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Founding Fathers Timeline/ Wars

  • Massacre at Mystic

    Massacre at Mystic
    Massacre at Mystic was an attack on Mystic Fort and about 500 adults and children of the Pequot tribe died. The Massacre at Mystic is also called the Pequot War.
  • The Scalp Act

    The Scalp Act
    The Scalp Act is when the government paid for the Native American Scalps and made a Booming Business.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was the "taxation without representation" so the Americans dumped over 300 chests of tea which caused the British Company to go into the harbor. The Americans dressed up as Indians so they could protest.
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    The Battles of Lexington and Concord both were the starting point of the American Revolutionary War and the British troops marched to Concord.
  • The Declaration of Independence is Signed

    The Declaration of Independence is Signed
    The Declaration of Independence was signed on August but it was made in July 4, some of the Continental Congress wasn’t present but it was signed by 56 members of the Second Continental Congress.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge
    General Washington and the Patriots in The Winter at Valley Forge was a great trail for the American army. 11,000 soldiers were stationed and hundreds of them died from disease.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge
    In the Winter at Valley Forge a lot of soldiers died from disease but they stayed together because they was Patriots.
  • Benedict Arnold turns traitor

    Benedict Arnold turns traitor
    Benedict Arnold was a Revolutionary War hero and he turned his back on his country in a secret meeting with the British officials. A year later he informed the British of the proposed American invasion of Canada.
  • The Battle of Cowpens

     The Battle of Cowpens
    It was an American victory over a British force on the northern border of South Carolina. It slowed down Lord Cornwallis’s campaign to invade North Carolina.
  • Article of Confederation are Ratified

    Article of Confederation are Ratified
    Delaware and Maryland delegates the Article of Confederation but then all of the thirteen states finally ratified the Article of Confederation.
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    In The Battle of Yorktown Franco American land entrapped British army it also enforced the British to surrender.
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    The 3/5ths Compromise is 3/5th of a person. Which gave the Americans more power over the slaves and so on.
  • The Constitution is Ratified

    The Constitution is Ratified
    The Constitution was ratified because the government wanted to start a new nation and they added the Bill of Rights into the Constitution.
  • Presidential Inauguration of George Washington

    Presidential Inauguration of George Washington
    Inauguration of George Washington urged the Congress to add the Bill of Rights into the Constitution. He did this because he wanted men to have free rights.
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    Washington’s Farewell after he worked for the U.S. for 20 years and he didn't want people to say that he is a king so after his second term he made a law that a present can't have more than two terms.
  • The Death of George Washington

    The Death of George Washington
    The death of George Washington was a tragic time because he was our first present. At this time they didn’t have the medicine that we have now but he had a throat infection because he lost his voice and fell very ill.
  • Election Day, 1800

    Election Day, 1800
    The Election Day was referred as "Revolution of 1800" and this was the first election with both parties.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    In the Marbury vs. Madison the Supreme Court established the judicial review so this is a U.S. constitution law.
  • Slave Trade Ends in the United States

    Slave Trade Ends in the United States
    Slave Trade Ends in the United States is banned the importation of slaves and new scholarship on slavery and the world the slaves made.
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    Battle of Tippecanoe, Tecumseh to ally his remaining forces with Great Britain during the War of 1812.
  • The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere

    The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere
    Captain James Richard Dacres was confident of victory besides the Americans ships were larger and more heavily armed. Guerriere was dismasted and was in sinking conditions.
  • The Battle of Baltimore

    The Battle of Baltimore
    The United States could hold out against British attacks. Their successful defense of Baltimore City helped end the War of 1812.
  • The Battle of New Orleans

    The Battle of New Orleans
    The Battle of New Orleans was the greatest American land victory of the war. The American troops were led by Andrew Jackson and they defeated the British forces.
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was dividing the nations into competing halves, half free and half slaves.
  • The Election of Andrew Jackson

    The Election of Andrew Jackson
    Andrew Jackson was criticized for his actions in the Bank War. He was still popular in the general public and Andrew Jackson was in the Democratic Party.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Indian Removal Act is lands from the West of Mississippi exchanged the Indian Lands within existing in that state borders.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    Trail of Tears was when 16,000 Native Americans had to leave their home. Over 4,000 of these Indians died from disease, famine, and warfare.
  • Nat Turner Rebellion

