Civil Rights Era

  • End of the white primary in Georgia

    It forced Georgia to allow African-Americans to vote in the Democratic primary. But, the Democrats had other ideas…they wanted to make their primary’s a private club. Governor Ellis Arnall prevented that from happening, and the white primary neared its end. But, it would still be a struggle.
    • Primus King (below) registered to vote and then tried to vote at the Muscogee County Court House, in Georgia.
    • He was thrown out. Primus was represented by NAACP and other lawyers.
    • In King v. Chapman
  • The 1946 Governor's Race

    Georgia had just created a new constitution in 1945. In Article 5, the office of Lieutenant Governor was created. Issues of contested elections were covered as well as succession if the governor became disabled or died. What it did not elucidate was what happens if the “Governor-elect” dies before he takes the oath of office.
  • 1963

    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom (or "The Great March on Washington", as styled in a sound recording released after the event)[1][2] was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history [3] and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmon
  • 1954

    In 1951, a class action suit was filed against the Board of Education of the City of Topeka, Kansas in the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. The plaintiffs were thirteen Topeka parents on behalf of their twenty children.[5] The suit called for the school district to reverse its policy of racial segregation. Separate elementary schools were operated by the Topeka Board of Education under an 1879 Kansas law, which permitted (but did not require) districts to maintain separ
  • 1960

    The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) (pron.: /ˈsnɪk/) was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960. SNCC grew into a large organization with many supporters in the North who helped raise funds to support SNCC's work in the South, allowing full-time SNCC workers to have a $10 per week salary. Many unpaid volunteers also worked with SNCC on projec
  • 1961

    The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia, on November 17, 1961 by local activists, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The organization was led by William G. Anderson, a local black Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. In December 1961, Martin Luther King, Jr and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) became involved in assisting the Albany Movement with protes
  • 1942

    Charlayne Hunter was born on February 27, 1942, in Due West, South Carolina. The oldest child of Althea Ruth Brown and Charles S. H. Hunter Jr., Hunter

    Charlayne Hunter-Gault
    moved frequently during her childhood as her father, an army chaplain, was transferred from one base to another. Although her family lived together briefly during her father's postings in California, Ohio, and Indiana, Hunter spent most of her childhood in Covington and Atlanta. She and her brothers, Henry and Franklyn,
  • 1964

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241, enacted July 2, 1964) was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States[1] that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.[2] It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public ("public accommodations").
    Powers given to enforce the act were initially we