Georgia History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000


    the archaic used people used smaller spere heads. They lived in caves,pithouses,roomd, and underground. They ate berries,fish,deer,turkey, and bear.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    They used there tools to hunt animals. They lived in areas in long periods of time. They ate sunflowers,squash,gourds,beans, and maize.
  • Jan 1, 1000


    the woodland period existed from 1000ad to 1600as. The first tree civilation. Evidance of a type of government
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The Paleo Culture existed 12,000 year ago. They hunted their food. Then ate whatever they kille or hunted.
  • Mar 5, 1540

    hernando de soto

    hernando de soto
    hernando de solo was looking for gold.He was the first european to find the mississippi river.He did not find the gold. He died of a fever on may 21,1542 in present day liguana.
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    james wright

    he was the third royal governor in georgia. wright was born in london england, on may 8, 1716 to isabella and robert wright. he became attorney governor of south carolina in 1747. he held that position until 1757 when he became colonial agent for south carolina in london
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    Henry Ellis

    Henry Ellis, the second royal governor of Georgia, has been called "Georgia's second founder." Georgia had no self-government under the Trustees and the first royal governor, John Reynolds, failed as an administrator. Under the leadership of Ellis Georgians learned how to govern themselves, and they have been doing so ever since.
  • Georgia Founded by Oglethorpe

    Georgia Founded by Oglethorpe
    In 1728, three years before conceiving the Georgia colony, Oglethorpe chaired a Parliamentary committee on prison reform. The committee documented horrendous abuses in three debtors’ prisons. As a result of the committee’s actions, many debtors were released from prison with no means of support. Oglethorpe viewed this as part of the larger problem of urbanization, which was depleting the countryside of productively employed people and depositing them in cities, particularly London,
  • charter of 1732

    charter of 1732
    a charter is a legal document that grants special rights. issued by king georg, the charter established georgia between the savanna and alabama river.the charter excluded catholics,blacks lawyer and outlawed liqour. according to the charter trustes could not pass laws without the kings permission.
  • salzburger arive in georgia

    salzburger arive in georgia
    the salzburger arrived from austria for religious reasons. they were being persecuted by the catholics in europe james oglethorpe provided them with land and they named it ebenezer. they moved because the land was not good and named it the new ebenezer.
  • highland scouts arrive in georgia

    highland scouts arrive in georgia
    the highland scouts were recruited by james oglethorpe to help protect the new colony from the spanish. thye were from scoutland and were considered to be great warriors the scout were big and strong and were not afraid of anything
  • Eli Whitney Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Cotton Gin
    was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States. Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin
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    american revolution

    The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free of the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America.
  • battle of kettle creek

    battle of kettle creek
    The Battle of Kettle Creek (February 14, 1779) was a major encounter in the back country of Georgia during the American Revolutionary War. It was fought in Wilkes County about eight miles (13 km) from present-day Washington, Georgia. A militia force of Patriot decisively defeated and scattered a Loyalist militia force that was on its way to British-controlled Augusta.
  • university of GA established

    university of GA established
    the first public state supported university in the united states, established Jan 27,1785 by the general assembly, brought economic development and more people to the area. the city of athens formed after the university was established and named after athens, greece for being the educational center of georgia
  • Capital moved to Louisville

    Capital moved to Louisville
    georgia was the first capitol it was centrally located because the population shifted in more detail i mean that the capitols changed to match up with populatin distribution the capitol is where the majority was
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Austin Dabney was a slave who became a private in the Georgia militia and fought against the British during the Revolutionary War (1775-83). He was the only African American to be granted land by the state of Georgia in recognition of his bravery and service during the Revolution and one of the few to receive a federal military pension
  • University of Georgia Founded

    University of Georgia Founded
    Founded in 1785 as the United States's first state-chartered university, it is the oldest and largest of Georgia's institutions of higher learning and along with the College of William and Mary and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill claims the title of the oldest public university in the United States.
  • constitutional convention

    constitutional convention
    By 1786, Americans recognized that the Articles of Confederation, the foundation document for the new United States adopted in 1777, had to be substantially modified. The Articles gave Congress virtually no power to regulate domestic affairs--no power to tax, no power to regulate commerce. Without coercive power, Congress had to depend on financial contributions from the states,
  • Georgia Ratified Constitution

