Australian History

Timeline created by jake.hehir1
In History
  • 1604

    1604
    The Enclosure Acts began in Britain.
    -Landlords closing in farms
    -Did not allow landlords to improve their products in both quantity, quality and diversity
    -Most farmlands became a bigger industry
    -Put farmers out of work
    -Farmers had no work for the nobles
  • 1606

    1606
    The Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon, arrived at Australia in 1606.
    Willem Janszoon (1570-1630) was aboard the Hollandia, part of the second fleet dispatched by the Ductch to the Dutch East Indies (what is now Indonesia) in 1598. He owned a ship called 'The Duyfken'.
  • 1607

    1607
    The Spanish navigator, Luis Vaez De Torres, arrived at Australia on the 22 of May, 1607. The Torres Strait (the waterway that separates the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland, Australia, and New Guinea) is named after him. The group of more than 100 islands located in the strait are known as the Torres Strait Islands.
  • 1616

    1616
    Dirk Hartog (30 October 1518 - 11 October 1621) arrived at Australia in 1616. Dirk Hartog was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands and lived there too. The name of his ship was 'Eendracht'.
  • 1642

    1642
    Abel Tasman (1603-10 October 1659) discovered Australia on the 24 November 1642. He was born in Lutjegast, Netherlands. The name of his ship was 'Zeehaen'.
  • 1688

    1688
    William Dampier was an English explorer, ex-pirate and navigator who became the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. Born: 1651, East Coker, United Kingdom
    Died: March 1715, London, United Kingdom
    Nationality: English, British
  • 1760

    1760
    Steam powered machinery was a major event in Australia that began the Industrial Revolution. Steam engines were used in all sorts of machines and buildings including factories, mines, locomotives and steamboats.
  • 1775

    1775
    From 1788 to 1868, the British sent roughly 164,000 to America, in fact, over 52,000 prisoners were shipped to colonal America. Britain had been shipping convicts to America for decades before they started sending them to Australia. The reason that the british had to stop sending convicts to America was because of America's fight for independence.
  • 1787

    1787
    On May the 13, 1787, Captain Arthur Phillip was chosen to lead a fleet of 11 ships, halfway around the world from Portsmouth, England, to New South Wales. The extremely long journey took 252 days. They were heading to the recently discovered land of Australia to create a new penal colony. The Fleet arrived in Botany Bay on January 18, 1788.
  • 1787

    1787
    On May the 13, 1787, Captain Arthur Phillip was chosen to lead a fleet of 11 ships, halfway around the world from Portsmouth, England, to New South Wales. The extremely long journey took 252 days. They were heading to the recently discovered land of Australia to create a new penal colony. The Fleet arrived in Botany Bay on January 18, 1788.
  • 1788

    1788
    In 1785, the House of Commons decided that Australia was suitable as a penal colony. A penal colony is a settlement used to hold prisoners and use them for working in part of the state's (usually colonial) territories. New South Wales, a state in southeast Australia, was founded by the British as a penal colony in 1788.
  • 1788

    1788
    Arthur Phillip , a royal navy officer, became the first governor of Australia in 1788. He was born on the 11 October 1738, and died on the 31 August 1814. Arthur Phillip founded the British penal colony (that later became the city of Sydney, Australia), led a fleet of 11 ships that sailed hafway across the world, and made Australia a penal colony.
  • 1788 - 1793

    1788 - 1793
    The first free colonists arrived at Australia in 1788 on the first fleet, which carried more than 700 convicts. Many other colonists and convicts arrived at Australia in 1790, 1791 and 1793. Those ships also brought hundreds of free people to the colony, mostly soldiers and their families. However, the first people to be considered free settlers, arrived aboard the Bellona in 1793.
  • 1800's

    1800's
    Australia experienced a huge growth in population during the industrial revolution because of the large upgrade in transport, manufacturing, farming and many other businesses. The numbers of populaton in Australia during the industrial revolution rose extremely fast because of the availability of clothes, shelter, transport, jobs and food.
  • 1810

    1810
    Lachlan Macquarie, (January the 31, 1761 - July the 1, 1824), was the first governor of New South Wales in Australia from 1810 to 1821, who expanded opportunities for convicts and established a balance of power with the large landowners and sheep farmers. Lachlan Macquarie began a program that constructed many roads, buidings, structures.
  • 1851

    1851
    The Australian Gold Rush The discovery of gold in Australia was a major event. The gold rush transformed the Australian colonies. The Australian gold rush began in the 1850´s. The first discoveries of payable gold were at Ophir in New South Wales and then at Ballarat and Bendigo Creek in Victoria. Gold-seekers started pouring into the colonies in 1851, changing the course of Australian history.
  • 1911

    In 1911, Australia wholly divided into six colonies including Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western. All of these colonies were established by the British Government of Australia.