Period 5 By Robert H. 1831 Nat Turner Slave Revolt Slave rebellion in Southampton County, Va. Around 50 to 60 people were killed, with most of them being white. 1831 William Lloyd Garrison Published "The Liberator" The first Anti-Slavery newspaper. This was important to spreading this way of thinking. 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society Begins Called for the creation of a new government that had slavery banned. 1838 Sarah Grimke's Letters She defended the right of women to speak in public in defense of a public cause. 1843 Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to Slaves of the United States of America" Called for slaves to refuse work and demand freedom, and to use force if needed. 1848 Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments demanded equal status between men and women. 1849 Harriet Tubman Escapes from Slavery She became a famous "conductor" for the underground railroad. 1850 Compromise of 1850 Consisted of five laws that were passed in order to deal with slavery. 1850 Fugitive Slave Act It required that if escaped slaves were captured, they would be returned to their masters. 1851 Sojourner Truth Delivered Her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech It was a rebuke of many anti feminist arguments at the time. 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin It is credited with helping make slavery less popular by givings faces to the slaves and their owners. 1854 Bleeding Kansas A series of violent confrontations over the legality of slavery in Kansas. 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act Allowed the people in the two states to decide if slavery would be allowed in their borders. 1854 Republican Party Founded Antislavery Whigs met up to discuss the formation of a new party. 1854 Creation of the Radical Republicans Believed that blacks had the same rights as whites and wanted to eradicate slavery. 1857 Lecompton Constitution Written by slavery supporters in Kansas 1857 Panic of 1857 Financial panic due to declining international economy and over expansion of the domestic economy. 1857 Dred Scott Decision Declared that Dred Scott was not entitled to freedom, that African Americans could not be citizens of the U.S., and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional 1858 Lincoln-Douglass Debates Douglass was already an influential figure but Lincoln became a national figure due to these events. 1859 John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry A raid on a federal armory to try and start an armed slave revolt 1860 Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves The party split into two parts during the 1860 election which caused Abraham Lincoln to easily win the election. 1860 South Carolina Secedes from the Union They were the first state to split from the Union over slavery. 1860 Abraham Lincoln Elected President He won pretty easily since the Democratic party was split into two halves during this time. 1861 Confederate States of America Founded They split from the Union and formed their own country over the issue of slavery. 1861 Firing on Fort Sumter Invaded by Confederates and started the Civil War. 1862 Battle of Antietam Union victory led to the Emancipation Proclamation. 1863 Emancipation Proclamation Declared slaves in the Southern states free. 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Had lots of casualties and was seen as the wars turning point. 1863 Gettysburg Address Given by Lincoln at the dedication of the Soldier's National Cemetery in Gettysburg a few months after the battle of Gettysburg 1864 General U.S. Grant Assumed command of Union Troops Grant would later go on to become the 18th president. 1864 Sherman's March to the Sea Done to frighten Georgia's civilian population into abandoning the Confederacy cause. 1864 Lincoln Reelected Soldiers in the army gave most of their votes to Lincoln which helped him win. 1865 Lincoln Assassination Was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while at a play 1865 Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House The battle lasted only a few hours, and basically brought the war to an end. 1865 Andrew Johnson became President Became president because he was vice president was Lincoln was assassinated. 1865 Ku Klux Klan Formed Created by six Confederate veterans. 1865 Freedman's Bureau Established Wanted to help freed blacks and poor whites after the Civil War 1865 13th Amendment passed Abolished slavery in the United States 1865 Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction Regulated the transition from slave to free in the South and offered no role to blacks in Southern politics 1865 Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South Carpetbaggers moved to the South after the Civil War and Scalawags cooperated politically with free black men and Northern newcomers. 1866 Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto The act declared everyone born in the United States citizens 1867 1st Congressional Reconstruction Act Passed Series of four laws that overrode the presidential veto of Johnson 1868 14th Amendment Ratified Gave citizenship to everyone born/naturalized in the United States, meaning former slaves were free. 1868 U.S. Grant Elected President Was a popular candidate due to his service in the Civil War. 1868 Johnson Impeached Johnson's removal of the Secretary of War was seen as a violation of the Tenure of Office Act. 1869 15th Amendment Ratified Gave African American men the right to vote. 1870 Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War Wanted to redeem the South by gaining political power over the Radical Republicans. 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court) Limited the protection the 14th amendment gave. 1876 U.S vs. Cruikshank One of the earliest cases to deal with the application of the Bill of Rights to State governments after the 14th amendment. 1877 Compromise of 1877 Ended the Reconstruction era and the Southern governments started to take freedom away from black people.