He calculated that the creation of Heaven and Earth took place in 4004 B.C.
It was a belief that living organisms developed from non-matter.
He classified life into different areas: kingdoms, classes, orders, genera and species.
Comte de Bufon
Speculates that living creatures evolve according to natural laws.
It specifies that not only God's existence but also his attributes are manifested in the intricate forms of nature.
Proposed that living things evolve to become more complex through time. He aclaimed that "vital forces" within creatures help them adapt to their environment.
He said that a series of catastrophes wiped out certain life in the distant past and that modern creatures are far too complex to have evolve naturally. Also he insists that life "stood still" between catastrophes.
He argued that slow-moving, gradual processes explain Earth's geology. His notion of gradual change was applied into Darwin's theory of how species evolve.
This was during 1831-1836. This was a Charles Darwin's 2 year around the world voyage, which extended to 5 years. He got commited to a life in science, discovering nature's laws. He also returned with fossils from South America and creatures from the Galapados Islands.
There was a fossil skull founded in Germany's Neander Valley. This skull was like a human's, but still it is different. Many wondered that Neanderthal was a separated act of creation.
Wallace was a young British explorer who wrote Darwin from Malaysia. He had a theory of how species evolve and stuck upon the theory of natural selection.
Origin of Species
It is the title from Darwin's book. It offered a wealth of evidence and proposes a coherent theory for evolution. This book challenges biblical literalism.
There was a debate in which critics attack Darwin's theory after publishing his book. Thomas Henry Huxley was in defense. He depicts the exchange as a confrontation between social conservatories and advocates of scientific progress.
Some scientists reject Darwin's theory of evolution, but few years after "The Origin of Species" was published, evolution is mainstream science. Many magazines, newspapers and even religious publications promoted evolution.
Descent of man
Darwin created his new book called" Decedent of man" in which stresses the importance of sexual selection in evolution. This passes along traits to future generations, individuals must be not only fit to survive, but also irresistible to the opposite sex.
Thomas Huxley went to US searching for interesting examples. He visited fossil hunter Othniel Charles Marsh who discovered stunning fossils of ancient horses. Both join together and created the story of modern horse evolution from a four-toed ancestor.
Darwin died, and his body was laid in a place of honor near the grave of Sir Isaac Newton. The Anglican Church accepted evolution and many people reconciled Darwin's view of life on Earth with their religious faiths.
Antoine Henri Becquerel dicovered radioactivity which leads to calculations of Earth's age. Techniques show that Earth is more than 4.3 million years old.
Critics and proponents of evolution wanted to discover a missing component between humans and other primates. A fossil skul called Piltdown man was this component. Years later scientist revealed it was fake.
First anti evolution bill
William Jennings Bryan, 6 Southern and border states consider anti-evolution proposals. In Oklahoma, a ban were placed on public schools textbooks that teach Darwin's theory.
Man like ape
Raymond Dart announced the it was founded a man like ape in a limestone quarry at South Africa. The fossils where along with a skull of an ancient baboon with a mysterious opening. Dart thought a man like ape ate it's brain. His theory that humans evolved through fierce hunting, horrified anti-evolutionists.
Because of the loss of sales in the South and West, publishers removed references to evolution from biology textbooks. The teaching of evolution stopped aorund the world.
During 1925-1930. 35 anti-evolution bills were proposed in 20 states and 3 others passed laws. Some restricted teaching evolution. South and West were affected.
Tennessee legislature passes a bill in which prohibits the teaching of evolution in publis schools. Many people argued about students rights of their education.
Scientists understand that random genetic mutations can cause changes in the traits of organisms, and that such inherited changes are then spread throughout a population by the mechanism Darwin called natural selection.
Since textbook were completely censored by many anti-evolutionists rulings, the teaching of evolution increased dramatically. Scientists estimated that less than half of all high school science teachers teach about evolution.
During 1947-1948. The supreme court stated that public schools should have evolution teachings. In 1948 a case banned religious instruction in public schools.
Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII considered evolution as a hypothesis. He leads Catholics to accept even human evolution by stressing a distinction between body and soul.
Origins of life
Stanley Miller produced amino acids which indicate that the first life on Earth may have arisen through natural processes.
Science knows that genes determine the traits of living things and that they are passed through generations. But they discovered the structure of DNA to unluck details of what genes are and how they work.
Human and Apes
Science researchers notice similarities between humans and apes blueprints. Vincent Sarich and Allen Wilson find evidence that humans are more close related to African Apes than African Apes are to Orangutan. They estimated that humans and apes share more than 98 percent of their genes.
Supreme Court on Evolution
The supreme court put end to all laws in which prohibit the teaching of evolution.
New technology now makes DNA sequencing relatively easy and inexpensive. Scientists now see, at a molecular level, how DNA has changed through time as organisms evolve.
During 1994-1995. Textbook who teach about evolution should especify that evolution is just a theory not a fact. That it is not intended to influence or dissuade the Biblical version of creation.
Pope John Paul II
He opened the door for Catholic acceptance of evolution.
19 US states do a weak reprehensible job of handing evolution in their science standards. 12 states shun the word evolution. 4 states avoid topics in evolution completely. Scientists and science teachers keep in mind that a large majority of Americans believe in God's faith.
With the first draft of the sequence of human genome complete, scientist see how related the humans are to other life in Earth. Beside sharing the same percent of genes with apes, humans also have common genes with fruit flies and yeast. This genomics show scientist how humans and other organisms had evolve over years