Early Australia History

  • Tasman's first vouage

    Abel Tasman set off to New Holland with a map and two ships. Strong winds pushed him off course to the south, and he sailed around what we now call Tasmania. He named it Van Diemen’s Land. Tasman then sailed home, but would later see Australia again.
  • Able Tasman's secound vouage

    Tasman set off from Batavia and sailed close to the islands. He went down the gulf of New Holland. Then went west down New Holland beside west of New Holland. They went past shark bay and stopped to enjoy the view Tasman commanded. After they went up north-west past Batavia and went home. Then later New Holland as he knows it is called Australia.
  • Dampier vouage to Australia

    Trader and bueaneer, William Dampier, put his ship aground for cleaning off the coast of Shark Bay. During this time, he learned about the local natives and collected plant samples. He then returned to England thinking The Great South Lands was not fit for inhabiting.
  • Captain cook vouage to the East side of Australia Part A

    Captain Cook sailed from India and visited the west, south-west and north of New Holland. Cook travelled along the island north of Australia, and Cook got chosen to do this by the British Admiralty and the Royal Society. James Cook chosen the ship called Endeavour because of its flat bottom, and it set off in August 1768, carring 94 people James had been given secret orders to Terra Australia and claim it for England.
  • Captain Cook vouage to the3 East side of Australia Part B

    Cook was planning to sail west until he reaches the legendary east coast of New Holland. He was setting coarse for Van Dieman’s Land wild winds pushed the ship northwards didn’t see the island at all. James and his companion were the first Europeans to stet foot on the eastern side of New Holland, and when they were putting the aground the natives after they put there ship aground the natives came at Captain Cook’s crew with spears Cook pulled out a gun, and fired musket shots in the air.
  • The First Fleet

    England decided to land the first fleet in Botany Bay in New South Wales. They appointed Captain Arthur Phillip to command the first fleet, and to act as the first governor. The English Navy give the first fleet two warships, as escorts. It took nine month to get enough ship for the firs fleet they got the ships off people and paid them a fare price like ship owners, merchants and trades made. They decide to call the south side of New Holland New South Wales in August 1786. It also took eleven m
  • The Industrial Revolution

    Around 1750, life in England change dramatically, Machines were invented and built to produce goods faster and at a higher quality than craftspeople could. As the factories were in the cities, everyone moved there. The cities became overcrowded, and because the workers were so poor crime rates sky rocketed. Punishments were harsh, and prisons overflowed. The Government decide to put prisoners on Hulks and transport them elsewhere.
  • Prison Hulks

    Before prisoners were transported to Australia, they were held on prison Hulks. Prison Hulks were very big ships that can’t float at sea or not sea friend and then when they got old they were put in the harbour to rot away, and then they had no use, and they were empty someone decided to put convicts on.
  • Repeat Offer

    Convicts who repeatedly broke the rules of penal settlements were sent to new, far away, even harsher settlements. They include Norfolk Island, Van die’s Land if you were thinking of escape and if you did twice you would be sent to Van die’s Land and if you escape from there you would be sent to Norfolk Island.
  • Convict Children

    Child convicts were often stunted because they did not receive enough food to eat. In the early days of the settlement, the children were treated the same as the adults. Eventually, boys were sent to separate establishments, but the girls stayed with the women in the female factories.
  • The First Convict Settlement

    Botany Bay (Sydney Cove) was the site of the first convict settlement in New South Wales. They chosen the south side of Australia or New Holland because the reports said it was lush and green because it will be good for farming so that the food will grow faster and healthier.
  • Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth

    Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth were graziers whose herds and flocks needed more grazing land to survive. They thought they could find new land beyond the Blue Mountains. They took some convicts slaves to help with their expedition. Most followed the rivers, but found they couldn’t get though. Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth chose to follow the ridges instead. New grazing land was found and they were rewarded with new grazing land.
  • Ludwig Leichhardt explores North-Eastern Australia

    Ludwig Leighhardt came to Australia to study plants and the environment. In 1844, he led an expedition to explore North Eastern Australia. The expedition was expected to last six months, but because of Liechhardt passion for botang it streched out to fourteen month! The man almost starved but they survived by eating wildlife, including drinking emu fat! His party was attack by Aborigines, but eventually made it to Port Essington alive.
  • Ned Kelly Part A

    Ned Kelly was 11 years when his dad died. He was 15 when he finished his term in prison. In 1878 they were running from the police as one tried to arrest Ned’s brother Dan, and Ned Kelly shot the police officer. Ned and Dan joined a gang with Joe Brayn and Steve Hardt, and they were all known as the Kelly gang. They got chased down Stringybark creek Ned Kelly killed three police officers. When the Kelly gang heard of the reward and everyone was chasing them down they went on a killing spree.
  • Ned Kelly Part B

    Ned’s gang fought there way into the Glenrowan hotel then the police surround them when they were in there. They made armor to reflect the bullets fling at them. IN the middle of the fight Brayn was shoot in the head, and Dan committed suicide and Ned was captured. Ned Kelly faced the Judge on October 1880 and sentence to be hanged. He was executed on 11th November 1880, and the legendary words he said were “Such is Life”.
  • Burke's and Will's expedtion Part A

    Burke an Irish police officer when he travelled to Australia he wanted to cross Australia from South to North plus there was a price for the first person that did it but he didn’t want it. The party set off from Royal Park. Gorge Ladells the camel expert was giving the camels and the party rum so Burke smashed all the rum bottles and William Wills he was promoted second in command. They made camp close to Cooper creek and they got there by the 20th of November.
  • Burk 's and Will's expedtion Part B

    They were 600km North of Menirdee depot LXV four men staried there and Burke and Wills attempted to make a ran up to the Gulf of Australia. Burke and Will reach the for LXV and on a tree it said DIG 3FT .N.W. and they did so and found the last of the supplies. Burke and Will followed Cooper Creek in hope to find a police outpost neer Mt Hopeless.
  • Burke"s and Will's expedtion Part C

    Burke and Will were helped by some aboriginals when they just paste Mt hopeless but when Burke saw one of them tring to take and oilcloth he shot his gun at one of them. But the story of Burke and Will gave early explores grate courage. But unfotshinoly Burke and Will died by starvation but it reminds us the inlands of Australia is a harsh and brutal place.
  • Federation of Australia Part A

    Before 1901, Australia was made of six colonies. Each of these colonies operated almost like a country of its own. Each had their own government, army service, flag, and railway gauges. This meant that you had to pass through change every time you moved across border! Sir Henry Park is now known as the ‘Father of Federation’ because he pushed for the colonies to form one single nation. He was an old man when he began the move towards a federation Australia.
  • Federation of Australia Part B

    unfortunately he died three years before it happened. After several referendum, a majority of people voted ‘yes’ to federation. Queen Victoria signed the paperwork and we became one nation on 1st January, 1901.