    Georgia Ratified Constitution
    The U.S. Constitution has always been contentious. Our sacred charter was born in controversy and remains so to this day. Georgia elected six delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787. Only four went. And only two—Abraham Baldwin and William Few—signed the final document.
  • Fugitive Slave Law

    Fugitive Slave Law
    The Fugitive Slave Law or Fugitive Slave Act was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers.
  • Yazoo Land Fraud

    Yazoo Land Fraud
    was a massive fraud perpetrated from in the mid-1790s by several Georgia governors and the state legislature. They sold large tracts of land in the Yazoo lands, what is now portions of Alabama and Mississippi, to political insiders at very low prices in 1794.
  • capital moves from agusta to louisville

    capital moves from agusta to louisville
    the capital moved to stay in the center of the population of georgia citizens were moving west and law makers wanted the captial in the center of populatin
  • 1906 Atlanta Riot

    1906 Atlanta Riot
    The Atlanta Race Riot of 1906 was a mass civil disturbance in Atlanta, Georgia, USA which began the evening of September 22 and lasted until September 24, 1906. An estimated 25 to 40 African-Americans were killed along with 2 confirmed European Americans. The main cause was the rising tension between whites and blacks as a result of competition for jobs, black desire for civil rights, Reconstruction, and the gubernatorial election of 1906.
  • Missouri Comp.

    Missouri Comp.
    The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress, involving primarily the regulation of slavery in the western territories
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    The Georgia Gold Rush was the second significant gold rush in the United States, and overshadowed the previous one in North Carolina. It started in 1828 in present-day Lumpkin County near the county seat, Dahlonega, and soon spread through the North Georgia mountains, following the Georgia Gold Belt. By the early 1840s, gold became harder to find. When gold was discovered in California in 1848 to start the California Gold Rush, many Georgia miners moved west.
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    John Reynolds

    Reynolds was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, one of nine surviving children of John Reynolds and Lydia Moore Reynolds. Two of his brothers were James LeFevre Reynolds, Quartermaster General of Pennsylvania, and Rear Admiral Will Reynolds. Prior to his military training, Reynolds studied in nearby Lititz, about 6 miles (9.7 km) from his home in Lancaster.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears is a name given to the ethnic cleansing and forced relocation of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included many members of the Cherokee, Muscogee , Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others in the United States
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was a law passed by Congress on May 28, 1830, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. It authorized the president to negotiate with Indian tribes in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    was a case in which the United States Supreme Court vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester and held that the Georgia criminal statute that prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American lands without a license from the state was unconstitutional.
  • comp. of 1850

    comp. of 1850
    by late 1849 the populatin of california was over 100,000 enough to ask for statehood. in 1850 there was fifteen slaves states and fifteen free states. californias constitution did not allow slavery. if california became a state the balance in the senate betwwen slave states and free states would change for eight months, what was later called the great debate raged as congress tried to agree on what to do about california
  • kansas-neb.act

    the slavery issue would not die, as many people moved into the grassy plains west of missouri and lowa, there was a need for a territorial goverment. in 1854, stephen douglas of illinois brought about passage of the Kansas-nebraska act, which created the territories of kansas and nebraska and which containted a clause on popular sovereighty. popular sovereighty meant that when a terriotry asked for statehood, the people of that territory could vote on whether they wanted to be a free or slave.
  • dred scott case

    dred scott case
    scott was a slave in missouri but his owner moved to minesota. his owner took hid case to the supreme court, he lost. slaves were not cons idered 'citizens' but property. victory for the slave states
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War. The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party
  • Georgia Secedes

