Georgia History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo Culture

    Paleo Culture
    The Paleo Culture existed 12,000 years ago.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Archaic Culture

    Archaic Culture
    The Archaic Culture existed from 8000 BC - 1000 BC.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Woodland Culture

    Woodland Culture
    The Woodland Culture existed from 1000 BC - 1000 AD.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to

    Missippian Culture

    The Missippian Culture started in Jan. 1, 1000 and ended in Jan. 1, 1600.
  • Mar 5, 1540

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Hernando de Soto went on an expedition to look for gold. He went on a very long adventure. On his expidition he captures and kills many natives making them resentful of future explorers and more. After that very long expidition he eventually died
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    King George 2nd granted a charter to Oglethorpes group as trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia and for managing it for 21 years. A charter is a legal document that grants special rights and privledges.The four groups of people banned from coming to georgia is catholics, blacks, liquor dealers, and lawyers. The colony belonged to the down so the trustees were to get instuctions from King George 2nd.
  • Georgia Founded By James Oglethorpe

    Georgia Founded By James Oglethorpe
    James Oglethorpe was well educated and a wealthy man. During that time there were more people than jobs. Many citizens some well-known ones could not pay their debts. If people couldnt pay their debts, they went to prison
  • Salzburgers Arrive in Georgia

    Salzburgers Arrive in Georgia
    The Salzburgers were from Salzburg. They moved so they could have freedom. they moved to New Ebunesier because there was bad farm land, diseases, etc. They built the town but it was eventually destroyed in a war.
  • Highland Scotts Arrive in Georgia

    Highland Scotts Arrive in Georgia
    The Highland Scotts settled in Darrien. They were recruited because they had certain traits. They were intended to be a barrier for Georgia so the Spanish wouldnt get to them
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    John Reynolds

    John Reynolds was the first royal governor. He established a structure for the governor; not a good governor , members were disatisfied with Reynolds.
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    Henry ellis

    Ellis was second royal governor also known as second founder of Georgia. he was ausually greeted with enthusiasm. he also maade a friendly relationship with the Creek Indians. Poor health forced him out the office.
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    James Wright

    Wright was the third royal governor. He was arrested in 1776 by patriots and returned to Loundon. He soon came back to Savannah when the British captured the city in 1779. James left for goodin 1782.
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    American Revolution

    There were four reasons for the American revolution. The French and Indian was was a 9 year war between the french and british. The proclomation of 1763 was issued by King George III for bidding colonists to settle west of the proclomation line. Intolerable Acts was 4 laws enacted by britain to punish the colonists for the boston tea party. The Decleration of independence was a document studying the reasons that the colonists were upset with the english.
  • Elijah Clarke and the Battle of Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke led the troops at Kettle Creek. They defeated a group of 800 soldiers. The end result was that patriots took needed weapons and horse, raised spirits of the Georgia Militia. He got a county named after him. (Clarke County)
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney was a freeborn mulatto, which ment he had one english parent and an african parent. He was the first non-white to fightin the revolution from Georgia, also recieved land in Madison County for his service in the GA Militia.
  • Articles of Confederation ratified by all 13 states

    Federalism power was divided between central national gov't and individual state gov't. The congress could declare war, sign treaties, deliver mail, and create money. Uni-cameral legislature congress was a weakness! Had no executive branch president or national court system was also weakness.
  • University as Georgia is established

    University as Georgia is established
    University of georgia established jan 27, 1785. it was the first state supported (public) university in the U.S. It drought economy and wealth to the erea. it is located in Athens Georgia- centerof intellectual learning in ga
  • Constiitutional convention of 1787

    The constitutional convention of 1787 was a meeting of all the states in philidelphia to discuss changes that needed to be made to the articles of confederation representitives from each state were there and writing the VS constitution. Abraham Baldwin and William Few were Georgias representitives.
  • Georgia Ratifys VS constitution

    Abraham Baldwin and William Few were georgias rep. and they both signed the new constitution at the consttutional convention of 1788. Georgia ratified the new constitution for selfish reasons. It wanted fed gov;t to have the power to unite the country. also needed the federal gov't to help fight the natives to move west.
  • Invention of the Cotton Gin

