Events from the History of Abnormal Psychology

  • 162

    Greek and Roman Times: Galen

    Galen, beilieved as Hippocrates did, that there were four bodily fluids that caused mental disorders. He was also the first known physician to use animals to study anatomy and the internal workings of a body.
  • Jan 21, 1403


    The Hospital of St. Mary of Bethlehem in London opened for the poor people in 1247. By 1403, it began to house peopel with mental disorders, these patients were referred to as "lunatics". the treatment and conditions of the "bedlam" were chaotic and cruel due to overcrowding.
  • Jan 21, 1486

    Malleus Malifacarum: The Wtich's Hammer

    The German authors, indicated in their booklet that witches and witchcraft was real. They described how to detect a witch and the various ways in which to test the individual to determine if they were a witch, such as burning them at the stake, dunking them in water, and other forms of torment.
  • Vincenzo Chiarugi

    Vincenzo Chiarugi instituted changes to his mental hospital in Italy, calling for changes to activities, exercise, and the treatment and cleanliness of patients. These changes were brought about because of the cruel and inhumane treatment of patients, that had been occuring at the bedlam and other asylums.
  • Franz Gall

    He surmised that the shape, lumps, and bumps on one's skull were indications of personality traits that an individual had.
  • Phineas Gage

    Phineas Gage, had a metal pole puntcure his brain. His personality was altered but his intelligence level remained the same, indicating that some part of the brain plays a part in personality.
  • Sigmund Freud: The father of Psychology

    He began using therapy as a way to help mentally ill patients. Although the ideas of how the mind works or the development of personality were not new, he did however create new ways to help individuals through therapy.
  • State Care Act: New York State

    The state of New York passed an Act to help the poor that were mentally ill to be moved into state operated hospitals and out of poor-houses. This enabled them to receive treatment for their illnesses. These were the first institutions for psychiatric research in the United States.
  • Egas Moniz

    Egas Moniz published his work on frontal lobotomies, as a form of care for patients with mental disorders.
  • Electroshock Therapy

    Elctroshock therapy was applied to the first human patient.
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    Events in the History of Abnormal Psychology