Germany: Postwar Occupation and Division-After Germany surrendered in the war, they returned to see their country in ruins. The land was occupied by other nations and their infrastructure was in ruins.
-During this event, European powers were trying to figure out what to do with Germany, and Germany was rebuilding.
-Important:May 8, 1945- Marked the end of the war for Germany, and they started to rebuild.
- Key Groups:United States,Britain,France, Germany, and the Soviet Union.
-Key Outcome:Germany was split into West and East Germany
Chinese Revolution-It was caused by resumption of open war between the Communist Party of China and the Kuomintang (KMT),
- During the event, Mao Zedong would revolt against the KMT and eventually turn China into a communist state.
-1950- When Mao Zedong captured the Hainan Island, it brought the end of the revolution.
-Key groups- Communist Party of china, and the KMT.
-The outcome of the event was the China turned into a communist state.
Formation of the Eastern Bloc-After WW2, both the USA & USSR wanted more power, they were trying to make European countries into their forms of government. created. An alliance of countries on eastern borders that stood as a buffer between the Western world and communism.
-A treaty was formed called NATO, and to counter that the USSR made the Warsaw pact.
-Key individuals: Joseph Stalin & Mikhail Gorbachev
-The outcome saw the dismantle of the Warsaw pact and the Berlin wall fall.
Key Dates:1989-When the Warsaw dissolved
Berlin Blockade-The USSR was trying force negotiation of the distribution of Germany
-During this event, the UK, US,and France started to bring supplies through the air with airlifts.
-Dates: May 12 1949-The Allies agreed and the Blockade was lifted on
-Key groups- USSR, Germany, France, Great Britain, USA
-Outcome- The blockade was lifted
Marshall Plan-The cause for this event was Europe after WW2. They were completely destroyed after it and the US was trying to offer aid.
-During the event, the United States was assisting European economic recovery with direct financial aid. Military assistance to Greece and Turkey. They provided humanitarian assistance as well.
-Dates: 1945-1951; when this event was on-going.
-key individual: Harry Truman and George Marshall.
-The outcome was the many European states were able to recover quick.
Korean War-The cause was that after World War 2, Korea was split into North and South. North was communist and South was a democracy. The north wanted the whole country to unite into one.
-During this event, North Korea invaded the south, but the south was able to hold up because they were backed by the United States.
-Dates: June 1950 to July 1953
-Key Groups: North Korea, South Korea, and the USA
-Outcome: They stayed into two separate countries but their border was a demilitarized zone.
Cuban Revolution-The cause was Castro wanting to overthrow the oppressive Dictator named Fulgencio Batista.
-During this event, Soviet Union sent missiles and troops to support Castro because he wanted a communist government. The USA opposed this and it was a standoff between the USA and Soviet Union.
-Important date is 1959 when Castro was starting to rebel.
-Key Individuals:Fidel Castro, USSR, and USA
Outcome: Caused more tension between the USA and Soviet Union.
Rise & Fall of the Berlin Wall-The cause of this event was the split between East and West Germany. West Germany was apart of the democratic side and East Germany was apart of the Eastern bloc.
-During this event, a wall was built to separate West from east. This was because too many people were fleeing from East Germany.
-August 12, 1961: was when the wall was built
-Key groups: USSR and Germany
-After the fall of the USSR, the wall was taken down and Germany became a whole.
Bay of Pigs Invasion-The cause for this event was that the exiles wanted to overthrow Fidel Castro.
-During the event, the exiles were met with heavy fire because Castro knew they were up to something. Ultimately the event was considered a failure.
-Dates: April 17, 1961 was when the event occurred.
- Key Groups: Exiles, Fidel Castro, CIA
- Outcome: This invasion was a failure.
Cuban Missile Crisis-The cause of this event was when a U-S spy planes discovered that Cuba was building missile sites, and more USSR ships were arriving. This caused mass hysteria in the USA.
- During this event, tensions between the USA and USSR rose to their highest, which almost caused a Nuclear War.
- Dates: 1972- When the USSR reach the same nuclear capabilities as the USA, which is when their tension was at the highest.
-Key Individuals: Castro, USSR, and USA.
-Nothing happened as a result of the crisis
Vietnam War-The cause of this event was Nationalist trying to bring the country as a whole, under a communist party.
-During the event, the USA stepped in for the South Vietnamese. The USA lost their people's support and eventually lost the war.
-Dates: The war lasted from 1959 to April 30, 1975
-Key individuals: Ho Chi Minh
Outcome: The USA lost and people used this war as an example of what not to do.
Soviet War In Afghanistan-The cause of this war was the USSR fearing the loss of communist proxy in Afghanistan.
-During this event, it was a nine year conflict involving the Soviet
Union, supporting the Marxist government, against the Islamist Mujaheddin Resistance
-Dates: 1979-1989, which was how long the war lasted
-key groups: Marxist group in Afghan and the Mujaheddin Resistance
-Outcome: The sovirts withdrew from the battle and negotiated with the Mujaheddin.
Tienanmen Square Massacre-The cause of this event was a protest in the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1989.
-During this event, troops with assault rifles and tanks fired at the demonstrators and those trying to block the military's advance into Tienanmen Square. Many students were killed a result
-Key date-April 1989
-Key groups: PRC and CCP
Outcome- The whole world criticized China and the US put a sanction on China.
Fall of the Soviet Union-The cause of this event was an economic system that failed to require their peoples need.
-During this event, the empire split into 5 countries.
-Dates: December of 1991, was when the union separated.
-key groups: USSR Mikhail Gorbachev
-The outcome of this event was 5 new nations.
Cold War Digital Map