    Nat Turner Rebellion
    Nat Turner was an enslaved man who led a rebellion of enslaved people.
  • The Battle of the Alamo

    The Battle of the Alamo
    The Alamo was fought between the Republic of Texas and Mexico, it took place at a fort in San Antonio, Texas.
  • Mexico loses California, New Mexico, and Arizona

    Mexico loses California, New Mexico, and Arizona
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and it brought an end to the Mexican- American War. Guadalupe Hidalgo was a city that the Mexican government had fled to with the advance of the U.S. forces.
  • The Fugitive Slave Act

    The Fugitive Slave Act
    The Fugitive Slave Act was any slave would have to return to their owners, even if they were in a free state.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott Decision is that a slave that is in a free state and territory was not entitled to his freedom.
  • The Dead Rabbits Riot

    The Dead Rabbits Riot
    The Dead Rabbits Riot is a civil disturbance in New York City.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Abraham won the election and was nominated for 1864 National Union National Convention. The re-election ensured that he was presided over after the success of the Civil War.
  • South Carolina secedes from the United States

    South Carolina secedes from the United States
    When Abraham was president he wanted to remove slavery but The South Secedes wanted to still have slavery so they were trying to remove the states of South Carolina from the union.
  • The First Battle of Bull Run

    The First Battle of Bull Run
    About 35,000 union troops marched from the federal capital in Washington, D.C.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation Proclamation is when the nation was about to go into the third year of the civil war. The proclamation says "that all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free." By Abraham Lincoln.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    It stopped the Confederate momentum in the Eastern Theater and it killed any chance of Europe intervening.
  • The Treaty at Appomattox Courthouse

    The Treaty at Appomattox Courthouse
    General Robert E. Lee was the commander of the Confederate forces and he had to surrender his army of Northern Virginia against Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    13th Amendment was abolished slavery as an institution in all of the U.S. states and territories.
  • The Ku Klux Klan is Established

    The Ku Klux Klan is Established
    The Ku Klux Klan is Established in 1865 in Pulaski, TN
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th Amendment is that all people born or naturalized in the U.S. are all citizens and are all equal.
  • John D. Rockefeller Created Standard Oil

    John D. Rockefeller Created Standard Oil
    He established Standard Oil and it controlled 90% of the U.S. refineries and pipelines.
  • The 15th amendment

    The 15th amendment
    The 15th amendment is all the rights of citizens of the U.S. can vote. The U.S. or by state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone. He exhibited the first telephone and Thomas Alva Edison presented the automatic telegraph.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    Battle of Little Bighorn is when the Native American forces defeated the U.S. Army troops.
  • The Great Oklahoma Land Race

    The Great Oklahoma Land Race
    The Great Oklahoma Land Race was the first land run into unassigned lands of the Indian Territory. The Indian Territory was a new home to the variety of tribes.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    Battle of Wounded Knee was when there was a slaughtering of 300 Lakota Indians by the U.S. Army troops.
  • Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    Ellis Island was a immigration station for all of the immigrants that wanted to travel to the U.S. They were able to come to Ellis Island and be free.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Plessy vs. Ferguson is where they was saying that the racial segregation and under the separate but equal doctrine.
  • The sinking of the USS Maine

    The sinking of the USS Maine
    The sinking of the USS Maine and it killed 266 of the 354 crew members. The sinking of the Maine incited the U.S. passions against Spain.
  • The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published

    The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published
    The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published in 1900's by author L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow.
  • J.P. Morgan Funds U.S. Steel

    J.P. Morgan Funds U.S. Steel
    J.P. Morgan Funds U.S. Steel in 1901 and he financed and merged with Andrew Carnegie's of Carnegie Steel Company.
  • Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States

    Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States
    Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States he was the youngest president of the U.S. after McKinley died.
  • Ford Motor Company is Founded

    Ford Motor Company is Founded
    Ford Motor Company was Founded in 1903 in Detroit, MI.
  • Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil

    Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil
    Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil in 1904 and she exposed that it was an unfair practice of the Oil Company. Then the U.S. The Supreme Court decided to "Break its monopoly".
  • The 16th Amendment is Passed

