Georgia History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Paleo Culture existed 12,000 years ago.They hunted for their food.They eat sabertooth tigers.Also they eat moose,elk,wild horses,mammoth,and sloths.These are a lot of what they ate.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Archaic Culture existed from 8000 BC to 1000 BC.They hunt with spears.They eat nuts, and berries.They also eat fish,deer,oysters,and shellfish.They also use pottery.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Woodland Culture existed from 1000BC to 1000 AD.They hunt for deer.They also eat squash which they grow.Also they eat gourd,beans,and maize.They also plant some of their food.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    Mississippian Culture

    Mississippian Culture existed from 1000 to 1600.They eat beans.They eat corn,and squash also.They grow their on crops.These are a few things that they eat.
  • Mar 5, 1540

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Hernando de Soto came to Georgia in search of gold.He failed because he died and never found gold.The effects were he killed thousands of indians.He brung diseases with him that killed lots of indians.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    King George the second granted a charter to Oglethorpes group as trustees.These people are banned from coming to Georgia catholics,blacks,liqour,dealers,and lawyers. Inthe charter the king said trustees could not own land,hold politicaloffice,or be given money for their work.Acharter is a legal document it grants priveledges,and rights. Trustees are people who hold responsibility on others.
  • Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe

    Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe
    James Oglrthorpe wanted to to take the poor to the new world.Oglethorpewas an English man that was wealthy and well educated.He wanted to help the poor but there were more people than there were jobs.Many of the citzens well known could not pay their debt either.Laws for debtors were harsh and strict.If you could not pay you went to jail.Oglethorpe had laws passed and had thousands of prisoners let go free problem was there were no jobs when they got out.
  • Salzburgers arrive in Georgia

    Salzburgers arrive in Georgia
    The Salzburgers were from Austria.They didnt like the catholic religion and so they protested.They were invited to Georgia by James Oglethorpe.They didnt want to be catholic therefore they protested about the religion.
  • Highland scots arrive in Georgia

    Highland scots arrive in Georgia
    They were from Georgia in Darien.They were recrutited for just in case the Spanish and the French attacked.They were recrutited because they are big,strong,deep voices,and loved to fight.They were chosen to fight because they were big.
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    John Reynolds

    John Reynolds was the first royal governor appointed by the king. People disliked him because he was very bossy.He lost money for georgia and gave Georgia a negative look.Reynolds was a weak governor and valued his athourity.
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    Henry Ellis

    Henry Ellis was the second royal governor appointed by the king.Henry Ellis was responsible for self-government.He was saw to be the best governor to come through.Ellis had made a relationship with the Creek indians which was good.
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    James Wright

    James Wright was the third royal governor appointed by the king.He was governor during the Revoulution.James Wright encouraged settlement in the frontier.He was arrested by the patriots onceand took to London.He came back to Savannah when the British captured the cityin 1779 and left for good in 1782.
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    American Rvolution

    There were four reasons for the American Revolution. The French and Indian war was a nine year long war. The Proclmation of 1763. The Intolerable Acts was enacted by the British. Declearation of Independence that stated 27 reason of why the colonist were upset.
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Was a mixed man black and white.He was the first black to fight in the American Revoulution.Recieved land in Madison county for his service in the Georgia Militia.He was also a freeborn Mulatto.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek
    He led the troops into Kettle creek.Defeated a group of 800 British troops.The end result of it was that patriots took needed weapons,horses,and raised spirits of the Georgia Militia.Happened all on the date Febuary 14,1779.
  • Capital Moved from Agusta to Louisville

    Capital Moved from Agusta to Louisville
    Louisville was the capital from 1796-1807 "May 1782".It was named after king Louis of france .They moved to keep the capital in a centeral location.The capital had moved from Agusta to Louisville.
  • UGA Founded

    UGA Founded
    The univeristy was founded January 27,1785.It is ranked 20th overall public universities.It has 18 schools and colleges.The general assembly helped create this univerity.
  • University of Georgia Established

    University of Georgia Established
    Was established in 1785.First state supported public university in the United states.Brought economy and wealth tothe area.Athens Ga the center of intellectual learning in Georgia.
  • Constitutional Convention of 1787

    Constitutional Convention of 1787
    `The Constitutional Convention of 1787 was a meeting of all the States in Philadelphia to discuss changes that need to be made to the Articles of Confederatio.Representatives from each State were there and took part in writing the U.S. Constitution.Abraham Baldwin and William Few were Georgias representatives.
  • Georgia Ratifies U.S Constitution

    Georgia Ratifies U.S Constitution
    Abraham Baldwin and William Few were the two Georgia reps. to sign the Constitution. Gerogia ratified the new constitution for selfish reasons. Wanted federal government to have power to unite the country.Needed federal government to help fight natives to move them west.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney.It was a machine that seperated the cotton seed from the fiber.This is what made slavery so needed.After the invention it could produce up to fifthty ounds of clean cotton daily.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    The Yazoo land Fraud was when governors were bribed into selling government land.Settlers were upset because lots of the land sold belonged to the people. People sued Georgia and the federal government.They had to pay everyone who sued them.This was a problem because now Georgia has to pay back the federal government.
  • Missourri Compromise