    Invention of the Cotton Gin
    the cotton gin was invented by Eli whitney in april 1793. it helped seperate the cotton seed from the fiber. before it took hundreds of hours seperating cotton with small games. after the cotton gin itcould produce about 50 pounds daily of clean cotton.
  • yazoo land fraud

    yazoo land fraud
    gov of Ga and legislatives were bribed by private land companies to sell gov't land. Estimated 35-50 million acres were sold for 1 cent per acre. Ga citizens were upset and voted them out of office. those that purchased land sued georgia and federal gov't paid for all the claims
  • Capital moved from augusta to louisville

    Capital moved from augusta to louisville
    Lousville was thecapital from 1796-1807. It was moved from augusta to keep thecapital at a central location, geography, and population. lousville was named in the honor of king lous xul of france.
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    Mayor Allen

    Henry Allen came to Gloucester from Stroud with the late Alderman Joseph Reynolds in 1860, to begin operating the City Flour Mills. The Gloucester City Flour Mills had been operated by Joseph and Jonah Hadley since 1850. Henry Allen represented the West Ward on the Gloucester City Council for the Liberals and was elected Mayor in 1873.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Congress adopted the Missouri Compromise in 1820. Two states entered-Maine and missouri-. Missouri enterd as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state. This compromise kept a balance of power between the free and slave states
  • dahlonega gold rush

    dahlonega gold rush
    By late 1829 north Georgia, known at the time as the Cherokee Nation, was flooded by thousands of prospectors lusting for gold. reported by 1830 there were four thousand miners working along yahoola creek alone.The news got abroad, and such excitement you never saw.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The indian removal act was a law passed on May 28, 1830 during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. It authorized the president to negociate with indian tribes in the southern united states for there removal to federal territory west of the mississippi river in exchange for there homelands.
  • Worcester vGeorgia

    Worcester vGeorgia
    1832), was a case in which the United States Supreme Court vacated the conviction of Samuel Worcester and held that the Georgia criminal statute that prohibited non-Native Americans from being present on Native American lands without a license from the state was unconstitutional.
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    trail of tears

    The trail of tears is a name given to the ethnic cleansing and forced relocation of native american nations from southeastern parts of the united states following the indian removal act of 1830.many native americans suffered from exposure, disease, and starvation on the rout to thier destinations. many died including 2,000-6,000 of 16,542 relocated Cherokee.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred Scott filed a law suit on his behalf. S.C rules against Scott calling him property. Slaves were not allowed to file law suits
  • Comp. of 1850

    Comp. of 1850
    California wanted to be a state. If California was to be a state it would upset balance. To even it out, the North and South did a compromise so California could be a state.
  • fugitive slave law

    fugitive slave law
    This was one of the most controversial elements of the 1850 compromise and heightened Northern fears of a "slave power conspiracy". It required that all escaped slaves were, upon capture, to be returned to their masters and that officials and citizens of free states had to cooperate in this law. Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law" for the dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansa-Nebraska Act was proposed by Stephen Douglas. They both had to choose for themselves. (slavery) There were so many fights; they called it 'leeding Kansas'
  • Election Of 1860

    Election Of 1860
    The United States presidential election of 1860 was the 19th quadrennial presidential election. The election was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860 and served as the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War. Before Lincoln's inauguration, seven Southern states declared their secession and later formed the Confederacy.
  • Georgia Seceded

    Georgia Seceded
    On January 19, 1861, Georgia seceded from the Union as the "Republic of Georgia" and joined the newly formed Confederacy the next month during the prelude to the American Civil War. During the war, Georgia sent nearly 100,000 soldiers to battle, mostly to the armies in Virginia. The state switched from cotton to food production, but severe transportation difficulties eventually restricted supplies.
  • Antietam

    Northern and southern armies collied on September 17, 1862. it was army of northern virginas first invasion to the north. Union victory at battle of antietam gave abraham lincoln the oppertunity to issue the primary emoxipation proclomation.
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    This was the turning point in Civil War. It lasted until July 1 through 3rd, 1863. Battle of Gettysburg was the wars bloodiest battle with 51,000 casualities.
  • Chickamauga

    Braggs army defeated the union forces. They forced the union army back into Tennessee. Nov. 1863, general Ulysses S. Grant had arrived with more troops and recaptured Chattanooga by forcing Bragg to retreat south to Dalton.
  • Shermans March to the Sea

    Shermans March to the Sea
    Shermans army mored heading for Savannah burning everything in a path 60 miles wide. They destroyed all military targets and the civilan economic systems. The estements of damage up too $100 million high (ended war in GA)
  • 13th admendment

    13th admendment
    the 13th Admendment freed all slaves and band slavery.
  • 14th Admendment