    Georgia Secedes
    The Georgia Secession Convention of 1861 represents the pinnacle of the state's political sovereignty. With periodic interruptions, the convention met in Milledgeville from January 16 to March 23, 1861, and not only voted to secede the state from the Union but also created Georgia's first new constitution since 1798. Politically the convention was a watershed event that hastened the Civil War (1861-65) and dramatically changed the course of Georgia history.
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    The blockade was proclaimed by President Abraham Lincoln in April 1861, and required the closure of 3,500 miles (5,600 km) of Atlantic and Gulf coastline, including 12 major ports, notably New Orleans and Mobile, Alabama. Many attempts to run the blockade were successful, but those ships fast enough to evade the U.S. Navy could only carry a small fraction of the supplies needed. These blockade runners were operated largely by the British, making use of neutral ports such as Havana, Cuba.
  • antietam

    near the town of sharpsburge, maryland, is a stream called antietam creek. the northan and southeran armies collid here on sptember 17,1862 in what was the bloodiest one-day battle of the civil war. that day 23,000 soldiers were killed wounded or missing after tweleve hours of savage combat
  • Gettysburg

    was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania between Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Maj. Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's attempt to invade the North.
  • Chickamauga

    marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia called the Chickamauga Campaign. The battle was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the first major battle of the war that was fought in Georgia.
  • Andersonville

    From February 1864 until the end of the American Civil War (1861-65) in April 1865, Andersonville, Georgia, served as the site of a notorious Confederate military prison. The prison at Andersonville, officially called Camp Sumter, was the South’s largest prison for captured Union soldiers and known for its unhealthy conditions and high death rate.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed its adoption. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War. The amendment was bitterly contested, particularly by Southern states, which were forced to ratify it in order for them to regain representation in the Congress.
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    March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the military Savannah Campaign in the American Civil War, conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864 by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. His forces destroyed military targets as well as industry, infrastructure,
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The Fifteenth amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude". It was ratified on February 3, 1870, as the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments.
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    Jim Crow Laws

    The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation laws enacted between 1876 and 1965 in the United States at the state and local level. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans. The separation in practice led to conditions for African Americans that tended to be inferior to those provided for white Americans, systematizing a number of economic.
  • FDR Elected

    FDR Elected
    was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States. A Democrat, he was elected four times and served from March 1933 to his death in April 1945. He was a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics after 1932, as his New Deal domestic polic
  • Intern. Cotton Expo

    Intern. Cotton Expo
    The 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition was held at the current Piedmont Park in Atlanta, Georgia. Nearly 800,000 visitors attended the event. The exposition was designed to promote the region to the world and showcase products and new technologies as well as to encourage trade with Latin America
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    is a landmark United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".[1] The decision was handed down by a vote of 7 to 1 with the majority opinion written by Justice Henry Billings Brown and the dissent written by Justice John Marshall Harlan. "Separate but equal" remained standard doctrine in U.S.
  • Leo Frank Case

    Leo Frank Case
    Leo Max Frank (April 17, 1884 – August 17, 1915) was a Jewish-American factory superintendent whose murder conviction and extrajudicial hanging in 1915 by a lynch mob planned and led by prominent citizens in Marietta, Georgia, drew attention to questions of antisemitism in the United States. He was posthumously pardoned in 1986 which the Georgia State Board of Pardons and Paroles stated was "in an effort to heal old wounds," without addressing the question of guilt or innocence
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    world war 1

    as the First World War, was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. From the time of its occurrence until the approach of World War II, it was called simply the World War or the Great War, and thereafter the First World War or World War I. In America, it was initially called the European War. More than 9 million combatants were killed; a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication,
  • Rebecca L. Felton

    Rebecca L. Felton
    Rebecca Ann Latimer Felton (June 10, 1835 – January 24, 1930) was an American white supremacist, lynching advocate, writer, lecturer, reformer, and politician who became the first woman to serve in the United States Senate. She was the most prominent woman in Georgia in the Progressive Era, and was honored by appointment to the Senate.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    The most catastrophic stock market crash in the history of the United States, Black Tuesday took place on October 29, 1929 and was when the price of stocks completely collapsed. It was because of this day that the Roaring Twenties came to a stumbling halt and, in its place, was the Great Depression. It all started a half a week earlier on Black Thursday or, due to Europe’s time difference, Black Friday
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    Great Depression

