APUSH - Period 5

  • Nat Turner Slave Revolt

    Nat Turner Slave Revolt
    a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, in August 1831, led by Nat Turner. Rebel slaves killed from 55 to 65 people, at least 51 being white.
  • William Lloyd Garrison published the liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison published the liberator
    Garrison's most prominent abolitionist activity, he had been involved in the fight to end slavery for years prior to its publication.
  • American anti-slavery society begins

    American anti-slavery society begins
    an abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd Garrison and Arthur Tappan.
  • Sarah Grimke's letters on the equality of the sexes and the condition of women published

    Sarah Grimke's letters on the equality of the sexes and the condition of women published
    Sarah Grimké responded to Catharine Beecher's defense of the subordinate role of women
  • Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the slaves of the united states of america"

    Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the slaves of the united states of america"
    he shocked his listeners at the 1843 national convention of free people of color when he called upon slaves to murder their masters.
  • Women's rights convention at Seneca falls

    Women's rights convention at Seneca falls
    The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention. It advertised itself as "a convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman"
  • Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery

    Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery
    following a bout of illness and the death of her owner, Harriet Tubman decided to escape slavery in Maryland for Philadelphia
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Senator Henry Clay introduced a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and South.
  • Fugitive slave act

    Fugitive slave act
    was passed by the United States Congress on September 18, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850 between Southern slave-holding interests and Northern Free-Soilers.
  • Sojourner truth delivered her "ain't i a woman" speech

    Sojourner truth delivered her "ain't i a woman" speech
    speak out for the rights of African Americans and women during and after the Civil War.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe published uncle tom's cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe published uncle tom's cabin
    an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in 1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward African Americans and slavery in the U.S. and is said to have "helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War".
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
  • Republican party founded

    Republican party founded
    anti-slavery Whigs had begun meeting in the upper mid western states to discuss the formation of a new party. One such meeting, in Wisconsin on March 20, 1854, is generally remembered as the founding meeting of the Republican Party.
  • Kansas Nebraska act

    Kansas Nebraska act
    It allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    a financial panic in the United States caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy.
  • Lecompton constitution

    Lecompton constitution
    instrument framed in Lecompton, Kan., by Southern pro-slavery advocates of Kansas statehood. It contained clauses protecting slave holding and a bill of rights excluding free blacks, and it added to the frictions leading up to the U.S. Civil War.
  • Dred Scott decision

    Dred Scott decision
    the United States Supreme Court issues a decision in the Dred Scott case, affirming the right of slave owners to take their slaves into the Western territories, thereby negating the doctrine of popular sovereignty and severely undermining the platform of the newly created Republican Party.
  • Lincoln-Douglas debates

    Lincoln-Douglas debates
    a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate for the United States Senate from Illinois, and incumbent Senator Stephen Douglas, the Democratic Party candidate
  • John Brown's raid on Harper's ferry

    John Brown's raid on Harper's ferry
    an effort by abolitionist John Brown to initiate an armed slave revolt in 1859 by taking over a United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia.
  • Democratic party splits into northern and southern halves

    Democratic party splits into northern and southern halves
    The Democratic Party became so divided that they ran two candidates in the election of 1860: Northern Democrats nominated Stephen Douglas, while southern Democrats nominated John Breckenridge. This split the Democratic ticket in half, giving the Republicans, who nominated Abraham Lincoln, a huge advantage.
  • Abraham Lincoln elected president

    Abraham Lincoln elected president
    the 16th president of the United States
  • Firing on fort Sumter

    Firing on fort Sumter
    the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.
  • Confederate states of america founded

    Confederate states of america founded
    representatives from the six seceded states met in Montgomery, Alabama, to formally establish a unified government, which they named the Confederate States of America.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    particularly in the Southern United States, was a battle of the American Civil War
  • Gettysburg address

    Gettysburg address
    a speech that U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered during the American Civil War at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Emancipation proclamation

    Emancipation proclamation
    as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    considered the most important engagement of the American Civil War. After a great victory over Union forces at Chancellorsville, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.
  • Abraham Lincoln reelected

    Abraham Lincoln reelected
    In the United States Presidential election of 1864, Abraham Lincoln was re-elected as president.
  • General U.S. Grant assumed command of union troops

    General U.S. Grant assumed command of union troops
    Abraham Lincoln signs a brief document officially promoting then-Major General Ulysses S. Grant to the rank of lieutenant general of the U.S. Army, tasking the future president with the job of leading all Union troops against the Confederate Army.
  • Sherman's march to the sea

    Sherman's march to the sea
    a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia
  • Congress passed the 13th amendment

    Congress passed the 13th amendment
    the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
  • Arrival of scalawags and carpetbaggers in the south

    Arrival of scalawags and carpetbaggers in the south
    The term “carpetbaggers” refers to Northerners who moved to the South after the Civil War, during Reconstruction. Many carpetbaggers were said to have moved South for their own financial and political gains. Scalawags were white Southerners who cooperated politically with black freedmen and Northern newcomers
  • Johnson announced plans for presidential reconstruction

    Johnson announced plans for presidential reconstruction
    implemented a plan of Reconstruction that gave the white South a free hand in regulating the transition from slavery to freedom and offered no role to blacks in the politics of the South.
  • Andrew Johnson became president

    Andrew Johnson became president
    the 17th president of the United States
  • Ku Klux Klan formed

    Ku Klux Klan formed
    Six Confederate veterans from Pulaski, Tennessee created the original Ku Klux Klan
  • Lincoln assassination

    Lincoln assassination
    murderous attack on Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C
  • Lee surrendered to grant at Appomattox court house

    Lee surrendered to grant at Appomattox court house
    was one of the last battles of the American Civil War.
  • First congressional reconstruction act passed

    First congressional reconstruction act passed
    outlined the conditions under which the Southern states would be readmitted to the Union following the American Civil War (
  • 14th amendment ratified

    14th amendment ratified
    The amendment grants citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" which included former slaves who had just been freed after the Civil War.
  • Andrew Johnson impeached

    Andrew Johnson impeached
    The U.S. House of Representatives votes 11 articles of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson, nine of which cite Johnson’s removal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. The House vote made President Johnson the first president to be impeached in U.S. history.
  • South Carolina secedes from the union

    South Carolina secedes from the union
    South Carolina became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States.
  • U.S. Grant Elected President

    U.S. Grant Elected President
    As an American hero, Grant was later elected the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877), working to implement Congressional Reconstruction and to remove the vestiges of slavery. ... He was, as the symbol of Union victory during the Civil War, their logical candidate for President in 1868.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote.
  • Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War

    Period of “Redemption” after the Civil War
    White Democratic Southerners saw themselves as redeeming the South by regaining power. They appealed to scalawags (white Southerners who supported the Republican Party after the Civil War and during the Reconstruction Era.
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)

    Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
    The Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1873), was the first United States Supreme Court interpretation of the U.S. Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment which had recently been enacted. ... In effect, the amendment was interpreted to convey limited protection pertinent to a small minority of rights.
  • U.S. v. Cruikshank

    U.S. v. Cruikshank
    United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1876), was an important United States Supreme Court decision in United States constitutional law, one of the earliest to deal with the application of the Bill of Rights to state governments following the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    The Compromise of 1877 was an informal, unwritten deal, that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election. It resulted in the United States federal government pulling the last troops out of the South, and formally ended the Reconstruction Era.