Https cnnnext dam assets 211220115509 03 cold war history 1946[1]

Cold War. Called the cold war because neither the Soviet Union or the US declared war on each other.

  • Greek Civil War

    Greek Civil War
    The Greek civil war was when Greek communists tried to gain control of Greece but were unsuccessful. This happened months before Nazi Germany's occupation of Greece happened. The war killed about 160,000 people.
  • Postwar occupation and division of Germany

    Postwar occupation and division of Germany
    After the war, the other countries wanted to divide Germany up into occupation zones. The Soviet Union was going to extend and Berlin would become 4 power control. This ended in 1950.
  • Chinese communist revolution

    Chinese communist revolution
    The revolution culminated with the Chinese civil war. This brought an end to warfare between the communist parties. The goal of this revolution was to preserve the communist parties.
  • Enactment of Marshall Plan

    Enactment of Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was a U.S. program that provided aid to western Europe after WWII. It provided $15 billion to help finance ad rebuild the continent. This included 17 western and southern European countries.
  • Berlin blockade and airlift

    Berlin blockade and airlift
    The Berlin Blockade and airlift was when the Soviet blocked roads, rails, and water access to allied-controlled areas of Berlin. The western allies responded with a massive airlift coming to west Berlins aid. This was to help out west Berlin.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    The Korean war was a conflict between the democratic peoples republic of Korea and the republic of Korea. About 2.5 million people lost their lives. North Korea eventually invaded the south.
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution
    The Cuban Revolution was an armed revolt in the mid 1950's. Led by Fidel Castro. The purpose of it was to overthrow Fulgencio Batista's regime.
  • Formation of the Eastern Block

    Formation of the Eastern Block
    The formation of the eastern bloc was a force formed in WWII and led by the USSR. Their goal was to invade several countries as soviet republics by agreement with Nazi Germany. Lots of countries formed this.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Vietnam war was was a very costly war involving north Vietnam and south Vietnam. This conflict intensified the cold war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. The U.S. entered to help prevent the spread of communism.
  • Hungarian uprising

    Hungarian uprising
    The Hungarian uprising was a national uprising that happened 12 days before Hungary was crushed by Soviet tanks. A big factor for this was the massive amounts of protests that the Hungarians were doing because of their lack of political freedom. They were also angry about their fuel shortages and poor harvests.
  • Bay of pigs invasion

    Bay of pigs invasion
    The bay of pigs invasion started when a CIA-financed and trained group of Cuban refugees attempted to take over the communist government. The attack ended up becoming a failure. The Cubans eventually shot them down.
  • Building the Berlin Wall

    Building the Berlin Wall
    During the cold war, the Berlin wall was built by the democratic republic. This was to prevent East Berlin to escape to West Berlin. This was divided in the city of Berlin and divided the city into two physically and ideologically zones.
  • Cuban missile crisis

    Cuban missile crisis
    In 1962 the Soviet Union began to secretly plant missiles in Cuba to launch attacks in the U.S. The crisis brought the two superpowers together extremely close to war before an agreement was made. JFK was the president of the U.S. during this time.
  • Prague Spring

    Prague Spring
    Prague Spring was an attempt to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia. There were less restrictions on media, speech, and travel. There was a lack of ordinary citizens.
  • Soviet War in Afghanistan

    Soviet War in Afghanistan
    The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan under the pretext of upholding the Soviet-afghan friendship treaty of 1978. The Soviets organized a military uplift. There were divisions of about 8,500 men each.
  • Solidarity Movement in Poland

    Solidarity Movement in Poland
    The Solidarity Movement in Poland led to anti-communist ideas. This weakened communist thoughts and communist governments. The solidarity was a broad anti-authoritarian social movement.
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre
    The Tiananmen Square Massacre was when troops armed with assault rifles and had tanks fired at demonstrators that were trying to block the military's advance in Tiananmen square. The Chinese wanted their political openness. They wanted to crush the protests.
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall

    Fall of the Berlin Wall
    The Fall of the Berlin wall crumbled 5 days after a massive protest in east Berlin. The wall was open and let people travel from east Berlin to west Berlin again. There was lots of pressure from the people.
  • Fall of the Soviet Union

    Fall of the Soviet Union
    The fall of the Soviet Union was caused by Gorbachev's decision to loosen the Soviet yoke on eastern Europe which caused a collapse of the Berlin Wall. Then the communists overthrew Eastern Europe. There was a great number or radical reforms that was also a cause for this to happen.
  • 9/11 attacks

    9/11 attacks
    On 9/11 four suicide terrorist's carried out an attack on New York City's world trade centers. This event killed almost 3,000 people. This affected security, defense, the economy, etc.