    14th Admendment
    The 14th Admendment gave blacks full citizenship and equal treatment.
  • 15th Admendment

    15th Admendment
    The 15th Admendment gave black males the right to vote.
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    mayor hartsfield

    William Berry Hartsfield, Sr. (March 1, 1890 – February 22, 1971), was an American politician who served as the 49th and 51st Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia. His tenure extended from 1937 to 1941 and again from 1942 to 1962, making him the longest-serving mayor of his native Atlanta, Georgia.Hartsfield is credited with developing Atlanta's airport into a national aviation center and ensuring a good water supply with the completion of the Buford Dam.
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    the great depression

    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century.n the 21st century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how far the world's economy can decline. The depression originated in the U.S., after the fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, and became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 (known as Black Tuesd
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    Black Tuesday

    he Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday[1] or the Stock Market Crash of 1929, began in late October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States, when taking into consideration the full extent and duration of its fallout. The crash signalled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
  • FDR Elected

    FDR Elected
    A Voice of Hope. Elected in 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt was a reassuring presence for many Americans through the trials of the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt was in his second term as governor of New York when he was elected as the nation's 32nd president in 1932.
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    Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds were killed. Some scholars argue that the mass murder of the Romani and people with disabilities should be included in the definition,[7] and some use the common noun "holocaust" to describe other Nazi mass murders, including those of Soviet prisoners of war, Polish and Soviet civilians, and homosexuals.
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    Maynard Jackson

    Maynard Holbrook Jackson Jr. was an American politician, a member of the Democratic Party, and the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, serving three terms (1974–82, 1990–94). During Jackson's first term as the mayor, much progress was made in improving race relations in and around Atlanta
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    World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war. It lasted from 1939 to 1945, though some related conflicts in Asia began before 1939. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people, from more than 30 different countries.
  • Attack On Pearl Harbor

    Attack On Pearl Harbor
    The battle at Pearl Harbor wasn’t a long one at all. Infact, it’s known as one of the shortest. The attack started at 7:55 a.m., and ended that same day only a couple hours later at approximately 10:00 a.m.. It seems as though the Japanese were fast and effective when it came to getting in and out as fast as they possibly could. It’s amazing how much damage can be done in such a small amount of time.
  • FDR Dies At Warm Springs

    FDR Dies At Warm Springs
    On this day in 1945, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt passes away after four momentous terms in office, leaving Vice President Harry S. Truman in charge of a country still fighting the Second World War and in possession of a weapon of unprecedented and terrifying power.Eleanor, in her own words, was trained to put personal things in the background. She swallowed the shock and anger about Mercer and threw herself into FDR's funeral preparations.
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    1956 State Flag

    The state flag used from 1956 to 2001 featured a prominent Confederate Battle Flag, which some residents found offensive due to its historical use by the Confederate States of America and its contemporary use as a symbol by various white supremacy groups.After it was repealed as the state flag in 2001, the city of Trenton, Georgia adopted it as the official city flag.
  • Sibley Comission

    Sibley Comission
    In 1960 Ernest Vandiver Jr., forced to decide between closing public schools or complying with a federal order to desegregate them, tapped state representative George Busbee to introduce legislation creating the General Assembly Committee on Schools. Commonly known as the Sibley Commission, the committee was charged with gathering state residents' sentiments regarding desegregation and reporting back to the governor.
  • First african American student at Uga

    First african American student at Uga
    While at UGA Holmes devoted himself to his studies and kept to himself, living off campus and returning home to Atlanta on weekends. Elected to both Phi Beta Kappa and Phi Kappa Phi honor societies, he graduated cum laude with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1963, one year after the commencement of Mary Frances Early, UGA's first black graduate.
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    Albany Movement

    According to traditional accounts the Albany Movement began in fall 1961 and ended in summer 1962. It was the first mass movement in the modern civil rights era to have as its goal the desegregation of an entire community, and it resulted in the jailing of more than 1,000 African Americans in Albany and surrounding rural counties. Out of Albany's failure, then, came Birmingham's success.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country.
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    Jimmy carter president

    During Carter's term as President, he created two new cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II), and returned the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
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    1996 Summer Games

    From July 19 until August 4, 1996, Atlanta hosted the Centennial Summer Olympic Games, an event that was without doubt the largest undertaking in the city's history. Preparations for the Olympics took more than six years after the awarding of the bid to Atlanta and had an estimated economic impact on the city of at least $5.14 billion.