Georgia History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1000

    Paleo Culture

    Paleo Culture
    The hunted big game animals such as wooly mammoths, large bison, wild horses, moose, and elk. They used these animals for food, clothing, and tools. Paleo indians lived nomadic lives. Hunters used spears made by attaching a stone tip to a wooden stick. Scientists have not founded any settlements in georgia.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Archaic Period

    Archaic Period
    The big game animals disapeared. Forests replaced the open land of the ice ages. Scientists believe that they were the first culture of Georgia. They lived under rock shelters or pit houses. During this period cultures began to stay in one spot.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Woodland Period

    Woodland Period
    They developed agriculture or farming. They developed bows and arrows. They built villages along stream valleys. Farming produced more than enough food for one season so the people could store excess food for winter and early spring months.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Mississippian Indians

    Mississippian Indians
    They developed along the mississippi river. These indians preferred building their settlements along rich bottom lands. Mississippians were the first true Georgia farmers. They painted pottery, and carefully carved statues.
  • Mar 1, 1514

    hernando de Soto

    hernando de Soto
    Hernando De Soto explored Georgia in search of gold. He spread many disease to the natives. This killed thousands. The natives had no gold therefore Hernando De Soto's trip to Georgia was a waste. Although many people on the expedition gathered important information. De Soto ended up dying on the expedition.
  • Charter of 1732

    Charter of 1732
    King George 2 granted a charter to Oglethorpes group as trustees for establishing the colony of Georgia and for managing it for 21 years. This charter was granted an area of "all those lands, countries, and territories" between the savvannah and altamaha rivers. King stated that trustees couldnt own land, hold political office, or be given money for work.
  • Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe

    Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe
    Oglethorpe proposed a colony to help the unfortunate but worthy induviduals of england. The new colony of Georgia was to be named Margravate of azilla. James was well educated and wealthy. James cared for people who were in trouble.
  • Salzburgers arrive in Georgia

    Salzburgers arrive in Georgia
    The salzburgers arrived from austria for religious reasons. They were being persecuted by the catholics in europe. James Oglethorpe provided them with land and they named it Ebenezer. They moved to new land because the original land was not good. They named their new home New Ebenezer.
  • Highlands Scots arrive in Georgia

    Highlands Scots arrive in Georgia
    The highland scots were strong, tough men, and they were trained to fight. They came to protect the new colony of Georgia. This is why they were recruited. Flordia was spanish controlled and they wanted to destroy the colonys.
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    John Reynolds

    john Reynolds a captain in the british royal navy, served as georgias first royal govenor. He established a structure of royal government, courts, council, and a commons house. He was bossy and a weak govenor. Nobody liked him. He was recalled back to england. He only served 3 years, and during those 3 years he was a distress to Georgia.
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    Henrey Ellis

    He was the second royal Govenor " second founder of Georgia " and he was responsible for self-Government in Georgia. In 1758 he sponsored legislation that divided the province into 8 parishes, each with delegates to the assembly. He cultivated the friendship of the heads of the creek nation. Poor health forced him out of office in november 1760.
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    James Wright

    He was the third and last royal govenor of Georgia. He was popular and able administrator and servant of the crown. He played a key role in retarding the flame of revolution in georgia long after it had flared violently in every other colony. He returned to british-occupied Savannah in july 1779 and served as a royal govenor for 3 more years.
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    American Revolution

    The American Revolution is also known as the american revolutionary war, and the US war of independence. There were problems between the residents of great britains 13 colonies and the colonial militia men. 1775 started the war, and the next summer the rebels were raging a full out war for their independence. France entered the war on the colonists side, this turned the war into an international conflict.
  • Elijah Clarke and the battle of Kettle Creek

    Elijah Clarke and the battle of Kettle Creek
    Elijah led the troops at Kettle Creek. They defeated a group of 800 british soldiers. The patriots took needed weapons, horses, and raised the spirits of the Georgia Malitia. Elijah Clarke now has a county named after him. ( Clarke County )
  • Austin Dabney

    Austin Dabney
    Austin was born Mullato. One of his parents were english and the other African American. He was the first non-white to fight in the revolution from Georgia. He was injured in battle. He recieved land in Madison county for his service in malitia.
  • articles of confederation ratified by all 13 states

    articles of confederation ratified by all 13 states
    The articles of confederation are radified. The articles were signed by the congress and sent to the other states for them to be radifyed. After 16 months of debates they finally get radifyed on november 15, 1777. After the articles were changed people kept on fighting for almost 4 years. Maryland finally approved the articles on march 1, 1781. This made it official.
  • University of Georgia established

