Civil Rights Era (1940-1970)

  • end of the white primary in georgia

    It forced Georgia to allow African-Americans to vote in the Democratic primary. But, the Democrats had other ideas…they wanted to make their primary’s a private club. Governor Ellis Arnall prevented that from happening, and the white primary neared its end. But, it would still be a struggle.
  • The 1946 Governor"s race

    Eugene Talmadge was elected governor in November, 1946, but died the next month. No one had thought to stipulate what happens if the governor-elect dies before taking office. Legally speaking, there has to be some sort of succession, but the constitution was silent on the issue. A legal “mess” resulted.
    Herman Talmadge (Eugene’s son) thought he should be governor because he had received write-in votes during the ’46 election.Herman Talmadge manipulated the Georgia Legislature into electing him
  • Brown VS Board of Education

    which ended legal segregation in public schools, is one of hope and courage. When the people agreed to be plaintiffs in the case, they never knew they would change history.
  • founding of student Non-Violent Coordinating Commitee (SNCC)

    The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), formed to give younger blacks more of a voice in the civil rights movement, became one of the movement's more radical branches. In the wake of the early sit-ins at lunch counters closed to blacks, which started in February 1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina, Ella Baker, then director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), helped set up the first meeting of what became SNCC. She was concerned that SCLC, led by MLR
  • the admission of Hamition & Charlayne Hunter into UGA

    Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes, the first African American students admitted to the University of Georgia, arrived on campus to register for classes on January 9, 1961. Protests and riots by white students who were opposed to the university's desegregation resulted in a temporary suspension for Hunter and Holmes, but the two soon returned to campus after a series of court orders and began their studies
  • The Albany Movement

    Martin Luther King Jr. was drawn into the movement in December 1961 when hundreds of black protesters, including himself, were arrested in one week, but eight months later King left Albany admitting that he had failed to accomplish the movement's goals. When told as a chapter in the history of the national civil rights movem
  • The March on Washington

    more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country. The march, which became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.’s "I Have a Dream" speech,
  • the clivil rightx act of 1964

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the nation's benchmark civil rights legislation, and it continues to resonate in America. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Passage of the Act ended the application of "Jim Crow" laws, which had been upheld by the Supreme Court in the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson, in which the Court held that racial segregation purported to be "separate but equal" was constitutional.
  • Election of Maynard Jackson

    Elected mayor of Atlanta in 1973, Maynard Jackson was the first African American to serve as mayor of a major southern city. Jackson served eight years and then returned for a term
    in 1990, following the mayorship of Andrew Young. As a result of affirmative action programs instituted by Jackson in his first two terms, the portion of city business going to minority firms rose dramatically