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Period 5

  • Nat Turner Slave Revolt

    Nat Turner Slave Revolt
    Slave rebellion in Southampton County, Va. Around 50 to 60 people were killed, with most of them being white.
  • William Lloyd Garrison Published "The Liberator"

    William Lloyd Garrison Published "The Liberator"
    The first Anti-Slavery newspaper. This was important to spreading this way of thinking.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society Begins

    American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
    Called for the creation of a new government that had slavery banned.
  • Sarah Grimke's Letters

    Sarah Grimke's Letters
    She defended the right of women to speak in public in defense of a public cause.
  • Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to Slaves of the United States of America"

    Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to Slaves of the United States of America"
    Called for slaves to refuse work and demand freedom, and to use force if needed.
  • Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls

    Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
    Declaration of Sentiments demanded equal status between men and women.
  • Harriet Tubman Escapes from Slavery

    Harriet Tubman Escapes from Slavery
    She became a famous "conductor" for the underground railroad.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Consisted of five laws that were passed in order to deal with slavery.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    It required that if escaped slaves were captured, they would be returned to their masters.
  • Sojourner Truth Delivered Her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech

    Sojourner Truth Delivered Her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech
    It was a rebuke of many anti feminist arguments at the time.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin
    It is credited with helping make slavery less popular by givings faces to the slaves and their owners.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    A series of violent confrontations over the legality of slavery in Kansas.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Allowed the people in the two states to decide if slavery would be allowed in their borders.
  • Republican Party Founded

    Antislavery Whigs met up to discuss the formation of a new party.
  • Creation of the Radical Republicans

    Creation of the Radical Republicans
    Believed that blacks had the same rights as whites and wanted to eradicate slavery.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Declared that Dred Scott was not entitled to freedom, that African Americans could not be citizens of the U.S., and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
  • Lecompton Constitution

    Lecompton Constitution
    Written by slavery supporters in Kansas
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    Financial panic due to declining international economy and over expansion of the domestic economy.
  • Lincoln-Douglass Debates

    Lincoln-Douglass Debates
    Douglass was already an influential figure but Lincoln became a national figure due to these events.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

    John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
    A raid on a federal armory to try and start an armed slave revolt
  • Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves

    Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
    The party split into two parts during the 1860 election which caused Abraham Lincoln to easily win the election.
  • South Carolina Secedes from the Union

    South Carolina Secedes from the Union
    They were the first state to split from the Union over slavery.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    He won pretty easily since the Democratic party was split into two halves during this time.
  • Confederate States of America Founded

    Confederate States of America Founded
    They split from the Union and formed their own country over the issue of slavery.
  • Firing on Fort Sumter

    Invaded by Confederates and started the Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Union victory led to the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Had lots of casualties and was seen as the wars turning point.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Declared slaves in the Southern states free.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Given by Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldier's National Cemetery in Gettysburg a few months after the battle of Gettysburg
  • General U.S. Grant Assumed command of Union Troops

    General U.S. Grant Assumed command of Union Troops
    Grant would later go on to become the 18th president.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    Done to frighten Georgia's civilian population into abandoning the Confederacy cause.
  • Lincoln Reelected

    Lincoln Reelected
    Soldiers in the army gave most of their votes to Lincoln which helped him win.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    Was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while at a play
  • 13th Amendment passed

    13th Amendment passed
    Abolished slavery in the United States
  • Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
    The battle lasted only a few hours, and basically brought the war to an end.
  • Andrew Johnson became President

    Andrew Johnson became President
    Became president because he was vice president was Lincoln was assassinated.
  • Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction

    Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
    Regulated the transition from slave to free in the South and offered no role to blacks in Southern politics
  • Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South

    Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
    Carpetbaggers moved to the South after the Civil War and Scalawags cooperated politically with free black men and Northern newcomers.
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Created by six Confederate veterans.
  • Freedman's Bureau Established

    Freedman's Bureau Established
    Wanted to help freed blacks and poor whites after the Civil War
  • Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto

    Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto
    The act declared everyone born in the United States citizens
  • 1st Congressional Reconstruction Act Passed

    1st Congressional Reconstruction Act Passed
    Series of four laws that overrode the presidential veto of Johnson
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    Gave citizenship to everyone born/naturalized in the United States, meaning former slaves were free.
  • Johnson Impeached

    Johnson Impeached
    Johnson's removal of the Secretary of War was seen as a violation of the Tenure of Office Act.
  • U.S. Grant Elected President

    U.S. Grant Elected President
    Was a popular candidate due to his service in the Civil War.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    Gave African American men the right to vote.
  • Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War

    Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War
    Wanted to redeem the South by gaining political power over the Radical Republicans.
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)

    Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
    Limited the protection the 14th amendment gave.
  • U.S vs. Cruikshank

    U.S vs. Cruikshank
    One of the earliest cases to deal with the application of the Bill of Rights to State governments after the 14th amendment.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Ended the Reconstruction era and the Southern governments started to take freedom away from black people.