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Evolution of the Web

By Nejuf
  • The Commercial Internet Begins

    The Commercial Internet Begins
    Previously a private government system, the Internet was first served to the public through commercial Internet Service Providers (ISPs). Massachusetts-based ISP The World served its first internet customer in November 1989.
  • HTML 1.0

    HTML 1.0
    Working for CERN, Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML as a means of accessing data on another computer over the web. HTML 1.0 had only 22 tags, and was very basic; only really used internally
  • WorldWideWeb Browser (aka Nexus)

    WorldWideWeb Browser (aka Nexus)
    The first web browser and editor sprang into existence from the brain of Tim Berners-Lee at CERN.
  • CERN httpd Server

    CERN httpd Server
    CERN httpd was the first web server and was developed by Tim Berners-Lee to go along with his development of WorldWideWeb, HTTP, and HTML.
  • HTTP 0.9

    HTTP 0.9
    The first conception of HTTP, it was invented by Tim Berners-Lee, and always served and HTML page. It's only request type was GET.
  • ViolaWWW Browser

    ViolaWWW Browser
    Developed by Pei-Yuan Wei, it made significant graphical improvements to web browsing, such as hyperlinks as well as bookmarking. It became the most popular browser, but was limited to the X Window System. However, it had advanced features that surpassed HTML 3.0, such as applets and interactivity.
  • Erwise Browser

    Erwise Browser
    While one of the first web browsers with a GUI, Finnish student developed Erwise, was not able to supplant Nexus and was shadowed by the also graphical ViolaWWW.
  • Mosaic Browser (to become Netscape Navigator)

    Mosaic Browser (to become Netscape Navigator)
    Took the web browsing space by storm! It was developed by NCSA, and introduced a number of convenient features such as a URL bar, forward/back/reload buttons, and other interactivity.
  • WorldWideWeb (Nexus) Source Code Released

    WorldWideWeb (Nexus) Source Code Released
    The release of the Nexus source to the public domain made it easier for other developers to learn how to make and use web browsers.
  • IIS (Internet Information Services) Server

    IIS (Internet Information Services) Server
    IIS is Microsoft's proprietary web server software and used by Windows Server by default. IIS has had a number of web security vulnerabilities, and it was found that a particularly large number of servers hosting malware are using IIS.
  • Internet Explorer Browser

    Internet Explorer Browser
    IE overthrew the existing browser king at the time (Netscape Navigator), largely due to it being included with the Windows operating system. It's development stemmed from Windows licensing the Mosaic web browser's code. However, they did not charge customers for IE since it was bundled free with the Windows OS, they did not pay any royalties to Spyglass Inc. (Mosaic). Over the years, IE has had many iterations, and is currently on IE 11.
  • HTML 2.0

    HTML 2.0
    At this point, HTML became an accepted standard, but still not widespread. HTML 2.0 made basic improvements over v1.0.
  • Apache HTTP Server

    Apache HTTP Server
    Apache was the first widely popular web server software. It is still the most popular web server in-use today, due to the wide range of technologies that have been built around and upon Apache, such as the popular LAMP software bundle. In general, Apache prioritizes latency over throughput, that is providing a slower, but more consistent, delivery speed.
  • HTTP 1.0/1.1

    HTTP 1.0/1.1
    Dave Raggett added new HTTP features, a security protocol, and header and methods fields. HTTP 1.0 add POST, and HTTP 1.1 add OPTIONS, PUT, DELETE, TRACE, and CONNECT request types. HTTP 1.1 achieved popularity rather quickly, being supported by 65% of websites within a matter of months.
  • Opera Browser

    Opera Browser
    Starting with version 2.0, Opera has had small but dedicated support over the years. It's had it's greatest successes on mobile devices, being the 3rd most popular mobile browser and installed on Nintendo gaming systems.
  • HTML 3.0/3.2

    HTML 3.0/3.2
    HTML 3.0 was scrapped, and HTML 3.2 became the standard W3C Recommendation (it was developed exclusively by them too...). Math markup was removed from HTML, and Netscape's visual markup tags were adopted.
  • HTML 4.0

    HTML 4.0
    Over the years, HTML 4.0 became a web standard; a part of practically every website. Practically no development was made on HTML 4.0, after 2000, as W3C was focused on XHTML, which ultimately fizzled out.
  • IPv6 Standardized

    IPv6 Standardized
    Due to the growing popularity of the internet, the 4.2 billion IP addresses afforded by IPv4, are expected to be used up in the near future. The number of bytes used to represent an IP address is changed from 32-bit to 128-bit. The result is 3.403×10^38 available IP addresses.
  • Nginx Server

    Nginx Server
    Nginx (pronounced "engine X") is an HTTP server that is meant to be light-weight, fast, and able to handle concurrency. Due to it's complexity and a lack of supporting technologies, Nginx has had limited popularity among most web developers. However, for sites and web services that need exceptionally high performance, Nginx a popular choice.
  • Firefox Browser

    Firefox Browser
    Developed by the Mozilla Foundation, Firefox was the first wildly popular open source browser. It's support for user-developed plug-ins makes it the most customizeable browser to-date.
  • Safari Browser

    Safari Browser
    The Safari browser was developed by Apple and is based off of the WebKit engine. Similar to Internet Explorer, Safari achieved success due to it being bundled with the OS X (Mac) and iOS (iPhone, iPod, iPad) operating systems.
  • Google Chrome Browser

    Google Chrome Browser
    Exploding onto the browser scene in 2008, Google's Chrome browser has steadily grown to become the most popular web browser. Like Firefox, it is open-source (partially) and has a robust plug-in extension system. In fact, it was originally developed by former Mozilla employees. Tieing in Chrome to Google's other services such as Gmail, Youtube, and Google Docs, helped Chrome to supplant itself as the browser utility-belt. The use of V8, Google's custom JavaScript engine, makes it #1 performer
  • Node.js Server

    Node.js Server
    While not exclusive to web server software, Node.js made waves in the web server scene. Node.js enables servers to be created using JavaScript, giving them finer control than with Apache. Because front-end development is primarily in JavaScript, many companies, including Paypal, have switched to using Node.js to reduce the amount of translation needed between front-end and back-end developers.
  • HTML 5.0

    HTML 5.0
    By this point, video and audio had become exceedingly common on the internet, and HTML had little or no direct support for them. Coinciding with the growing popularity of mobile browsing, HTML 5.0 garnered a lot of hype. However, it's sub-par performance, especially in regards to audio, left many developers and companies disappointed. Despite the rocky start, HTML 5.0 has become widely accepted, as it does offer significant improvements over the old HTML 4.0.