Founding Fathers, Industrialization, and Discrimination Timeline.

Timeline created by Parkerferry
In History
  • Massacre at Mystic

    Massacre at Mystic
    Connecticut colonists under the lead of Captain John Mason, allied with Narragansett and Mohegan tribes, set fire and attacked the Pequot tribe fort near the Mystic River. The attack was due to previous Pequot attacks on English colonists. The colonists and allied Native American tribes slaughtered everyone who was in the fort and shot anyone who tried to escape. Today, this event is considered by many to be mass genocide.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    American colonists disguised as Mohawk Native Americans raid three British tea ships, dumping loads of tea into the Boston Harbor to protest the British tax on tea.
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the two battles that started the American Revolutionary War. The British were trying to cease an arms cache of arms used by American Colonists, but were met with resistance in Concord and Lexington. During a stand off, a shot was fired that would affect world history.
  • The Declaration of Independence is Signed

    The Declaration of Independence is Signed
    56 delegates of the 13 United States colonies signed the Declaration of Independence, announcing their support for leaving Britain and becoming an independent country.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge
    After Washington and the Continental Army failed to retake Philadelphia in 1777, Washington retreated to Valley Forge for the winter. The Continental Army spent 6 months there, and in that time Washington united an army that was capable of defeating the British.
  • Articles of Confederation are Ratified

    Articles of Confederation are Ratified
    The United States Continental Congress adopts the Article of Confederation, making it the first constitution on the United States. After the United States had become an independent country, they needed a set of rules to live by.
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    The last major battle in the American Revolutionary War. George Washington, backed by the French Army, surrounded and defeated General Lord Cornwallis and the British army, effectively ending the Revolutionary War. This major success also cemented Washington as an influential leader, which helped him win the first presidential election.
  • The Constitution is Ratified

    The Constitution is Ratified
    The Constitution was officially announced the framework of the United States once New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it. This was monumental because it was replacing the Articles of Confederation, which had many flaws. This new system established the United State's government system, established laws, and gave everyone basic human rights.
  • Presidential Inauguration of George Washington

    Presidential Inauguration of George Washington
    Held nearly two whole months after he was sworn into office, Washington was inaugurated as the first president of the United States. The Inauguration was held on the balcony of the Federal Hall in New York City.
  • Washington's Farewell Adress

    Washington's Farewell Adress
    After nearly 20 years of service to the United States, Washington wrote a farewell letter near the end of his second term of presidency. He announced his retirement from president and his plans to reside in his Mount Vernon Estate. The letter addressed the nation on what to do next, and gave advice for the future.
  • The Death of George Washington

    The Death of George Washington
    On December 12, after supervising farm activities in the rain and snow, George Washington attained Epiglottitis and fell ill. Washington wrote his own will and asked his secretary to make sure he had a decent burial. His last words were, "Tis well."
  • Election Day, 1800

    Election Day, 1800
    A hard-fought battle between John Adams. Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson won decisively over Adams, making this the first time that power had been handed over peacefully from one political idea to another.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    A landmark Supreme Court case that established the idea of judicial review in the United States. This allowed the Supreme Court to strike down some laws and government actions that they deem as violating the Constitution.
  • Nat Turner Rebellion

    Nat Turner Rebellion
    Nat Turner's Rebellion was an uprising of African-American slaves led by Nat Turner is Southampton County, Virginia. This came as a shock to many people in the southern United States, ending the belief that slaves were happy with their lives or were too passive to incite a rebellion. The revolt led to newer oppressive laws towards slaves, but the message left behind was still wide spread. The rebellion led to the death of approximately 55 white citizens, and was a large factor in the Civil War.
  • The Dead Rabbits Riot

    The Dead Rabbits Riot
    The Dead Rabbits Riot was a gang war between members of the Dead Rabbits and the Bowery Boys. What started out as a small-scale street fight, the conflict would spiral into widespread looting and destruction of property from gang members and other criminals from all parts of New York City. The gang war was unsuccessfully stopped by local police many times, and was eventually halted by the New York State Militia.
  • The Ku Klux Klan is Established

