Civil Rights Movement

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    The Supreme Court decided that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    On December 1st, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus to white person. She was subsequently arrested. Her defiance and resolution to fight for her rights inspired civil rights activists everywhere.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The black population of Montgomery, Alabama, decided to completely boycott transportation until they were allowed to sit wherever they liked on the buses.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    This foundation was started in 1957 with Dr. Martin Luther King as its first president. It played a monumental role in getting bus systems desegregated and in the civil rights movement in general.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    The Little Rock Nine was a group of 9 African American students who were integrated into a formerly all white school in Little Rock, Arkansas. They were the first black students to be integrated into a white school in the nation.
  • Greensboro Sit-ins

    Greensboro Sit-ins
    A group of college freshmen in Greensboro, NC refused to leave a white's only restaurant counter when asked to do so. This "sit-in" sparked other nonviolent resistance throughout the nation when it received lots of media attention.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    A group of civil rights activists determined that they should test the anti-segregation laws now in effect in the south. They attempted to do this by riding public transportation into southern states and using their new rights. This often sparked violent reactions.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Some 250,000 people marched into Washington DC in order to "force" the government to pass meaningful civil rights legislation.
  • "I Have a Dream" Speech

    "I Have a Dream" Speech
    Martin Luther King delivered a famous speech during the March on Washington. Below is an excerpt that captures its message: "And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing...
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Major legislation that outlawed major forms of discrimination against African Americans and women, including racial segregation, was passed in 1964, forever changing the nation.
  • Malcolm X

    Malcolm X
    Malcolm X was a civil rights activist who was more militant than many of his counterparts. Some accuse him of being a black supremacist. He was assassinated on February 21, 1965.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    600 civil rights activists set out to march form Selma to Montgomery in protest of continuing discrimination. Law enforcement beat them and used tear gas to drive them back into Selma.
  • Selma March

    Selma March
    This march was a continuation of "bloody Sunday." This time, it succeeded in making it all the way to Montgomery. It helped to secure voting rights for all people in America.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    This was another huge law passed that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in America.
  • Black Power

    Black Power
    This phrase was popularized by Stokley Carmichael in 1966. The movement was prominent in the late 1960s and early 1970s, emphasizing racial pride and the creation of black political and cultural institutions to nurture and promote black collective interests.
  • Stokely Carmichael

    Stokely Carmichael
    Stokely Carmichael was a black American activist who popularized the phrase "black power." He was a leading member of the Black Panthers.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    This was a group of black activists. They were more militant than many of their contemporaries. They disbanded in 1982.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Martin Luther King, Jr.
    On this day, Martin Luther King Jr was assassinated. He was a religious leader who believed in nonviolent resistance to gain rights. He is probably the single most recognized leader of the American Civil Rights Movement.