    University of Georgia established
    On january 27, 1785 Georgia established UGA as americas first state supported university (public). UGA was also known as land grant university ( Government provided the land ). Abraham Baldwin was the first president of UGA. Athens Ga was named because it was the center of learning in Georgia.
  • contitutional convention of 1787

    contitutional convention of 1787
    by 1787, only four years after thr official end of the revolution many americans were convinced that the new nation could not survive under the weak central government established by the articles of confederation. they decided to rewrite the constitution entirely.
  • Georgia ratifys the constitution

    Georgia ratifys the constitution
    The two people from Georgia that signed the constitution were William Few and Abraham Baldwin. Georgia ratifyed the constitution for selfish reasons. They wanted to get the indians out of Geogia land so that they could colonize there.
  • spread of the baptist and Methodist faith

    spread of the baptist and Methodist faith
    Baptist and Methodist became the two most practiced christian denominations in georgia. Baptist churches had one minister and one church. methodist churches had one minister and multiple churches. the methodist church ministers were called circuit riders.
  • invention of the cotton gin

    invention of the cotton gin
    The cotton gin helped out georgias farmers. It made the process of seperating the cotton seeds from the cotton fibers easier. Eli Whitney was the inventor of it. Before this ivention they had to seperate the seeds from the cotton fiber by hand.
  • Fugitive slave law

    Fugitive slave law
    these laws were passed by the unitd states congress to provide for the return of slaves who escaped into another state into another state or territory.
  • yazoo land fraud

    yazoo land fraud
    Native americans surrendered their rights to the land. The state government could give the land to its citizens. The headright system worked well when georgia was small and had a central government.
  • capital moves from agusta to loisville

    capital moves from agusta to loisville
    the capital moves west to stay cenralized geographically and based on population. State-house opened in may 1795. Named in honor of king lois XVL(16)
  • missouri compromise

    missouri compromise
    The missouri compromise was created to ensure that there was a balance between slave and free states. For every free state that entered the union a slave state entered with it. If states were above a certain areaa then it was a free state, and if states were below that certain area then it was a slave state.
  • Dahlonega Gold Rush

    Dahlonega Gold Rush
    Summer of 1829 gold was found in Dahlonega. Benjamen Parks was said to be the first to find gold. 10,000 minors moved to cherokee lands because of the gold. This event was the the event that started indian removal of the cherokee indians.
  • Indian removal act

    Indian removal act
    signed may 28, 1830 by president jackson. the act removed all indians from US lands. this was a forced move. thisv event results in the tral of tears.
  • trail of tears

    trail of tears
    Trail used for the face removal of the cherokee indians from georgia. General scott used federal troops (7000) to round up and make more than 10,000cherokees leave. many indians died from disease and starvation.
  • worchester vs. georgia

    worchester vs. georgia
    the supreme court case of samuel worchester vs. the state of georgia. The law in georgia was that missionaries could only live in cherokee territories. sam worchester and two others refused to sign the law. All missionaries were jailed and setenced to 4 years of hard labor. john Marshall rules out that they cannot jail all missionaries.
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    rebecca L. Felton

    she was an american white supremacist, lynching advocate, writer, lecturer, reformer, and politican who became the first women to serve in the united states senate.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Dred Scott Case
    Dred scott a slave, was taken with his owner to the free state of illinois. He went back to a slave state and filed a lawsuit saying he was a free man, because he lived in a free state for a short time. They said he was still a slave and that he couldnt file a lawsuit because he was still a slave. This angered the north.
  • compromise of 1850

    compromise of 1850
    The compromise of 1850 was passed by congress. the compromise offered something to please both the north and south.
  • knasas nebraska act

    knasas nebraska act
    this act went against the missouri compromise. kansas and nebraska were in the north but they were slave states.
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    The union Blockade in the civil war was a naval tactic by the northern government to prevent the confederacy from trading. this blockade was was proclaimed by president abraham lincoln, and he had 3,500 miles of atlantic and gulf coastline blocked.
  • Antietam

    Antietnam is located near the town of sharpsburg, maryland. Northern and Southern armies collided there. Antietam was the bloodiest one day battle of the civil war.This was the first invasion into the north.
  • Gettysburg

    This was the turning point in the civil war. The north fought hard and eventually won. This was a three day fight. It happened in pennsylvania, gettysburg. This was the second invasion into the north.
  • Chickamauga

    Troops led into chattanooga at chickamauga. The south was winning, but the north eventually won.
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    Shermans March to the Sea

    Heading to savannah shermans army burned everything in a path 60 miles wide. Once sherman arrived in savannah he stopped the destruction and gave savannah to abraham lincoln as a christmas present.
  • 13th amendment

    13th amendment
    this amendment of the us constitution oficially abolished slavery. Although slavery was over with there was still many racial issues. Segregation was happening everywhere in the south.
  • andersonville

