They constructed large, truncated earthwork pyramid mounds, or platform mounds.
  • Mar 5, 1540

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Hernando came to Georgia in search of gold. He also explored Geargia and other southeast areas. Hernando was sick so he could not find gold. He killed many natives during his route in the southeast.
  • Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe

    Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe
    Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe and the English for three important reasons. The first reason for colonization was for defense against the French and the Spanish. The next resaon for colonization was to encourage economic growth by producing and selling goods, and trading with the Indians. The final reason for the colonization of Georgia is charity through religious freedom, a place for the poor, and to keep debtors out of prison.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    The Charter banned catholics, blacks, liquor dealers, and lawyers. A charter is a legal document that grants special rights or privilages. The Georgia charter granted an area of "all those lands, countries, and territories" between the Savannah and the Altamaha river. In the charter, trustees could not own land, hold political office, or be paid for their work.
  • Salzburgers arrive in Georgia

    Salzburgers arrive in Georgia
    The Salzburgers came from Salzburg. They did not have very good farmland. The town that they settled in was burned down. The first church was built in the town. Eboneser was one of many who built the church.
  • Highland Scots arrie in Georgia

    Highland Scots arrie in Georgia
    James Ogelethorpe recruited the Scots to settle near the Altamaha river. The people were recruited because of their millitant or defense purposes only. The Scots were intended to be a barrier against the Spanish and the French. They were well-known to fight and defend.
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    John Reynolds

    John Reynolds was the first royal governor in Gerogia. he as a terrible governor. The only god thing he did was organize courts, council, and a command council house. People hated him because he was bossy and had a huge ego.
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    Henry Ellis

    henry Ellis was the second royal governor in Georgia. He was known as the second founder of Georgia. Ellis was responsible for self-government.
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    James Wright

    Wright was the 3rd and last governor of georgia. he served from 1760-1782. he was a popular and able administrator of the town. He played a key role in retarding the flame of the revoulution in GA long after it had flared massively in every other colony.
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    American revolution

    There were four reasons for the American Revolution. The French and Indian war was a 9 year war between the French and the British. The Proclamation of 1763 forbids colonists from settling west of the proclamation line. Intolerable acts were the four laws enacted by British to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. The Declaration of Independence was a document that stated the reasons the colonists were upset with the English.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    He was a freeborn Mulatto. Mulatto; a person of mixed parantage. He was the first non-white to fight in the Revolutuion from Georgia. He was injured in battle. He received land in Madison county for his service in the Georgia militia.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek
    Elijah Clarke led the troops at Kettle Creek. They defeated a group of 800 British soldiers. In result: patriots took needed weapons and horses and raised the spirits of the Georgia militia. Clarke county was named in honor of Elijah.
  • Articles of Confederation ratified by all 13 states

    Articles of Confederation ratified by all 13 states
    The Articles of confederation was an agreement among the 13 states that made up the USA. On March 4, 1789 the Articles were replaced with the US constitution. The new Constituion provided for a much stronger national government with a chief (president), courts, and taxing powers.
  • University of Georgia was established

    University of Georgia was established
    UGA was the first state-supported public university in the US. It brought wealth to the area of Athens, GA. This college was founded in 1785 as the United States's first state-chartered university,
  • Constitutional Convention of 1787

    Constitutional Convention of 1787
    The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was a meeting of all the states in Philedelphia to dicscuss changes that needd tp be made to the Articles of Confederation. Representatives from each state were there and took part in writing the Constitution. Abraham Bladwin and William Few were the representatives from Georgia.
  • Georgia Radifies the US Cnstitution

    Georgia Radifies the US Cnstitution
    Abraham Baldwin and William Few were Georgia's representatives of the Constitutional Convention of 1787. Georgia radifid the new Constitution for selfish reasons. They wanted federal government to have the power to unite the country. They neded the federal government to help fight the Native Americans so that they would move west.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in April, 1793. The Cottoon Gin was a machine that sperated the cottong seed from the fibers. Before the invention, hundreds of hours of separating cotton was done with only small gains. After the invention, people could produce 50lbs of clean cotton, daily. Cotton then became profitable and the south became dependent on slave labor.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    georgia extended west to the Mississippi River and the Yazoo River. The governor of Georgia and the legislature was bribed by private land companies. As estimated, 35-50 million acres of land was sold for 1 cent an acre. Georgia citizens were upset and they voted the Governor and Legislature out of office. The law repealled. Those who purchased land sued Georgia. The Federal Government paid for all the claims. Georgia was forced to give up land: Mississippi and Alabama,
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    Capital moved from Augusta to Louisville

