Civil Rights Movement

  • Emancipation Proclamation

    The Emancipation Proclamation was signed on January 1st, 1863 by President Lincoln to free all slaves from their masters to become citizens during the middle of the Civil War. This gave the ability for african american to enlist in the Union's military and own property and earn a living. Once the war was over, the thirteenth amendment was passed through Congress in 1865, abloshing slavery in the United States as they began reconstruction.
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    American Civil Right Movements

    When Lincoln freed the slaves in 1863 with the Emancipation Proclamation, a century long struggle began for the African-American race. They would eventually gain the right to vote, after much struggling through apartheid, the segregation of African Americans and Caucasians in public places. Everything from schools to stores to bus seating, even water fountains had "White Only" signs hanging above them. Even after the end of apartheid, many African-American people would stuggle from racism.
  • Thirteenth Amendment

    The Thirteenth Amendment was added to the U.S. Constitution after the Civil War ended, with the Union winning and had to be agreed upon by the Confederate States before they became states again and begin reconstruction. It abolished slavery in the United States and allowed african americas to recieve pay for their work and support their and their families lives and own property and have semi-equal rights, but not truly until the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • Abolishment of Slavery

    Abolishment of Slavery
    13th Amendment
    President Abraham Lincoln approves of the movement of the 13th amendment. Already passed by the House and Senate, the 13th amendment stated that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.". This is known today as the abolishment of slavery.
  • Jim Crow Laws Begin

    Jim Crow Laws Begin
    After the abolishment of slavery, a set of laws came to power. These were called the Jim Crow Laws. These laws began in the 1880's and quickly gained popularity across the United States. These laws made it possible for punishment to take place if members of a race intergrated with another race. This would begin what we know as Segregation.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Parks siteRosa Parks, a 42 year-old seamstress, boards a Montgomery City bus for the ride home. She sits behind the white section, but the bus quickly fills with people. A man requests she give her seat up for him. Tired, Parks quietly denies the request. She is arrested underviolation of the Jim Crowe Laws.
  • Little Rock High School Desegregation

    Little Rock High School Desegregation
    InformationAfter Brown vs. Board of Education, nine African American high school students were to intergrate into Centeral High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Mobs of white people formed, protesting the desegregation. The students did not sucessfully enter the school until September 23, 1957. However, mobs were so unmanagable that the students were rushed home soon afterward.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream"

    Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream"
    Vital civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., delivered his iconic speech "I Have a Dream" in Washington D.C. This speech described a brighter tomorrow where both races would be intergrated and live in peace. This would lead to the legendary March of 1963.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    On August 28th, 1963, a multitude of people gathered at Lincoln Memorial numbering about 250 thousand of all races to persuade the government to take action to stop racial discrimination and segregation. The day was just half a year past the 100th year anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Lincoln on January 1st, 1863. The march was televised of the nation to see, and Martin Luther King Jr. led the rally there and gave the "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a passage of legislature that “outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.”. While legislature had black males in mind, this was also monumental for another group that would experience discrimination during the 1900's, women. Southern Democrats would be furious about this movement, as this was the abolishment of the Jim Crow Laws.
  • Organization of Afro-American Unity is Created

    Organization of Afro-American Unity is Created
    Malcom X, John Henrik Clarke, and other leaders are the founders of the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU). It was believed to unite 22 million non Muslim African Americans. The organizations main goal was to reunite African Americans with their heritage. The OAAU was modeled after the Organization of African Unity (OAU), which was an composed of 53 African nations collaborating to provide the country a voice.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Almost a year after the March on Washington, the Civil Rights act was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to equalized all working opportunities for all people and public discrimination, leading to desgregation, become illegal. Other than the Emancipation Proclamation, this was the largest step for equal rights for all people, men and women, whites and blacks.
  • Malcolm X Residence Firebombed

    Malcolm X Residence Firebombed
    InformationMalcolm X SpeechWhile sleeping at home, Nation of Islam firebombs Malcolm X's residence. No injuries were reported. This is one of the many death threats that Malcolm X would recieve. Over a week later he would be assassinated infront of his family by Nation of Islam members.
  • Malcolm X is Assassinated

    Malcolm X is Assassinated
    Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City by Nation of Islam members before going on to speak at a rally for his organization. This was only one week after having his residence firebombed. His assassination had great impact on the movement
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination

    On April 4th, 1968 at 6:01pm, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot in the face by a sniper and was pronounced dead just over an hour later at a nearby hospital. He had just given his "I've been on a Mountaintop" speech to a relatively small grouping of people and had gone back to his hotel to rest. This event caused violenve and conflict between black people and the government to find the killer, but even the family did not believe who the government put behind bars was the killer.