Civil Rights Movement in the USA 1950-1970

  • Capture and Enslavement of African men, women and children who were taken to the America’s for work on plantations and in mines.

    Capture and Enslavement of African men, women and children who were taken to the America’s for work on plantations and in mines.
    When the Eurpoeans came to Africa to capture people in order to use them as laborers in Europe, SOuth America and North America (colonies).
  • American Civil War

    The North (Union) won the war and the country rejoined together. All slaves were freed and the country was under 'Reconstruction".
  • Jim Crow laws - state laws, aimed at enforcing segregation between whites and blacks in the use of transport and public facilities and in the outlawing of marriage between the two racial groups

    These laws enforce segregation between colored and white people. The effects were at schools, hospitals, shops and even on buses.
  • This was the first year since 1881 without a lynching

    Lynchings were hangings usually done to colored people publicly to intimidate others. In 1968 it was banned but none have occured since 1952.
  • Brown vs Board

    Brown vs Board
    New law stating that separated public schools for black and white students are unequal. Known as, ‘The Brown Case’.
  • 1955-1956 – The Montgomery Bus Boycott

    1955-1956 – The Montgomery Bus Boycott
    A political and social protest campaign started in Montgomery, Alabama. The idea was to show opposition against the city’s policy of racial segregation on its public transit system. Put the bus systems out of business by not using the buses/not paying for that service.
  • Little Rock Nine

    9 Colored students are escroted by US troops into a previously all white school to prevent attacks from white protesters.
  • Sit - Ins

    Sit - Ins
    Black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina, stage the first sit-in at the “Whites Only” lunch counter of the Woolworth’s store.
  • The Freedom Riders

    The Freedom Riders
    Riders left Washington on May 4, 1961 and traveled without incident across Virginia and North Carolina. They encountered violence for the first time at the bus terminal in Rock Hill, South Carolina when several young white males beat black riders who attempted to use a “whites only” restroom.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Civil rights and labor organizations stage the March on Washington. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech before 250,000 people.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act, this act bans segregation in public places and racial discrimination by employers.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    In Alabama, police violence mars the Selma-to-Montgomery march protesting discrimination in voting. President Johnson signs the Voting Right Act, which outlaws literacy tests and other obstacles to black voting.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assasinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. Assasinated
    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. The man convicted of his murder, James Earl Ray, was sentenced to 99 years prison but he denied having anything to do with the murder.