    Louisville was the capital from 1796 to 1807. Although the capital was active in 1796, in May 1795, Louisville was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France. It moved the capital to a more central location, geographically, and population.
  • Misouri Compromise

    Misouri Compromise
    The compromise keptth ebalance of slave states and freed states. (11 free = 11 slaved) The 36'30' longitudinal line was the border. Two states entered; Maine and Misouri.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    When gold was found in georgia, people from all around came to mine gold. People from all states made it to georgia within a few days.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    This allowed Andrew Jackson to negotiate with the Indian tribes that were located in the southern states for their removal of federal territory, They were relocated west of the Mississippi River,
  • Worcester vs Georgia

    Worcester vs Georgia
    This case was comcluded that the statement "non-natives could not go on native american lands without a license from the state." was unconstitutional. John Marshall argued with the state about how United States inherited their rights.
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    Roosevelt's New Deal

    This program was in responce to the Great Depression. Roosevelt, during his first term, came up with the "3 R's". Relief, Recovery, and Reform. Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    This was the relocation of the Indians after the Indian Removal Act. There was an estimated amount of 2500-6000 people that died during the long journey.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    California wanted to be a state. This upset the balance.
    South got: Utah and New Mexico; decided on their own.
    North got: California as a free state; slavery ended in D.C.
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    This was one of the most argueable elements of the 1850 compromise. It required that all escaped slaves were, upon capture, to be returned to their masters and that officials and citizens of free states had to cooperate in this law. "Bloodhound Law" were dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Stephen Douglas proposed the formation of Kansas and Nebraska. The two states were to decide on their own to be freed or slaved. The northerners flooded the south with violence, which is the reason behind "Bleeding Kansas"
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    The case was turned against Dred Scott. The Federal Government claimed that slaves were not considered citizens, but property. Supreme court ruled against Dred Scott.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    Due to the questionable slave rights, the democratic parties were broken into northern and southern portions. With the north being more dominant, Abraham Lincolon was then announced President.
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    This was a naval strategy by the Northern government to prevent the Confederacy from trading.This took over 3,500 miles of to where the Confederacy could not trade.
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia Secedes
    This increased the intensity of sectional conflict over the status of slavery in western territories and over the future of slavery in the United States. The secession of southern states hurried the outbreak of the Civil War.
  • Antietam

    This was the first major battle in the Civil War. It was the bloodiest one-day war in American history. The number of wounded, dead, and missing was 22,717.
  • Gettysburg

    This battle was held in Pensylvania between the Union and the Confederate armys. This battle is often reffered to as the war's turning point.
  • Chickamauga

    The battle was the greatest Union defeat in the West of the American Civil War and was the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the first major battle of the war that was actually fought in Georgia. Union and Confederate forces fought for control of Chattanooga, known as the "Gateway to the Deep South." The Confederates were victorious at nearby Chickamauga, but the renewed fighting granted the Union troops victory and control over the city.
  • Andersonville

    During the Civil War, the Confederate army created Andersonville to house incoming Union prisoners of war. The people who stayed in these camps, were practically starved. They were to make-do with whatever shelter they could find/build; even if it consisted of a hole in the ground with a shirt over the top over it for shade.
  • March to the Sea

    March to the Sea
    This march was led by William Sherman. His forces destroyed military targets as well as industry, civilian property, and its transportation networks, which effected its economy.
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    Jim Crow Laws

    This was the racial segregation between whites and blacks. This created segregation in all public facilities in Southern states. Most facilities were not at all equal to each other. So the "Seperate but equal" status for African Americans.
  • International Cotton Expo.

    International Cotton Expo.
    This was a world-wide fair held in Atlanta, GA. It showed off Georgia's reconstruction and the new developments of cotton. Aq uarter of a million people attended, allowing the hosts to recieve between $220,000 and $250,000 worth of gate fees, and receipts.
  • FDR Elected

    FDR Elected
    FDR was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States. He was elected four times and served from March 1933 to his death in April 1945.
  • Leo Frank Case

    Leo Frank Case
    Leo Frank was a factory manager accused of the murder of a young girl; Mary Phagen. The girl was found in the basement of the factory with a very detailed note, which described who the killer was, and how she was killed. Leo was sent to prison before the courts final decision. A lynch mob came and kidnapped him from the prison, and hanged him.
  • Plessy vs Furgesson

