Bishop Usher from Ireland, calcultaed with Biblical references that the Earth was created in 4004 BC.
With new instruments, scientists can now study if live can arise from non-living matter in a new way.
Linnaeus tries to clasify all species on earth in kingdoms, clases, orders, genera, and species.
Comte de Buffon
Georges Louis Leclerc, says that all species evolve according to natural law. He also says that humans and apes are related, since all species come from a common ancestor.
William Paley states through Natural Theology, that not only God's existence but also, how he attributes manifest in the complexity of nature.
Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck said that living things evolve to become more complex. Also, depending on the use of and disuse different traits are passed to the next generation. Evolving helps them adapto to their environment.
Georges Cuvier examines fossils that became visible. He says that animals of today are to complex to evolve naturally.
Charles Lyell says that there is a gradual, slow change that changes the earth. He also sayas that the Earth is really old.
Charles Darwin is on his voyage through the world, discovering his basis for his evolution theory.
The founding a Neanderthal fossil, starts the debate that if all humans are direct descendants of Adam and Eve.
Russel Wallace tells Darwin his theory of evolution and that makes Darwin publish his work.
Origin of Species
Drawin publishes his book, where he has many evidences, and he writes that wild species evolve through natural selection.
Scientists attack Drawin for his theory about humans. Even though Darwin did not mention how humans evolved, it is clear that he also wanted to said that they evolved the same way as animals.
Many people accept the theory of evolution, although many people doubt about "natural selection" .
Descedent of Man
On his second book, Darwin talks about human evolution. It says the important of "sexual selection".
Fossils of horses where found. Scientists could see how evolution worked on them.
Darwin dies and is buried in Westminster Abbey. The Anglican Church accepts evolution.
Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity and with it they calculate that Earth is more than 4.3 billion years old.
People believe that a link between apes and humasn have been found, but years afterward the fossil is found fake.
First Anti-evolution Bill
States consider ant-evolution proposals. Oklahoma and Florida pass the first laws and those banned the teaching of Darwanism and his theory of evolution.
Raymond Dart says that a fossil of a prehistoric "man-like ape" has been found. The prehistoric man is speculated to be clever, since he killed a baboon and ate it,
The teaching of evolution is restrained. References of evolution have been deleted from the Biology textbooks in the South and West of the US.
A law is passed were public school teachers, are banned of teaching evolution. They could only teach about the Divine Creation.
35 anti-evolution bills are proposed in 20 states, three states pass laws. Many states restricted teaching of evolution.
With new scientific advances the theory of evolution is updated combining modrn genetics and Darwin's Theory. They say that random genetic mutations cause species to evolve and then spred through natural selection.
Teachings of Evolution is really low. Less than 50% of highschool teachers in the 1940s thaught anything abouth evolution.
The supreme court established that schools could not have any religious preference nor pass laws that aid religions or prefer one.
Pope Pius XII
The Pope says that Catholics should accept evolution since there is a difference between body and soul.
Origins of Life
Stanley Miller produces carbohydrates, which leads to knowing that the first life on Earth may have arisen through natural processes.
With the discoery of the structure of DNA, scientists know how traits are passed.
Humans and Apes
Scientist see that apes and humans's DNA ghave several similarities.
Supreme Court on Evolution
People challenge anti-evolution laws. Finnally, the Supreme Court lets the teachers teach about evolution.
New technology makes the reading of DNA codes easier and then how organisms changed through time could be see.
Some rules are adopted were all textbooks that contain evolution should also mention that it is controversial and a theory not a fact. That also it will not influence the Biblical version.
Pope John Paul II
The Pope supported what Pius XII said and said that it was remarkable. Because there were many proves and that scientists and researchers had accepted it.
19 states of the US do a weak job in handling evolution in there science classes. 12 of them avoid the word evolution and 4 avoid the topic completely.
With the Human Genome almost complete, scientists could find out how much related are humans with other species. Humans share more than 98 percent of their genes with the chimpanzees and they also have common genes wiith yeast and fruit flies.