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Events leading to the Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott, was a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, and sought to have a freedom as he was once free. He appealed to the Supreme Court hoping to be granted freedom. *This case showed that african americans can pursue their rights and go to court.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." *This case was a very big road step in the civil rights act as it abolished slavery and showed african americans are free.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    In 1896, Homer Plessy, a mixed man, was arrested for refusing to move out of the white section of train. He brought his case to the Supreme Court. They decided that segregation was legal, "seperate but equal. This case ruled in seperate but equal but it made african americans push harder for a better ruling.

    African-American civil rights organization in the United States, largest civil rights organization. *This formulation of this organization symboled all african americans fighting for their rights.
  • The 19th Ammendment

    The amendment declares all American women the right to vote. *This was a big step in civil rights because it declared women can now vote and they're no longer neglected by society
  • Strange Fruit

    In 1939 a song was released by Billie Holiday that spoke to members of the Civil Rights movement and was a great message to stop the lynching movement. *This song made media and people who were not in touch with certain affairs shocked, it explained the disgust in lynching and people made a stand.
  • CORE

    Congress of Racial Equality is an organization of members that fight for civil rights, believe all people are created equal. This organization fought for rights and wanted all people equal.
  • Armed Forces Integration

    On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed this executive order establishing the government to integrating the segregated military. "It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard.*This intergration also showed a big step in history as blacks started to feel apart of the society
  • Brown v. Education of Topeka, Kansas

    Segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal." *This case resolved the previous notion that seperate but equal is wrong and anything seperate should be looked down upon.
  • Emmett Till Killing

    Fourteen-year-old Chicagoan Emmett Till is visiting family in Mississippi when he is kidnapped, brutally beaten, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River. *This case showed a tragedy that could've been avoided if rights were actually settled down, made africans americans work even harder.
  • Rosa Parks Bus Incident

    Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger. In response to her defiance the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott. This was maybe one of the most popular incidents, showing that you stand for your rights and stick to it.
  • Integrated Montogmery Buses

    The Montgomery, Alabama, city buses became integrated on December 20, 1956, as a result of a successful year-long boycott by the African-American community. *This explained the fight and result of being persistent in what you know is right.
  • SCLC

    The SCLC becomes a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. *SCLC explained african americans fighting for their rights, dont have to use violence in order to get their way.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Rock Nine."
    *This gave african americans hope that their rights and history can finally be looked upon
  • Sit-Ins

    Sit-ins were easy, a group of students would sit down at a lunch counter and ask to be served. If they were given food or coffee, they'd move on down to the next counter. Once they were refused service, they would remain seated until served. This sparked movements everywhere for equal rights
  • Freedom Riders

    Civil rights activists that rode interstate buses into the segregated south to challenge non-enforcement of unconstitutional things.
  • Jackie Robinson Letter

    Jackie Robinson the famous black baseball player, writes a letter to JFK (current president) on civil rights issues.
  • James Meredith epidemic

    Meredith was the first african-american to attend the University of Mississippi and this caused a big commotion, resulting in JFK sending federal troops.
  • I Have A Dream Speech

    MLK Jr. delivered this speech to explain and voice to all people that everyone is created equal and and racial justice will prevail.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin. The law also provides the federal government with the powers to enforce desegregation.