Civil Rights Timeline

  • The Rise Of The (KKK)

    The Rise Of The (KKK)
    Founded in 1866, the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) extended into almost every southern state by 1870 and became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the Republican Party's Reconstruction-era policies aimed at establishing political and economic equality for blacks. Its members waged an underground campaign of intimidation and violence directed at white and black Republican leaders. Though Congress passed legislation designed to curb Klan terrorism, the organization saw its primary goal–the reestablis
  • Passing of a law where it was lawful to have Blacks & Whites segrated

    In 1890, Louisiana passed a law that said that Blacks and Whites have to be separated while riding a train within the state. If a Black person were to be seen in a white car they could be fined $25 or be imprisoned for 20 days.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    In 1892, a 30-year old shoemaker named Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in a car for only white people on the East Louisiana Railroad. He had refused to move to a black car. Even though he was seven-eighths white and only one-eighth black, he was put in jail. The Louisiana law stated that if you had any black ancestors, you were considered black. Because of this, Plessy was required to sit in the "colored" or "black" car.
  • Henderson v. United States

    Henderson v. United States
    Ends segregation in railroad dining cars.
  • Announcement of desegregation

    Announcement of desegregation
    Ends segregation in Army for sure
  • New council is founded

    New council is founded
    Regional Council of Negro Leadership is founded
  • Executive Order 10479

    Executive Order 10479
    Anti-dicrimination committe is established.
  • Challenge of segregation laws

    Challenge of segregation laws
    Sarah Keys become the first person to challenge segregation laws on buses.
  • New Laws

    Supreme Court rules in favor of that people of idfferent race have equal protection.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    It was sixty-four years before the "separate but equal" law, started by Plessy v. Ferguson, was finally ruled against by the United States Supreme Court. In the Brown vs. Board of Education decision in 1954, it was ruled that separate was not equal in the public school system of Topeka, Kansas. After the Brown vs. Board of Education case, across the United States, it became illegal for Blacks and Whites to be required to go to separate schools.
  • New Supreme Court Case

    New Supreme Court Case
    Brown v. Education supreme court rules against separate but equal laws in schools.
  • Executive Order 10590

    Executive Order 10590
    Non-discrimination is enforced in public employment.
  • Emmett Till's Brutal Murder

    Emmett Till's Brutal Murder
    A fourteen year old boy is kidnapped, beaten and murdered when he whistled at a white woman.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Rosa Parks is arrested and starts the Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Tallahassee Bus Boycott

    Tallahassee Bus Boycott
    Bus Boycott starts in Tallahasssee Florida
  • Congregation is founded

    ACMHR is founded
  • Nine black students blocked from going to school in Arkansas

    (Little Rock, Ark.) Formerly all-white Central High School learns that integration is easier said than done. Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Rock Nine."
  • New crisis

    Little Rock Crisis
  • Sit ins

    (Greensboro, N.C.) Four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth's lunch counter. Although they are refused service, they are allowed to stay at the counter. The event triggers many similar nonviolent protests throughout the South. Six months later the original four protesters are served lunch at the same Woolworth's counter.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested

    Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala.; he writes his seminal "Letter from Birmingham Jail," arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
  • "I Have A Deram Speech"

    (Washington, D.C.) About 200,000 people join the March on Washington. Congregating at the Lincoln Memorial, participants listen as Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech
  • Bombing of A Curch In Alabama

    (Birmingham, Ala.) Four young girls (Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins) attending Sunday school are killed when a bomb explodes at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, a popular location for civil rights meetings. Riots erupt in Birmingham, leading to the deaths of two more black youths
  • Murder of three men two white and

    (Neshoba Country, Miss.) The bodies of three civil-rights workers—two white, one black—are found in a dam. They had been working to register black voters in Mississippi, and, on June 21, had gone to investigate the burning of a black church. They were arrested by the police on speeding charges, incarcerated for several hours, and then released after dark into the hands of the KKK who murdered them.