Founders of Psychology

  • Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin
    Charles DarwinHis book, "Orgin of Species", went on sale to the public this day at a price of 15 shillings. He had a theory of evolution. He went to the Galapagos Islands to observe animal behavior. His theory was applied to psychology because it allowed scientists to study animals and relate them to human behavior.
  • Wilhelm Wundt

    Wilhelm Wundt
    Wilhelm WundtWundt established the first experimental psychology laboratory. He was credited with formally establishing psychology as a separate scientific discipline. He sought to determine the mind through the use of analytic introspection. Wundt said that you have to ask questions and the questions would reveal what the person is thinking. He created introspection which was the process where one "looks into" themself and tells what is there.
  • Ivan Pavlov

    Ivan Pavlov
    Ivan PavlovIvan Pavlov was appointed Professor of Pharmacology at the Military Medical Academy. Five years later he was then appointed to the Chair of Physiology
  • William James

    William James
    William JamesHe published, “Principles of Psychology”. It was the first psychology textbook. He also may have had the first psychology laboratory in America in 1876. William James was interested in the functions of consciousness. He established "functionalism" as a school of thought in psychology.
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Sigmund FreudFreud published, “The Interpretation of Dreams”. He was credited for being the most famous psychologist. He established "psychoanalysis" via work with female clients in Austria. His theory was the roots of psychological problems were motives that reside in the part of the mind which we are unaware of. He called it the "subconscious".
  • John Watson

    John Watson
    John WatsonHe gave the lecture and published the article called, “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It." Watson said, "We are what we learn to be!" He beleived one could "condition" a person to engage in or stop certain behaviors. He was interested in behavior and its precise measurement rather than "consciousness." He established "radical behaviorism" circa 1912.
  • Mary Cover Jones

    Mary Cover Jones
    Mary Cover JonesShe was the “mother of behavior therapy." She published, “A Laboratory Study of Fear: The Case of Peter."
  • Jean Piaget

    Jean Piaget
    Jean PiagetHe became the most well known theorist with his publication of, "The Moral Judgement of Children."
  • Erik Erickson

    Erik Erickson
    Erik EricksonHe came to the United States and became Boston Massachusetts's first child analyst.
  • Harry Harlow

    Harry Harlow
    Harry HarlowHe published the "Thematic Appreception Test" (TAT).
  • B.F. Skinner

    B.F. Skinner
    B.F. SkinnerHe published, "Behavior of Organisms."
  • Carl Rogers

    Carl Rogers
    Carl RogersHe developed client-centered therapy and published, "Counseling and Psychotherapy." His type of therapy encouraged respect and positive attitudes toward patients.
  • Abraham Maslow

    Abraham Maslow
    Abraham MaslowHe established the American Association of Humanistic Psychology. He published, "Motivation and Personality." He described his theory as a hierarchy of needs. He helped discover humanistic psychology.
  • Stanly Milgram

    Stanly Milgram
    Stanly MilgramStanley Milgram conducted shock experiments. He published one of his six papers about his shock experiments in, "Obedience and Authority." He did experiments pertaining to obedience.
  • Noam Chomsky

    Noam Chomsky
    Noam ChomskyHe published, "On Nature, Use and Acquisition of Language."