    The Ku Klux Klan is Established
    The Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee, by a group of Confederate veterans. The Klan grew from a small social fraternity to a force bent on reversing the federal government's progressive reconstruction in the South, especially policies that pertained to the African American population. The Ku Klux Klan would perform terrorist raids on African Americans and white republicans at night, using intimidation, assault, destruction of property, and even murder to employ their message.
  • John D. Rockefeller Cretes Standard Oil

    John D. Rockefeller Cretes Standard Oil
    John D. Rockefeller founded Standard Oil in 1870. Rockefeller made massive strides in disseminating and reducing the production cost of oil across the country. Rockefeller gained massive influence over the railroad industry, whom transported his oil across the country. At one time, Standard Oil controlled 90% of the oil market in the country. In 1911, the Supreme Court ruled that the company must be disbanded after violating antitrust laws, and the company was split into 34 separate entities.
  • Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell was inspired by the 1842 invention of the the telegraph to create a device that allowed people to speak to one another from long distances. He called this a "harmonic telegraph", which would combine aspects of a telegraph and a record player. Bell created his first prototype, and delivered the iconic inaugural message on a telephone, "Mr. Watson, come here. I need you."
  • The Great Oklahoma Land Race

    The Great Oklahoma Land Race
    Thousands of settlers made a dash to the newly opened Oklahoma territory for their chance to purchase cheap land in the territory. This raised some problems though, as the Oklahoma territory was supposed to be Native American sectioned land. Once the Land Race began, many tribes would unrightfully lose their homes.
  • Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    Over the time that Ellis Island was the United States' main immigration station, more than 12 million immigrants were processed and allowed in America. This would forever change the ethnic diversity of our country.
  • The Wizard of Oz is Published

    The Wizard of Oz is Published
    The Wizard of Oz was one of the most influential and commercially successful books at the turn of the century, influencing many pieces of culture and media all across the world. The book, especially in the United States, represented many things that were important to the people of the nation going into a new century. Dorothy represented the pride and bravery of the nation, the Tin Man represented industry in America, and the Scarecrow represented agriculture in America.
  • Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States.

    Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States.
    Theodore Roosevelt became the 26th President of the United States under short notice after the assassination of William McKinley. Roosevelt would then go on to win the 1904 election on his own terms. Roosevelt was also a conservationist, setting aside nearly 200 million acres for national parks and wildlife refuges across the country. Roosevelt would play a pivotal role in ending the Russo-Japanese War and was responsible for spearheading the construction of the Panama Canal.
  • Ford Motor Company is Founded

    Ford Motor Company is Founded
    After leaving Henry Ford Company, which would later become Cadillac Motor Company, Henry Ford founded another automobile company in 1903. In the beginning, Ford would only produce 2-4 cars a day, but as time passed Ford revolutionized the assembly line concept and developed it into what we know today. In 1908, Ford developed the Model T, which would go on to sell millions of units by 1927.
  • Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil

    Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil
    Ida Tarbell published her expose on Standard Oil, titled "The History of the Standard Oil Company" would shed light onto the corruption of Standard Oil. The expose revealed aggressive techniques that Standard Oil employed to outmaneuver and roll over competing oil companies. Ida Tarbell's expose played a supportive role in the 1911 Supreme Court decision that found Standard Oil in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
  • Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    Whereas Ellis Island was the main immigration station for many Europeans, Angel Island in San Fransisco Bay was the main immigration station for many Asians wishing to make it into America. Over one million people came through and were processed at Angel Island.
  • The 17th Amendment is Passed

    The 17th Amendment is Passed
    The 17th Amendment changed a section of Article I of the US Constitution, making it to where the people of the state would now elect their senators. This was changed from the previous system, where state senators were elected by state legislatures.
  • The Empire State Building Opens

    The Empire State Building Opens
    The Empire State Building was officially opened on May 1, 1931 by President Herbert Hoover, who turned the building's lights on with a ceremonial button press from Washington, D.C. On opening day, the Empire State building was the tallest building in the world, and the first building to reach over 100 floors. Due to these feats, the building became an icon of New York City and of the nation.