Captain James Cook• Captain Cook came to Australia in 1770
• James was stern and hot tempered but very handsome
• He captained a ship called the Endeavour
• James was born somewhere between 1728 on 27th of October
• Cook joined the Royal Navy in 1755
• He was an internationally known seaman in the 18th century
William Bligh• Between 1783 and 1787 Bligh served Campbell in the West Indian trade. Then he was the appointed commander and purser of H.M.S. Bounty, a ship bought from Campbell, to lead an expedition to procure bread-fruit for the West Indies. He sailed on 28 November 1787 and reached Tahiti eleven months later. But on 29 April 1789, soon after leaving there, the crew mutinied and cast off their commander with 18 'loyalists' in an open boat only 23 feet (7 m) long.
First Fleet• Captain Arthur Phillip and the first fleet arrived in Botany Bay with 750 convicts on 11 boats. • The names of all of the boats are Alexander, Charlotte, Scarborough, Prince of Wales, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Golden Grove, Borrowdale, Fishburn, HMS Sirius and H.M.S. Supply. • Captain Arthur Phillip named the place of the landing Sydney Cove after Lord Sydney, a man who helped to organise the voyage. • They left England on the 13th May 1787 and arrived in Botany Bay on the 26th Jan 1788
John Macarthur John Macarthur (1767-1834), the soldier, politician and pioneer of the Australian wool industry and Elizabeth Macarthur married on October 1788. They sailed to the new colony after John joined the New South Wales Corps in 1789.
At "Elizabeth Farm" in 1794 he began his first experiments in improving wool growth by crossing hair-bearing Bengal ewes from India with Irish wool rams.
By 1801, Macarthur was the largest sheep rarer in the colony
In December 1807 Bligh ordered Macarthur to appe
The Rum RebellionThe Rum Rebellion of 1808 was the only successful armed takeover of government in Australia's history. During the 19th century it was widely referred to as the Great Rebellion. The Governor of New South Wales, William Bligh, was deposed by the New South Wales Corps under the command of Major George Johnston, working closely with John Macarthur, on 26 January 1808, 20 years to the day after Arthur Phillip founded European settlement in Australia Afterwards, the colony was ruled by the military,
School for Aboriginals Opens• Governor Macquarie opens a school for aboriginal children in Parramatta which was called the ‘Native institution’ in 1814-1815
• Myall Creek Massacre. Near Inverell (NSW), British people shoot 28 Aboriginal people, mostly women and children. 11 Europeans were charged with murder but are acquitted. A new trial is held and seven men are charged with the murder of one Aboriginal child. They are found guilty and hanged.
• James Cook claims possession of the whole east coast of Australia.
John Glover- moves to Tasmaina• John Glover is a famous British/Australian artist, in his earlier years he lived in London but then moved to Tasmania in 1831 with his family.
• He acquired one of the largest land grants in Tasmania at that time, he named his new property Patterdale after his previous home in England.
• He was inspired a lot by wandering the English moors and Europe, then painted Australian landscape when he lived in Tasmania.
• William Payne also inspired him as he was his teacher.
William Wentworth• William Wentworth influence also contributed to the establishment of the first state primary education system in NSW, and he founded the University of Sydney in 1852. • William Wentworth returned to England in mid 1850s where he died in 1872.this was his main political rival, Henry Parkes, described William Wentworth as “ beyond doubt the ablest man in the community. • Birth of William Wentworth 1813 (Oswego, New York), lived United States, known as a Portrait painter. (Easel Painting)
The Eureka Flag• This design was first used for the war flag of the Eureka Rebellion in 1854. • The Flag of the Ballarat Reform league, the Southern Cross, now more commonly known as the Eureka flag, was first flown at a Monster Meeting of around 12,000 men held on 29th November 1854 at Bakery hill. • The Eureka Flag is the oldest flag in Australia.
Fremantle Prison is completed• The construction of Fremantle prison started on 1851 and finished on 1859 by construction of convict labour. The first prisoners moved into Fremantle Prison in 1855.
• During in the world wars the Australian army took control of part of the prison and used it for a military prison.
ConvictsDuring the period between 1788 and 1868, about 160,000 convicts were sent to Australia. What happened to them when they got to Australia depended on their skills or education, how they behaved themselves and some luck. The First Fleet carried 780 British convicts who landed in Botany Bay, New South Wales. Two more convict fleets arrived in 1790 and 1791, and the first free settlers didn' arrived until 1793. During this period, the colony of New South Wales was officially a penal colony.
Charles Todd and the telegraph• Charles Todd started the overland telegraph line in 1870 and when completed in 1872 spanned 3200km from Port Augusta to Darwin.
• The telegraph had 36000 poles and 36000 insulators.
• There was a single galvanised Iron wire that connected Australia to the rest of the world.
• Australia was connected to England by the undersea cable that reached Java and then was connected to Australia.