Australian History 1750-1918

  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    This was between 1750 and 1850 in England. During this there werer huhe advancement in technology, mining and factories.
  • Captain Cook

    Captain Cook
    Captain cook first can to Australia in 1770 in HM Bark Endeavour claiming Australia for the British Empire. He also charts the East Coast of Australia. He first landed in Australiain Botany Bay which is now where Sydney Airport is.
  • American Independence

    American war of independence therefore no more convicts can be sent to America. Australia has an even higher chance for settlement now because the British can't send the convicts to America anymore.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    THe first fleet was a fleet of 11 ships that travelled to Australia to start the colony in the land Captain Cook named 'New South Wales'. THe First Ship to arrive was HMS Suppley which artrived on the 18th of Janurary 1788 and the last of the ships arrived on the 20th of Janurary 1788.
  • Circumnavigating Tasmania

    Geoge Bass and Matthew Flinders were the first people to sail around Tasmania proving that it was an island.
  • Circumnavigatng Australia

    Matthew Flinders circumnavigates and maps Australia. It took him two years to do it from 1801 to 1803. He sailed north from Sydney then through Torres Strait then around Australia then through Bass Strait back into Sydney.
  • Newspaper

    The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser were the first newspapers published in Australia.
  • Hobart

    Hobart was founded in Van Dieman's Land which is now called Tasmania. It was first setteled there by Lieutenant John Bowen who was only 23 three at the time. There were 21 male convicts and 3 female convicts some sodliers and free settlers that came to Tasmania.
  • Croosing the Blue Mountains

    Croosing the Blue Mountains
    Three explorers, Blaxland, Lawson and Wentworth crossed the Blue Mountains for the first time.
  • Brisbane

    Brisbne was founded.
  • Burke and Wills

    Burke and Wills
    Burke and Wills die when trying to cross Australia from south to north on the return journey.
  • Melbourne

    John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner start a settlement in Port Phillp Bay.
  • Adelaide

    Adelaide was founded
  • Convicts Stop

    Transportation of convicts to mainland Australia stops.
  • Leichhardt

    Explorer Leichhardt vanishes in an attempt to cross Australia from east to west.
  • Eureka Stockade

    Eureka Stockade
    The Eureka Stockade was when the diggers in the mines fought back against the corrupt police force and demanded more rights, like being able to vote and for a truthful police force. The corrupt police was due to the gold rush becauce lots of workers went off to find gold so there wasn't anyone left to be in the police so they needed lots of policemen in a short ammount of time sot hey were untrained and would be easily bribed.
  • Name Change

    Van Dieman's Land was changed to Tasmania.
  • Melbourne Cup

    Melbourne Cup
    The Melbourne Cup is a world famous 2 mile race and is the richest 2 mile handicapped race in the world. It was first won by Archer who also won the cup the following year. It is marketed as "the race that stops the nation".
  • Truganini dies

    Truganini dies
    She was the last full blood Tasmanian Aborigine. She tried her hardest to save her people but they were misled and treated poorly. She was originally from a tribe in Oyster Cove, where her father was an elder. She died at the age of 64 in Hobart.
  • Ned Kelly

    Ned Kelly
    He was captured on the 28th of March 1880, and was hanged on the 11th of November 1880, at the Old Melbourne Gaol. HIs last words were "Such is Life". He was an Irish Australian bushranger who lived in Victora. He was concidered a cold blooded killer.
  • Gold in WA

    Gold in discovered at Kalgoorlie in Western Australia
  • Federattion

    The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed one nation. The first Prime Minister of Australia was Sir Edmund Barton.
  • WW1

    Britain declares war against Germany, bringing Australia into the war. Many Australains volunteered to go, and in the end more then 60,000 Australians died (which is more deaths than America suffered in the war). There were 70 million military personnel from all over the world.
  • Gallipolli

    The ANZAC troops landed in Gallipoli. The Australians landed under heavy Turkish fire and suffered heavy losses. Australia now remembers it as a national day with church services and marches throught the country. There are also cerermonies all around Europe on ANZAC Day.