    The 16th Amendment is Passed
    The 16th Amendment is Passed in 1909 and it was to impose a Federal income tax known as the Graduated Tax.
  • Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    The Chinese community leaders hastily built a immigration station. For immigrants that are entering the U.S. it opened before World War I and the closing of America's "open door".
  • The 17th Amendment is Passed

    The 17th Amendment is Passed
    The 17th Amendment is Passed in 1912 and the 17th Amendment was it gives the governor or executive authority of each state.
  • 1st Winter Olympics Held

    1st Winter Olympics Held
    This was held in Chamonix in the French Alps.
  • Sacco and Vanzetti arrested for armed robbery and murder

    Sacco and Vanzetti arrested for armed robbery and murder
    They were put on trial May 21, 1921 at Dedham, Norfolk County. This case was a widely regarded as a miscarriage of justice in American legal history.
  • KDKA goes on the air from Pittsburgh

    KDKA goes on the air from Pittsburgh
    This is a broadcast of the returns of the Harding-Cox presidential election. KDKA is a musical program that was initiated thereafter and motivated others to install.
  • 1st Miss American Pageant

    1st Miss American Pageant
    Margaret Gorman was the winner in 1921 and in the “Inter-City Beauty” contest.
  • Teapot Dome Scandal

    Teapot Dome Scandal
    This was a bribery scandal involving the administration of the U.S. President Warren G. Harding. Albert Fall accepted the valuable gifts and large sums of money from private oil companies. The oil companies control the government oil reserves.
  • J.Edgar Hoover Becomes Head of the FBI

    J.Edgar Hoover Becomes Head of the FBI
    Mr. Hoover made a lot of changes into the numbers of institutional changes so he can correct criticisms.
  • The Great Gatsby published by F. Scott Fitzgerald

    The Great Gatsby published by F. Scott Fitzgerald
    It is a tragic story of Jay Gatsby, he is a self-made millionaire, his pursuit of Daisy Buchanan, she is a wealthy young woman who Jay loved in his youth.
  • Mein Kampf is Published

    Mein Kampf is Published
    Mein Kampf was first issued in Germany which had a foundational text of Nazism. Mein Kampf means “My Struggle” in German, it was by Adolf Hilter.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    This was a trial about teaching evolution in schools in Tennessee.
  • Charles Lindberg completes solo flight across the Atlantic

    Charles Lindberg completes solo flight across the Atlantic
    Charles A. Lindbergh completed the first solo transatlantic flight in history.
  • The Jazz Singer debuts (1st movie with sound)

    The Jazz Singer debuts (1st movie with sound)
    The first commercially successful full-length feature film with sound and it was shown at the Blue Mouse Theater at 1421 5th Avenue in Seattle. The movie uses Warner Brothers’ Vitaphone sound-on-disc technology.
  • St. Valentine's Day Massacre

    St. Valentine's Day Massacre
    This was the culmination of gang war between arch rivals Al Capone and Bugs Moran. It was bitterly with “Scarface” Al Capone for control of smuggling and trafficking operations in the Windy City. They both survived several attempted murders.
  • The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem

    The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem
    The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem was the Congressman passed away before the end of the 72nd Congress.
  • Stock Market Crash Begins Great Depression

    Stock Market Crash Begins Great Depression
    It is also known as the “Black Thursday”. When the Stock Market lost all of the people's money, everyone lost their savings and people got unemployed.
  • Black Tuesday (Stock Market Crash)

    Black Tuesday (Stock Market Crash)
    It started on Black Mondays and led up to the following by Black Tuesday. The stock prices collapsed completely and 16,410,030 shares were traded on the New York Stock Exchange.
  • The Dust Bowl Begins

    The Dust Bowl Begins
    The Dust Bowl was also called “the Dirty Thirties”. It lasted for about a decade but it impacted the regions. There was a severe drought that hit the midwest.
  • The Empire State Building Opens

    The Empire State Building Opens
    The Empire State Building Opens because President Herbert Hoover dedicates New York City's Empire State Building.
  • Franklin Roosevelt is Elected President (1st Time)

    Franklin Roosevelt is Elected President (1st Time)
    Franklin Roosevelt was elected but Roosevelt was defeated by Republican Herbert Hoover. It is one of the largest landslide victories in US history.
  • Adolf Hitler Become Chancellor of Germany

