Civil Rights Timeline

  • Key

    🦮 Violence By Protesters
    🐄 Protest
    🦨 No Violence
    🐎 Legislation/Supreme Court Case
  • Emmett Till's Murder 🐄

    Emmett Till's  Murder 🐄
    In August 1955 two Mississippians bludgeon and kill Emmett Till, a 14-year-old black boy, for whistling at a white woman, their acquittal and boasting of the atrocity spur the civil rights cause. Emmett Till's mother had an pen casket funeral to show how they were discriminated. Later on, the white woman who was "whistled at" testified and stated that it actually never happened.
  • Founding of the Southern Christian 🐕

    Founding of the Southern Christian 🐕
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is a civil rights organization founded in 1957, as an offshoot of the Montgomery Improvement Association. Sixty black ministers and civil rights leaders met in Atlanta Georgia to try to replicate the successful strategy and tactics of the boycott. It was successfully staged as a 381 day boycott of the Montgomery Alabama's segregated bus system.
  • Little Rock Nine Crisis 🦨

    Little Rock Nine Crisis 🦨
    The Little Rock Nine were a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas. The Little Rock schools eventually closed because of segregation. Then the Little Rock Nine eventually completed their high school careers at other schools across the country.
  • Civil Rights Act 🐎

    Civil Rights Act 🐎
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. The act strengthened the enforcement of voting rights and the desegregation of schools. The act also prohibited discrimination in public accommodations and federally funded programs.
  • Cooper VS. Aaron 🐎

    Cooper VS. Aaron 🐎
    Cooper v. Aaron was a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States. It denied the school board of Little Rock, Arkansas, the right to delay racial desegregation for 30 months. It was stated in the end that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court ruled that the state of Arkansas could not pass legislation that would lessen the court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.
  • Greensboro Sit-In 🦨

    Greensboro Sit-In 🦨
    The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests in February to July 1960, primarily in the Woolworth store. It is now known as the International Civil Rights Center and Museum that is located in Greensboro NC. The Greensboro Sit-In's were caused by having "whites only" lunch encounters at the Woolworth Company.
  • Albany Campaign 🦨

    Albany Campaign 🦨
    The Albany Campaign was a desegregation and voters' rights coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, in November 1961. The movement was founded by local black leaders and ministers. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People also founded this campaign.
  • Freedom Rides 🦮

    Freedom Rides 🦮
    During the spring of 1961, student activists from the Congress of Racial Equality launched the Freedom Rides to challenge segregation on interstate buses and bus terminals. When the Freedom Rides lives were in danger, they were able to be nonviolent. The Freedom Rides eventually become a violent act due to the fact that the rides were only in the South which was where most people were for pro-segregation.
  • Birmingham Movement 🦮

    Birmingham Movement 🦮
    the Birmingham movement was an American movement organized in early 1963 by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to bring attention to the integration efforts of African Americans in Birmingham, Alabama. The movement was provoked by bombings on the night of May 11, 1963. The bombings targeted African American leaders of the Birmingham campaign, but ended in the murder of three young girls.
  • Hank Aaron’s Home Run Record 🐕

    Hank Aaron’s Home Run Record 🐕
    On April 8, 1974, Atlanta Braves star Hank Aaron hit his 715th career home run off Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Al Downing to break the revered record held by Babe Ruth. Aaron held most of the game's key career power-hitting records. He remained the career leader for 33 years. He was the first black to achieve this much success in baseball.
  • Mississippi Freedom Summer 🐄

    Mississippi Freedom Summer 🐄
    Freedom Summer was a volunteer campaign in the United States that was launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi. Over 700 mostly white volunteers joined African Americans to fight against voter intimidation and discrimination at the polls. The overall goal was to increase the number of registered Black voters in Mississippi.
  • Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools 🐎

    Swann vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools 🐎
    Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education was a landmark US Supreme Court case dealing with the busing of students to promote integration in public schools. The programs aimed to speed up the racial integration of public schools in the United States. Julius L. Chambers presented the case.
  • Shirley Chisolm’s Presidential Campaign 🐕

    Shirley Chisolm’s Presidential Campaign 🐕
    Shirley Chisholm represented New York's 12th congressional district for seven terms from 1969 to 1983. In 1972, she became the first black candidate for a major-party nomination for President of the United States. She also became the first woman to run for the Democratic Party's nomination.
  • Equality Act

    Equality Act
    The Equality Act prohibits under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, discrimination on account of sex, marital status or sexual orientation in places of public accommodation, and under color of State law. The Act provides a legal framework to protect the rights of individuals and advance the equality of chance for all. The overall purpose of this act is to eliminate discrimination.
  • Democratic National Convention 🐎

    Democratic National Convention 🐎
    The 1976 Democratic National Convention met at Madison Square Garden in New York City from July 12 to July 15, 1976. The assembled United States Democratic Party delegates at the convention nominated former Governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia for president. They also nominated Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota for vice president. Jimmy Carter gained 2,239 votes.