    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries it started in 1930 and lasted until the late 1930s or middle 1940s.It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century
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    Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds were killed. Over one million Jewish children were killed in the Holocaust, as were approximately two million Jewish women and three million Jewish men. A network of over 40,000 facilities in Germany and German-occupied territory were used to concentrate, hold, and kill Jews and other victims.[
  • Roosevelt’s New Deal

    Roosevelt’s New Deal
    The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The programs were in response to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels
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    World War II

    also known as the Second World War, was a global war. It lasted from 1939 to 1945, though some related conflicts in Asia began before 1939. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries
  • First African American Students at UGA

    First African American Students at UGA
    Hamilton Holmes is best known for desegregating Georgia's universities. One of the first two African American students admitted to the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens in 1961, Holmes was also the first black student admitted to the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta two years later.
  • Pearl Harbor Attacked

    Pearl Harbor Attacked
    The attack was intended as a preventive action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. There were simultaneous Japanese attacks on the U.S.-held Philippines and on the British Empire in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong.
  • FDR dies Warm Springs

    FDR dies Warm Springs
    commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States. A Democrat, he was elected four times and served from March 1933 to his death in April 1945. He was a central figure in world events during the mid-20th century, leading the United States during a time of worldwide economic depression and total war. A dominant leader of the Democratic Party, he built a New Deal Coalition that realigned American politics
  • Mayor Ivan Allen

    Mayor Ivan Allen
    was an American businessman who served two terms as the 52nd Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, during the turbulent civil rights era of the 1960s. Allen provided pivotal leadership for transforming the segregated and economically stagnant Old South into the progressive New South.
  • Brown v. Brd. Of Ed.

    Brown v. Brd. Of Ed.
    was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education
  • state flag

    state flag
    on may 3,2003 governor sonny perdue signed legislation creating a new state flag for georgia. the new banner became effective immediately giving georgia its third state flag in only 27 months, a national record on the eve of the civil war georgia did not have an official state flag
  • Sibley Commission

    Sibley Commission
    1960 Governor Ernest Vandiver Jr., forced to decide between closing public schools or complying with a federal order to desegregate them, tapped state representative George Busbee to introduce legislation creating the General Assembly Committee on Schools. Commonly known as the Sibley Commission, the committee was charged with gathering state residents' sentiments regarding desegregation and reporting back to the governor. The report issued by the Sibley Commission laid the foundation
  • Albany Movement

    Albany Movement
    The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, on November 17, 1961 by local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The organization was led by William G. Anderson, a local black Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. In December 1961, Martin Luther King, Jr and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) became involved in assisting the Albany Movement
  • County Unit System

    County Unit System
    The County Unit System was a voting system used by the U.S. state of Georgia to determine a victor in statewide primary elections from 1917 until 1962
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country
  • Mayor Hartsfield

    Mayor Hartsfield
    William Berry Hartsfield, Sr. (March 1, 1890 – February 22, 1971), was an American politician who served as the 49th and 51st Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia. His tenure extended from 1937 to 1941 and again from 1942 to 1962, making him the longest-serving mayor of his native Atlanta, Georgia.
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    Jimmy Carter, President

    is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981 and was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office. Before he became President, Carter served as a U.S. Naval officer, was a peanut farmer, served two terms as a Georgia State Senator and one as the Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975
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    1996 Summer Games

    The 1996 Summer Olympics, known officially as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and unofficially as the Centennial Olympics, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Atlanta, Georgia, United States, from July 19 to August 4, 1996. A record 197 nations, all current IOC member nations, took part in the Games, comprising 10,318 athletes. The International Olympic Committee voted in 1986 to separate the Summer and Winter Games, which had been held in the same year since 1924
  • Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Jackson
    Maynard Holbrook Jackson, Jr. (March 23, 1938 – June 23, 2003), was an American politician, a member of the Democratic Party, and the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, serving three terms