Civil Rights Movement

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Court declared state laws establishing seperate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Prominent Civil rights lawyer. First african American justice of US supreme court. Brown vs board of education (1954) he was on team of lawers in case. "Seperate but equal doctrine" in public school system was overthrown as a result.
  • Earl Warren

    Earl Warren
    American Politician and jurist who investigated the assassination of JFK. He set up the Warren Commission to do so. He also served as Chief Justice in other important cases like Brown V. Board of education.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks refused to give up bus seat to white patron.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Civil Rigts Act of 1957

    Civil Rigts Act of 1957
    Goverment takes action to protect civil rights. Federal government is more interested in civil rights of the citizens.
  • SNCC

    Student Nonviolent Coordination Committe. Students orginized in North Carolina to fight white oppression. Started when group of black colege students refused to leave a Woolworth's lunch counter in N. Carolina.
  • Freedom Ride

    Freedom Ride
    A group of men and women, black and white, organized a protest to challenge the Jim Crow laws. called freedom rides because they boarded busses and seated interracially.
  • Martin Luther King Jr

    Martin Luther King Jr
    Know as nonviolent civil rights leader. Strugglesed against segregation in Georgia.
  • Medgar Evers

    Medgar Evers
    Civl rights activist from Mississippi. He tried to diminish segregation at the University of Mississippi. He was a feild secretary for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) . Whose mission is “to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination”
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    One of the largest rallys for human rights in U.S. history. M.L.K. JR gave his "I Have a Dream" speech at this rally. The estimated number of participants ranges from 200,000 to 300,000.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    Ended mandatory poll tax and this benefited African Americans. Before, this prevented any Africa Americans political jobs.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    Malcolm X founded the Organization of Afro- American Unity, which fought for the rights of African Americans. He also formed Muslim Mosque Inc. around the same time.
  • Nation of Islam

    Nation of Islam
    Malcolm X was forcibly removed from the Nation of Islam in 1964. The following is estimated to be between 20,000 and 50,000 people.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national, religious minorities, and women. Ended racial segregation at schools.
  • Freedom Summer

    Freedom Summer
    Campaign to encourage black voting in the state of Mississippi. This state had previously discouraged voting by African Americans. It resulted in aid with African Americans including Freedom schools and community centers.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    outlawed discrimination with voting practices. States no longer have a voting qualification or prerequisite in order to vote.
  • Black Power

    Black Power
    Movment that emphisized racial pride in blacks. Expresses range of political goals, from defense from racial oppression, to the establishment of social institutions.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    Origionally set out to protect black neighborhoods from poliece brutality. Membership peaked near 10,000 around 1969. The Panthers considered black nationalism as "black racism" and started to become more focused on socialism without racial exclusivity.
  • Kerner Commission

    Kerner Commission
    President Johnson organized a group of over ten people to investigate why there were so many race riots in 1967. They came to the conclusion that the press had a mlot to do with a racist society.