    Adolf Hitler Become Chancellor of Germany
    Adolf Hitler he has risen to prominence in Germany, some of the German people were frustrated with dismal economic conditions. The Germans were defeated in the Great War and there were harsh peace terms in the Versailles treaty.
  • CCC is Created

    CCC is Created
    “CCC” Civilian Conservation Corps is one of the New Deal programs, established to relieve unemployment in the Great Depression. The CCC provided national conservation of work to unmarried men.
  • WPA is Created

    WPA is Created
    It was called the Works Progress Administration. It was created to help the unemployed, so it gives people a place to start working.
  • J.J. Braddock Wins Heavyweight Boxing Title

    J.J. Braddock Wins Heavyweight Boxing Title
    He was called “ the greatest fistic upset since the defeat of John L. Sullivan by Jim Corbett. He won the heavyweight championship of the World as 10-to-1 underdogs.
  • Olympic Games in Berlin

    Olympic Games in Berlin
    In the summer the Olympic Games were attended by athletes and spectators around the world. The Games were held in Berlin.
  • Kristallnacht

    Kristallnacht
    The Nazi leaders unleashed a lot of programs for the Jewish population.
  • Grapes of Wrath is Published

    Grapes of Wrath is Published
    After the publication of it, it was captured by the American imagination. It is a way of life that no one can imagine and shows us power.
  • Wizard of Oz Premiers in Movie Theaters

    Wizard of Oz Premiers in Movie Theaters
    It was located in Oconomowoc Wisconsin. The film was located there because the film lived close to there.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    Germany invades Poland, in World War II in Europe. The German forces finally broke through the Polish defenses.
  • The Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain
    Hitler aimed his forces to Britain and bombing naval blockade for an invasion. There were a few thousand airmen waged a dogged battle in the skies over Britain.
  • The Four Freedoms Speech:

    The Four Freedoms Speech:
    The Four Freedoms of Speech is speech, worship, want, and fear. Roosevelt proposed four of the fundamental freedoms for the people.
  • The Bombing of Pearl Harbor

    The Bombing of Pearl Harbor
    The Japanese attacked the battleships in Pearl Harbor, there were about 20 American ships and more than 300 airplanes that got destroyed. The attack of Pearl Harbor was just a huge gamble because the Japanese took its objective in the Pacific and Southeast Asia and the U.S. didn’t respond as expected.
  • The Battle of Midway

    The Battle of Midway
    The U.S. Navy’s decisive victory in the air/sea battle. The major base located at Midway Island dashed Japan’s hope of neutralizing the U.S. as a naval power and effectively. The Japanese naval aviation never fully recovered from Midway.
  • The Battle of Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad
    The Soviet Union defeated the German army. This battle was known for the largest, longest, and the bloodiest engagement in modern warfare.
  • Operation Torch

    Operation Torch
    It was an allied invasion of French North Africa in the Second World War. The French colonies were aligned with Germany via Vichy France.
  • Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Program

    Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Program
    The Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives Program was established in 1943 that worked under the Civil Affairs and Military Government Sections to help protect cultural properties during and after WWII.
  • The Battle of Kursk

    The Battle of Kursk
    This was the second war engagement between German and the Soviet forces. It was the largest tank battle in history.
  • D-Day (June 6th, 1944)

    D-Day (June 6th, 1944)
    The Allied forces launched Operation Overlord and liberated north-west Europe from the Germans occupation. Eisenhower had postponed the attack for about a month.
  • Battle of the Philippines

    Battle of the Philippines
    Battle of the Philippines was a naval battle if World War II between the Japanese Combined Fleet and U.S. Fifth Fleet. It is known as “the greatest carrier battle of the war”.
  • The Battle of the Bulge

    The Battle of the Bulge
    The German forces launched a surprise attack on the allied forces in forested Ardennes region in Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. The German troops withdrew.
  • The Battle of Iwo Jima

    The Battle of Iwo Jima
    Iwo Jima was a target by the Americans as a part of the allies “Island Hopping” strategy to invade islands. It was one of the bloodiest battles in Marine Corps history. There were 200 out of 21,000 Japanese that were killed, as were almost 7,000 Marines.
  • The Battle of Okinawa

