AbolitionAbolition was the movement o abolish slavery it became the most important of a series of reform movements in America.
Oregon TrailThe Oregon Trail went from Missouri to Oregon.
In 1836 two methodist missionaries named Marcus and Narcissa Whitman. They proved wagons could travel on the oregon trail
Pioneers migrated west on the Oregon Trail.
Most walked the Oregon trail pushing carts with some precious items, food, and other supplies. The trip took months but would make it there everything went well.
Manifest DestinyManifest Destiny is a phrase to express the belief the the U.S was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican and Native territory.
Americans believed that the destiny was manifest or obvious and inevitable
Missouri CompromiseIn 1818 settlers in Missouri requested admission to the Union.
Northerners and southerners had disagreed on whether Missouri should be a free or slave state.
Congress passed a series of agreements in 1820-21
Maine was a free state and Missouri a slave state
The rest of Louisiana Territory was split in two parts
South line slavery was legal North line besides Missouri slavery was banned.
Santa Fe TrailSanta Fe Trail was one of the busiest routes, it stretched from missouri to new mexico.
Every spring american traders load their covered wagons with goods and head towards Santa Fe.
The first 150 miles traders would travel individually but after they would fear being attacked by the Native Americans. Traders would band into groups of up to 100 wagons.
Stephen F. Austin goes to jailStephen F. Austin led several groups of American settlers to a fertile area alone the Brazos River.
He promised inexpensive land and Tejas.
Austin's plan didn't end up working as he hoped he ended up in jail in a mexican prison 12 years later.
After Austin was released he spoke about the impending crisis between Texas and Mexico.
The liberatorWilliam Lloyd Garrison wrote the paper
The Liberator was a newspaper about anti slavery
Nat Turner's RebellionTuner and more then 50 followers attacked four plantations and killed 60 whites. The whites eventually captured and executed most of the 50 including Tuner.
Texas RevolutionAfter Santa Anna suspended local powers in texas and other mexican states several rebellions broke out one being the Texas Revolution.
Texas enters the U.STexans hoped that U.S would annex their republic
The 1844 presidential campaign focused on westward expansion.
The winner of the campaign was James K. Polk he firmly favored the annexation of texas.
In March 1845 U.S texas negotiation on annexation.
On December 29, 1845 Texas entered the Union.
Mexican-American WarThe Mexican American war started on April 25, 1846 ending on February 2, 1848
The main cause of the war was the westward expansion of the United States.
Mexico claimed the Nueces River as its northeastern border while the U.S claimed the Rio Grande River both troops met at the Rio Grande and the Mexican army opened fire on April 25, 1864.
U.S victory Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
The North starThe North star was a newspaper about anti slavery, he named it the north star since that was the star that guided runaway slaves to freedom. Frederick Douglass wrote it.
Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoFebruary 2, 1848 the U.S and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and MExico and ceded the New mexico and California territories to the U.S.
The U.S paid $15 million for the Mexican cession that included what we now know as California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and most of Arizona, and parts of Colorado and wyoming.
Compromise of 1850Five different bills passed by the U.S congress in september bills passed by the United States Congress in September. This defused a political confrontation between the slave states and free states.
Fugitive Slave actPassed on September 18,1850 The Fugitive Slave Act was apart of the Compromise of 1850. This required that slaves would be returned to their owners even if they were in a free state. This also made the federal government responsible for finding and returning escaped slaves.