    Missourri Compromise
    They wanted to keep the balance equal between slave states and free states.There was eleven free states and eleven slave states.Maine and Missourri were in the border.Maine was a free state and Missourri was a slave state.This all lasted thirty years.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    Gold was found in North Georgia the summer of 1829.Benjamin Parks was said to have found it while deer hunting near Dahlonega.Over 10,000 miners flocked Georgia.Single event that sped up the removal act of the Cherokee indians.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The act removed indians from U.S lands.Moved them from the land west of the Mississippian river.This was forved not voluntary.Resulted in the trail of tears.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Missionaries could only live in Cherokee territory if they signed them allegience to the governor.Sam Worcester and ten others refused to sign.All eleven missionaries were sentenced to jail and four years of hard labor.Filed a suit with the Supreme Court.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    This was the forced removal of the Cherokee from Georgia.Many of the Cherokee died from diseases, and exposure to the cold.General Scott used federal troops seven thousand to roun up more than one thousand six hundred cherokee indians.The term 'Trail of Tears' means the trail where they cried.
  • Dred Scott

    Dred Scott
    In 1834 Dred Scott and his owner left their slave state and went to a free state.Then from that free state to another.Scott and his owner arrived back home and Dred Scott got a whit person to file the case for him.Scott claimed he was free because he left and went to a free state.The Supreme court said he was not free because he was property.So they dropped the case and Dred Scott stayed a slave.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    The reason for all of this is because California wanted to be a state.Which upset the balance.The South got Utah and New Mexico and they decided on their own.They had a fugitive slave law.The north got California as a free state and slavery ends in D.C.
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    This act was passed by the U.S congress.It was to help provide for the return of slaves.This law allowed for people to catch runaway slaves in the territory of the U.S.More than 10,000 were captured.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    This election happened on Tuesday November 6, 1860.This election was a very big election of 1860.This election was the outbreak of the civil war.The U.S had been divided because of slavery.
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    This was a tactic by the northern government.It was to prevent the confederacy from trading.The blockade was proclaimed by Abraham Lincoln.Lots of their attempts were successful.
  • Georgia Seceeds from the Union

    Georgia Seceeds from the Union
    This began after president Lincols election.They believed the Republican party was anti-slavery.This even was almost equally divided.This started a war.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    In 1854,Stephan Douglas brought about a passage of the Kansas Nebraska act.It created their territories.It brought a popular sovereighty it means that when a territory asked for statehood it means they can vote on if they wnt to be a free or slave state.After congres passes this act bloody fights started to break out.
  • Antietam

    Antietam was one of the bloodiest battles.During the battle 23,000 soldiers were killed,wounded,or missing after twelve hours of savage combat.It was near the town of Sharpsburg,Maryland.It all happened on the day of September 17,1862
  • Gettysburg

    The battle was in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.This battel was the turning point of the civil war.The battle was fought July 3,1863.It resulted in a union victory that ended General Robert E. Lees secong invasion of the North.
  • Chickamauga

    In late 1863,union forces moved against the major railroad center in Chattanooga Tennessee.On September 19-20, 1863 union Genral Willian Roscians led his troops against confederate General Braxton Bragg.Braggs army defeayed the union forces.
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    Shermans March to the Sea

    After leaving Atlanta Shermans army quickly moved to Savannah.While headed to Savannah Sherman destroyed all military targets and civilian economis system.The damage costed him as high as 100 million dollars.
  • 13th Ammendment

    13th Ammendment
    It continued the work of the emmancipation proclomation.The ammendment was passed January 1865.It was submitted to the state for ratification.It was ratified in December 1865.
  • 14th ammendment

    14th ammendment
    It granted citizenship to the freedman.It forbade any state from denying anyone the equal protection of the law.Congress passed the ammendment in June 1866.Also ratified in July 1868.
  • 15th ammendment

    15th ammendment
    The 15th ammendment granted all male citizens to vote regardless the race.Or the previous condition.The ammendment was submitted to the states Febuary 1869.Also it was ratified in Febuary 1870.
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    Jim Crow Laws

    These laws were about segregation.They wanted public schools,bathrooms,transportation,and public places to be segregated.Even the U.S. military was segrergated.These laws were overruled.
  • Mayor Hartsfield

    Mayor Hartsfield
    He served as the mayor of Atlanta for 6 terms.He was widely acknowledged for his leadership.Hartsfield also helped lead the city in the area of the civil rights.In 1948 Mayor Hartsfield hired 8 African American police officers for restricted duties.
  • Plessy V. Ferguson

    Plessy V. Ferguson
    On June 7,1892 Homer Plessy went to jail for sittin in the white only train car.After Louisianna passed the seperate car acta black civil right group took it to court.When Homer Plessy sat in the white only train car he identified himself as black and went to jail but took the case all the way to the Supreme Court.
  • International Cotton Expo

    International Cotton Expo
    This was held in Piedmont park in Atlanta.This nearly had over 800,000 visitors.This event was to show products,technolody etc.Cotton was fetured by several states.
  • 1906 Atlanta Riot

