Civil rights

Civil Rights

  • Massachusetts Outlaws Slavery

    Massachusetts Outlaws Slavery
    Massachusetts outlaws slavery in it's borders.
  • Slave Importation Laws

    Slave Importation Laws
    The importation of slaves to the United States is banned by law and takes effect.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise enters Maine and Missouri as states, and decided which states slavery would be allowed in.
  • Slavery Abolished in Britian

    Slavery Abolished in Britian
    Slavery is abolished in the British Empire.
  • Slave Rebellion

    Slave Rebellion
    A Slave Rebellion takes place on the ship Amistead and results in a Supreme Court case.
  • Slavery Abolished in the US

    Slavery Abolished in the US
    The 13th Amendment abolishes slavery in the United States.
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman escapes slavery and becomes a conductor of the underground railroad. She freed more than 300 slaves.
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

    Dred Scott v. Sanford
    The Supreme Court upholds slavery in the case Dred Scott v. Sanford. This is regarded as a key cause of the Civil War.
  • Changes to the Union

    Changes to the Union
    Black people are allowed to enlist in the Union. Over 186,000 served in the Civil War.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation which helped to free slaves.
  • Truman signs Executive order 9981

    Truman signs Executive order 9981
    President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, which demands equal treatment and opportunity for all people in the army without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans. They unanimously agreed that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. Thurgood Marshall becomes the nation's first black justice.
  • Bus Boycott

    Bus Boycott
    In Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. The Bus Boycott is formed.
  • SCLC is formed

    SCLC is formed
    Martin Luther King, Charles Steele, and Fred Shuttlesworth establich the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) with King being their first president. The SCLC is a major force in organizing the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    At Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, nine black students are blocked from entering the school. Federal troops and the national guard are sent by Pres. Eisenhower to intervene. The students became known as the "Little Rock Nine".
  • Student sit-ins

    Student sit-ins
    In Greensburo, N.C, Four black students are refused service at Woolworth's lunch counter. Six months later, they're served lunch at the same counter. Around this time, student sit-ins took place in parks, pools, libraries, theaters, and such.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    During the spring and summer, many groups of "freedom riders" took bus trips through the south to test the new laws that prohibited segregation. Many of them are sttacked by angry mobs along the way.
  • James Meredith enrolls at UM

    James Meredith enrolls at UM
    James Meredith is the first black student to enroll at University of Mississippi.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    About 200,000 people march for civil rights at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. Martin Luther King gives his "I Have A Dream" speech.
  • Church Bombing

    Church Bombing
    Four girls; Denise Mcnair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Roberstson and Addie Mae Collins are killed from a bomb explosion at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The 24th Amendment abolishes poll taxes, which ahd been used during the Reconstruction to make it harder for blacks to vote.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibits discrimination of anyone based on race, color, or religion.
  • Malcolm X assasinated

    Malcolm X assasinated
    Malcolm X, a black nationalist, is shot and killed. It's believed that members of the Black Muslim faith were responsible.
  • Bloody Sunday

    Bloody Sunday
    Blacks march in Montogemry to support voting rights but are stopped by a police blockade. Fifty marchers were hospitalized . This was considered the catalyst for pushing the voting rights act through months later.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Congress passes the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which made it easier for southern blacks to register to vote. It also made voting restrictions for blacks illegal such as literacy tests and poll taxes.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    The Black Panthers are formed by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale.
  • Supreme Court Ruling

    Supreme Court Ruling
    In the case Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that banning interracial marriage is unconstitutional. Sixteen states that still banned it are forced to revise their laws.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. assasinated

    Martin Luther King Jr. assasinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. is shot and killed on the balcony outside his hotel room. He was 39. The person covicted of the crime is said to be James Earl Ray, an escaped convict and racist.
  • Civil Rights Restoration Act

    Civil Rights Restoration Act
    Congress passes the Civil Rights Restoration Act, overriding President Reagan's veto. This expands the non-discrimination laws in private institutions that recieve federal funds.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1991

    Civil Rights Act of 1991
    President George H.W Bush signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991 despite two years of debates and vetoes.
  • Race Riots in LA

    Race Riots in LA
    The first race riots erupt in south-central LA after four white police officers are acquitted by a jury for the videotaped beating of Rodney King, an African American.
  • Supreme Court University of Michigan Case

    Supreme Court University of Michigan Case
    The Supreme Court upholds the University of Michigan Law School's policy. It rules that race can be one of many factors considered by colleges when selecting their students.
  • Edgar Ray Allen Conviction

    Edgar Ray Allen Conviction
    Edgar Ray Allen is convicted of manslaughter on the 41st anniversary of the Mississippi murder crimes.
  • Coretta Scott Kings dies

    Coretta Scott Kings dies
    Coretta Scott King dies of a stroke at age 78.
  • Jimmy Lee Jackson Murder Case

    Jimmy Lee Jackson Murder Case
    James Bonard Fowler, a former state trooper, is indicted for the murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson 40 years after his death. The 1965 killing lead to a series of historic civil rights protests in Selma, Ala.
  • Civil Rights Act of 2008

    Civil Rights Act of 2008
    Senator Edward Kennedy brings in the Civil Rights Act of 2008, which includes ensuring that federal funds aren't used to subsidize discrimination, holding employers accountable for age discrimination, and improving accountability for other violations of civil rights and workers' rights.
  • Barack Obama elected President

    Barack Obama elected President
    Barack Obama is elected President of the United States on Nov 4, 2008.
  • Ricci v. Stefano Case

    Ricci v. Stefano Case
    In the Supreme Court case Ricci v. DeStefano, a lawsuit brought against New Haven, 18 plaintiffs, 17 white people and one Hispanic argued that results of the 2003 lieutenant and captain exams were thrown out when few minority firefighters qualified for advancement. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the firefighters.