    The Battle of Okinawa
    The Okinawa provided allied forces an airbase for the U.S. to Bomb the Japanese and advanced anchorage for the allied fleets.
  • The Death of FDR

    The Death of FDR
    FDR died from a hemorrhagic stroke. His memorial was one of America's great leaders and optimism. Franklin Delano Roosevelt served as the 32nd president of the United States.
  • The Death of Adolf Hitler

    The Death of Adolf Hitler
    Hitler was in his bunker in his headquarters in Berlin. Hitler committed suicide by swallowing a cyanide capsule and he shot himself in the head. Hitler didn’t want to be captured so that’s why he did this.
  • Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

    Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima
    The Americans had 29 bombers dropped the worlds first atomic bomb at the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The Bomb killed 80,000 people and later on tens of thousands more died due to the radiation.
  • Atomic Bombing Nagasaki

    Atomic Bombing Nagasaki
    The Americans was going to drop the second bomb August 11, it was names “Fat Man” but due to the weather expected for that day they upped the date to the 9th. At 1:56 a.m. adapted B-29 bomber that was called “Bockscar”.
  • Newport Jazz Festival

    Newport Jazz Festival
    The Newport Jazz Festival turned into a battle zone because a lot of people shut out shows, drank alcohol, throwing beer bottles and rocks at the police. The National Guard was called for help by the police.
  • Nixon-Kennedy Debates (1st on Television)

    Nixon-Kennedy Debates (1st on Television)
    Kennedy vs. Nixon. It was the first television debate, it took the nation by the Vietnamese war during the 1960. The TV exposed stuff about the government, how they were lying about the progress of the war.
  • The Assassination of John F. Kennedy

    The Assassination of John F. Kennedy
    The assassination was really weird because he got shot twince but they only found one person that did it. Also Lee Harvey got killed when he got arrested. There are a lot of ways people think that actually happened.
  • The Beatles Appear for the first time on the Ed Sullivan Show

    The Beatles Appear for the first time on the Ed Sullivan Show
    This was the first live appearance of The Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show. This was in NYC, Studio 50. There were 73 million people watching this show.
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    President Lyndon Johnson took measures to repel and attack the U.S. forces to prevent more aggression. This was from the communist government of North Vietnam.
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    The Rolling Thunder was a interrupted bombing campaign and it lasted in the end of October 1968. This operation was designed to force Ho Chi Minh to abandon and to take over South Vietnam.
  • March on the Pentagon

    March on the Pentagon
    This March was a protest that was a massive demonstration against the Vietnam War. There were 100,000 attendees that were by the Lincoln Memorial and there were 50,000 people who marched into the city of Pentagon.
  • Mai Lai Massacre

    Mai Lai Massacre
    This Massacre was committed against civilians during the Vietnam War and the civilians were unarmed. The American soldiers brutally killed most of the civilians.
  • Riots at the Chicago Democratic Convention

    Riots at the Chicago Democratic Convention
    This riot in the Chicago Democratic Convention was against the Vietnam War. Vietnam was undergoing unrest and months later the assassination of MLK Jr. accrued.
  • Chicago 8 Trial

    Chicago 8 Trial
    The Chicago 8 trial was actively charged with inciting violent demonstrations. The Democratic National Convention was open before the Judge. The U.S. federal government conspiracy was the first federal anti-riot law.
  • Woodstock

    Woodstock
    This was a music and art fair that took place on a farm. There were a lot of hippies that gathered, it was one of the civil rights movements. Woodstock was for people to escape into music and to spread a message that people want peace.
  • The Beatles Break Up

    The Beatles Break Up
    The Beatles broke up because they were tired from their extensive tours, they also couldn’t hear themselves due to their fans. McCartney began to dissolve the partnership, he also wanted his freedom since his freedom was infringed.
  • Kent State Protest

    Kent State Protest
    This protest was because of the bombing of Cambodia by the U.S. military. The Guardsmen at Kent State University were shot by the Guardsmen and killed 4 students. The Kent State shooting became the dividing point by the Vietnam War.
  • Roe vs. Wade

    Roe vs. Wade
    The U.S. Supreme Court decided to start a state law to banned abortion was unconstitutional. They finally decided to say that women’s right to privacy extended to abort the unborn child.