Australian History

  • Australia has 2 majour groupings

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are the oldest continous cultures in the world. For more than 60 000 years, these rich and diverse indigenous people lived on the land which is now known as Australia.
  • First European sighting of the eastern coast of Australia

    Captain Cook, on the endeavour, made the first European sighting of the eastern coast of Australia. He charted the eastern coast all the way to the north tip of Cape York, claims it For England and called it New South Whales (NSW)
  • NSW's white population

    NSW's white population is close to 5,000. Nearly 3 quarters of the people are subsidised by government rations.
  • crossed the blue mountains

    indigenous people walked trade routes across teh blue mountains for thousands of years, but the European lead the first crossing from Sydney.
  • South Australia founded

  • Melbourne was found

    John Batman and John Fawkner, both sons of convicts found Melbourne.
  • Annual squatting licence fee

    Governor Bourke introduced annual squatting licence fees to regulate land use, and to try and stop squatters from killing indigenous Australians.
  • Britain extended self rule to colonies

    the 4 eastern central colonies - Victoria, NSW, SA, and Van Diemen's land (now called Tasmania) become self governing.
  • Male suffrage granted

    In November 1857, male suffrage was achieved in Victoria with the ending of the property qualification for Lower House elections.
  • first melbourne cup horse race

    First Melbourne cup horse race run. The Sydney outsider, Archer, wins the prize - 710 gold sovereigns and a hand-beaten gold watch.
  • Aboriginal children are inrolled in school

    he first aboriginal children are inrolled in public schools in NSW, marking a shift from previous missionary schooling. n a decade there will be 200 aboriginal children in public schools in NSW.
  • all children over 6 must go to school

    In Victoria, a 'free, compulsory and secular' Education act passed. All children over 6 must go to school.
  • Australian cricket team defeats England and the 'Ashes' are born

    the 1882 match is not considered to be part of The Ashes since it precedes the introduction of the trophy.
  • indigenous ffmilies seperated

    Aboriginal boards of protection are now given powers to force 'half - caste' aborigines to leave reserves. Indigenous families are now seperated by government intervention.
  • Australian labour party founded

    Australia got seperated into states : NSW, SA, Qld, Brisband WA, NT, Tas
  • The great shearers strikes

    from february until may 1890 queensland looked to be on the brink of a civil war. Soldiers protected non union labour and arrest strike leader. Unionists retalliated by raiding sheering sheds.
  • Women fight for the vote

    New Zealand women had become the first in the world to gain the right to vote in the national election. In 1894 South Australian Women were granted the right to vote followed by Western Australia in 1899, NSW in 1902 and finally Victoria in 1908. Australian women (except Aboriginal women)
  • WA becomes the last colony to accept federation

    the people of Western Australia voted to join the Commonwealth.
  • Federation of Australia

    The Constitution of Australia comes into force, as the federation of Australia is complete.
  • World War 1

    from 1914 to 1918 was the first world war and over 60 000 australian soldiers died. wrld war 1 was a global war and was centered in the middle of Europe