    Plessy vs Furgesson
    This was the constitutionality concerning state laws of "seperate but equal" in public facilities. The decision was handed down by a vote of 7-1; majority rule. "Separate but equal" remained standard in US law until its rejection in the 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education.
  • 1906 Atlanta Riot

    1906 Atlanta Riot
    This was a mass civil disturbance in Atlanta, Georgia. An estimated 25 to 40 African-Americans were killed along with 2 confirmed European Americans. The races held tension with one another because of the competition; for jobs, civil rights, reconstruction, and elections.
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    World War I

    It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, more than 9 million combatants were killed. Thw WW was started because of all of the countries economic great powers. Allied powers were the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and the Russian Empire. Central powers were Germany and Austria-Hungary.
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    Made to allow the votes by county in party primary elections to be used in democratic primaries for state-wide elections.
  • Rebecca L. Felton

    Rebecca L. Felton
    Sge became the first woman to serve in the United States Senate. Though she only served for a day, she was sworn in as a US senator.
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    Great Depression

    This was a world-wide economic depression. It was the longest, deepest, most wide spread depression in the 20th century. The cause of the depression was the sudden collapse of the US stock market, known as Black Tuesday. Some see the collapsed market as a dsymptom, rather than a cause.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    Also known as the "Wall Street Crash" or "Stock Market Crash", this was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the united states. The crash signalled the depression of all western industrialized countries. A mini crash occurred after investors started to sell stocks at a rapid pace, this was held responsible for the market's shaky fooundation. They found the growth rate to be decreasing from 20% to 8%.
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    Was the mass murder of approximately six million Jews during World War II. Murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party throughout the German Reich and German-occupied territories.The Jews who died were not casualties of the fighting that ravaged Europe during World War II. Rather, they were the victims of Germany's deliberate and systematic attempt to annihilate the entire Jewish population of Europe, a plan Hitler called the “Final Solution”.
  • Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson
    He was an American politician, a member of the Democratic Party, and the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, serving three terms. (1974–82, 1990–94). Jackson himself graduated from Morehouse College in 1956 when he was only eighteen years old. fter attending the Boston University Law School for a short time, he held several jobs, including selling encyclopedias, before he decided to attend the North Carolina Central University Law School, from which he graduated in 1964.
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    World War II

    This was the most widespread war in history, and involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust, the 3 Alls Policy, the bombing of enemy industrial and population centers, and the first use of nuclear weapons in combat, it ended with an estimated 50-85 million fatalities. This made WWII the deadliest conflict in human History.
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    This attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the US Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan.The base was attacked by 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers.
  • FDR Dies in Warm Springs

    FDR Dies in Warm Springs
    It was about 1 p.m. that the president suddenly complained of a terrific pain in the back of my head and collapsed unconcious. A doctor who was summoned, immediately recognized the symptoms of a massive cerebral hemorrhage and gave the president a shot of adrenaline into the heart in a vain attempt to revive him. By 3:30 p.m., doctors in Warm Springs had pronounced the president dead.
  • Brown vs Board of Edu.

    Brown vs Board of Edu.
    The Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, allowed state-sponsored segregation, was overturned. The Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • 1956 State Flag

    1956 State Flag
    The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America. The 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and became the first states in the Union. Nicknames for the flag include the "Stars and Stripes", "Old Glory", and "The Star-Spangled Banner".
  • Sibley Committee/Commission

    Sibley Committee/Commission
    Ernest Vandiver was pressured to decide to either close public schools or desegregate them. Court judge Frank Hooper ruled that it was unconstitutional to Atlanta's segregated school systems and ordered it integrated.
  • First African American Students at UGA

    First African American Students at UGA
    Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter were the first two african americans to register for UGA. Holmes and Hunter had both attended all-black Turner High School in Atlanta where Holmes has been valedictorian, senior class president, and co-captain of the football team. Hunter had finished third in her graduating class, had edited the school paper, and had been crowned Miss Turner. As they arrived, they met a crowd chanting " 2, 4, 6, 8, we dont want to integrate!"
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, by local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Martin Luther King, Jr and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) became involved in assisting the Albany Movement with protests against racial-segregation.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech in which he called for an end to racism.The march was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations, under the theme "jobs, and freedom". An estimated number of participants varied from 200,000 to 300,000.
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    1996 Summer Games

    This was a major sport event. This event took pplace in Atlanta. All current member nations took part in the games. This event had 10,318 athletes.
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    Jimmy Carter President

    He served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981 and was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office.