    1906 Atlanta Riot
    During this mobs of whites killed dozens of blacks.This was mainly all about segregation.Whites wounded, scared, and damaged property of blacks.This was a horrible few days.
  • Leo Frank Case

    Leo Frank Case
    Leo Frank was accused of murdering Mary Phagan.He and some other men were tried for her murder.They found Leo Frank guilty for her murder.In the middle of the night men came and took Leo Frank from the jail and hung him outside of Mary Phagans house.
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    World War One

    This was a very bloody war.It had a huge lose of lives.Most of the soldiers fought from the trenches.There was about 10 million deaths and 20 million wounded.
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    This was a system for voting,Its used by the U.S. to see who the statewide winner of the election is.Its where a county has a certain aamount of unit votes and the person with the most votes wins.This unit system was established in 1917.
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    Great Depression

    The first reason for the Great Depression was the U.S had borrowed to much money.It hurt the people and the banks that loaned the money out. The businesses were waiting for their money. This hurt lots of workers and businesses because they had to let go of the workers.Some had to many products and the demand for the goods were going down.They built more
  • Rebecca L. Felton

    Rebecca L. Felton
    She was a politician.She did things that had to do with womens rights.Rebecca was the first woman to serve in the U.S. senate.She only served for one day in 1922.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    This all happened after the stock market crashed.This was part of the great depression.This mainly happened because americans used money they didnt even have.Americans used a lot of money that they couldnt pay back.
  • FDR Elected

    FDR Elected
    He was elected president in November the year 1932.He was elected four terms.FDR was the 37th president.He was trying to get the economy back up and running when the depression happened.
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    Roosevelts New Deal

    These were domestic programs to help the U.S.These Programs were to help the U.S. get through the Great Depression.He wanted to help the unemployed,economy,andthe financial system.The largest programs still exist.
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    In 1945allied troops pushed into Poland, Austria, and Germany,. They took all the Jews and sent them to concentration camps.People who were alive were emaciated skeletonsfrom all the years of starvation, disease,cruel treatment, and forced labor. About 5-6 million undesireables were killed by the Nazis before
  • Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson
    Jackson was a politician.He was apart of the democratic party.He was the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Ga.He served three terms.
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    The United States and its allies are fighting in Europe, the pacific, and North Africa.A lot young menn joined the war.Also women joined the effort.Their were organizations like the WAC , and the Red Cross.Lots of people were helping during this time they gave scrap metal drives.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The americans and Japanese relations got worse.To stop protests of the Japanese the U.S stopped sending airplanes, and other supplies.After Japan invaded the French Roosevelt seized all Japanese propertyy in the U.S .It was a quiet Sunday morning when Japanese airplanes began bombing at 8:00 am. The air was filled with gunfire. After that day on December 8 congress declared war on Japan.
  • FDR dies Warm Springs

    FDR dies Warm Springs
    He suffered a stoke and died.People say this was a big turning point for the U.S.He served for 4 years.The U.S was having problems with the soviet union when he died.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    It was a supreme court case.Supreme court declared a law that of seperating whites and blacks unconstitutional.They didnt like the idea of black and whites segregated at public schools.
  • 1956 State Flag

    In 1956 Georgias state flag was changed.The flag has long been a subject of controversey and division with state.Blacks were offended by the references to the slavery in the states past.
  • Mayor Allen

    Mayor Allen
    He served as mayor of Atlanta from 1962-1970.He continued Hartsfields approach to peacful integration.On the first day he took office he ordered immediate removal of the colored and white signs.Allen also saw over construction of a number of facilities.
  • Sibly Commission

    Sibly Commission
    This was about closing public schools or afederal order to desegregate them.The reports issued by the commission laid for the end of massive resistance to desegregation.This all lead up to Brown vs. Board of Education.
  • First Afican American Students of UGA

    First Afican American Students of UGA
    The first blacks of UGA are hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter.When they first applied they were rejected because of limited space,.Holmes attended Morehouse college on a full scholaarship.Holmes and Hunter filed a civil suit against UGA.
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    The Albany movement was a desegregation in Albany.The Albany movement mobilized thousands of people it had nationwide attention.The movement failed to accomplish its goals.It was credited as a key lesson in strategy and tactics for national civil rights movement.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On this day over 200,000 americans gathered in Washington D.C. for a political rally.This rally was called the March on Washington.It was for jobs,and freedom.It was put together by civil rights and religious groups. It was to help african americans with political and social challenges.It bacame a key movement in the growing struggle for civil rights.
  • Andersonville

    Andersonville had a prisoner of war camp.The conditions were harsh.There was diseases that killed lots of people. MAny died of disease,dirty water,and no food.Andersonville prison was a terrible place to be.
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    Jimmy Carter

    Jimmy Carter was an american politician. He was a member of the democratic party.He served as the 39th president.He served from 1977-1981. Carter was awarded the nobel peace priza.
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    1996 Summer Games

    This was a major sport event.This event took place in Atlanta, Georgia.All current member nations took part in the games there was about 197 nations.This had like 10,318 atheletes.The 1996 Summer games were the firsta year to be seperated in a different year than the winter games.