Civil Rights Era

By an18209
  • Brown v Board of Education of Topeka

    case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement.
  • Emmett Till

    Emmitt Till was brutally murdered at the age of 14 when he did the "wolf whistle" to a girl and then two guys in the south severely beat him to death and his body was later found. Mother insisted on an open casket to show every single person what these two men had done to her boy.
  • Rosa Parks

    Became famous when she refused to get out of the front of the bus and was arressted by the cops and taken to jail. Her decision impacted the Civil Rights movement tremendously because the Boycott on busses started. "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
  • Montgomery Alabama Bus Boycott

    This was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. Started on December 1st, 1955 when Rosa Parks refused to move out of her seat in the front of the bus and was arressted.
  • SCLC

    Was an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
  • Little Rock 9

    The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. By doing this, the idea of segregation was challenged heavily in the US and a major crisis came about.
  • Great Society

    Two main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the Proposed by LBJ in support of the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. New major spending programs that addressed education, medical care, urban problems, and transportation were launched during this period.
  • SNCC

    SNCC was founded in April 1960, by young people who had emerged as leaders of the sit-in protest movement initiated on February 1. SNCC pushed for non segregated lunch counters.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders were civil rights activists who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961 and following years to challenge the bus dilemma that was faced in the south. The Freedom Rides established great credibility with blacks and whites throughout the United States
  • James Meredith

    He was the first African American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi, an event that was a flashpoint in the American civil rights movement. His goal was to put pressure on the Kennedy administration to enforce civil rights for African Americans.
  • March On Washington

    Was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. This is where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream speech". The march is widely credited with helping to pass the Civil Rights Act (1964) and the Voting Rights Act.
  • Civil Rights Act Of 1964

    This outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and also women. It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public
  • Malcolm X

    In the beginning, Malcom X wanted separate communities for African Americans, where he could have positions of power, like with schools and businesses. He hated white people and wanted nothing to do with them. Then he went to Mecca, the holy city of Islam, and realized that integration WAS possible. Soon after that, he was assassinated.
  • Selma

    The city is best known for the 1965 Selma Voting Rights Movement and its Selma to Montgomery marches, three civil rights marches that began in the city. The marches were for the purpose of the constitutional right to vote and significantly advanced this nation closer toward its goal of "justice for all."
  • Kerner Commision

    was an 11-member commission established by President Lyndon B. Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots in the United States and to provide recommendations for the future.
  • Civil Rights Act Of 1968

    provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin. The Act was signed into law during the King assassination riots by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had previously signed the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law.