    The largest confederate military prisons during the civil war was andersonville. During the 14 months the prison existed more than 45,000 union soldiers were confined here, and 13,000 died here. Dirty water, no shelter from heat of cold weather, and disease were the conditions of this camp. many union soldiers starved to death.
  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    This amendment granted citizenship to the freedmen. blacks celebrated everywhere. Although blacks were now citizens this didnt stop whites from mistreating blacks.
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    This amendment gave blacks the right to vote. although blacks were allowed to vote black codes were created to try and restrict the rights of blacks.
  • plessy vs. furgeson

    plessy vs. furgeson
    United States Supreme Court decision in upholding the state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under "separate but equal"
  • 1906 atlanta riot

    1906 atlanta riot
    the atlanta riot of 1906 was a mass civil disturbance in atlanta, georgia. 40 blacked were killed by mobs of angry white people. the main reason for the riot was because of the tension between whites and blacks and the competition for jobs.
  • leo frank case

    leo frank case
    leo frank a white jewish man was accused of murdering 14 year old mary phagen. Frank then accused the murder on a colored man by the name jim conley. Conley won the case and frank was killed by the KKK.
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    world war 1

    World War I was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. it was called simply the World War or the Great War.
  • county unit system

    county unit system
    this was a system used for voting in the state of Georgia. Though the County Unit System was used since 1898, it was enacted by the Neill Primary Act of 1917.
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    the great deppression

    The great deppresion happened because the economy and stock market crashed. People were out of jobs and starving.
  • FDR elected

    FDR elected
    The United States presidential election of 1932 was the 37th presidential election, held on November 8, 1932. The election took place during the Great Depression.
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    roosevelts new deal

    The New Deal was a series of programs in the United States between 1933 and 1936, and a few that came later.
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    Mayor hartsfield

    he was the mayor of atlanta for 6 terms. in 1948 he hired 8 blacks to be police officers for restricted duties. in 1958 the mayor asked the state to allow or not allow integrated schools in atlanta. in 1950 he helped organize 8 different sit ins in different lunchrooms.
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    world war 2

    The holocaust took place during this war. Germany started the war by invading poland. Then britain and france declared war on germany, this made many other countrys get involved. 55 million people worldwide were killed.
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    the killing of 6 million jews and an additional of 5 milliom people that were labeled as " undesirable.'
  • pearl harbor

    pearl harbor
    roosevelt cut off all trades and sells with japan. On december 7, 1941 japan flew in and bombed pearl harbor. Over two thousand people were killed. Planes and boats were destroyed. On december 8th congress declared war on japan, and the usa entered world war 2.
  • FDR dies warm springs

    FDR dies warm springs
    On this day in 1945, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt passes away after four terms in office, leaving Harry S. Truman in charge.
  • brown vs. board of education

    brown vs. board of education
    7 year old linda brown, a black student that was tried for trying to enroll into a white only school in topeka, kansas. Her ebtry was denied. the NAACP helped browns father sue the topeka board of education. The court ordered racial integregation in schools. BROWN WON!!!!
  • 1956 state flag

    1956 state flag
    georgias state flag was changed to incorporate the st. andrews cross, a confederate battle emblem. many people were offended by the flag because it had brought back a symbol of slavery. Georgia changed their flag again. it had the state sal in the middle of it and it said "in god we trust."
  • sibley commission

    sibley commission
    Governor Ernest Vandiver Jr. was forced to decide between closing public schools or ordering to desegregate them.
  • albany movement

    albany movement
    The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia by local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The organization was led by William G. Anderson. Martin Luther King, Jr and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference became involved in assisting the Albany Movement with protes.
  • first african american students at uga

    first african american students at uga
    Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter became the first two African American students admitted to the University of georgia. UGA was one of many segregated southern institutions. they were mistreated and the white kids would tease them.
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    mayor allen

    mayor of atlanta for 8 years. he wanted peaceful segregation. he ordered imediate removal of the black only and white only signs.
  • march on washington

    march on washington
    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place in Washington on August 28 1963. about 250,000 people showed up, it was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nations capital, and one of the first to have that much television.
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    Jim crow laws

    Jim crow laws were racial segregation laws. "White Only" and "Black only" signs were common during these laws.
  • international cotton expo

    international cotton expo
    The location of this place was along the Western & Atlantic Railroad tracks. The progress made since the citys destruction during the battle of atlanta and new developments in cotton production. It was designed so that the buildings could later be used as a cotton mill.
  • black tuesday

    black tuesday
    a stock market crash was when Black Tuesday took place and was when the price of stocks completely collapsed. It was because of this day that the Roaring Twenties came to a halt and, the Great Depression. This was a time of incredible instability.