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The Second Half of the Antebellum Era: 1836-1860

  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    An act passed by congress which ordered the region from the lakes to Ohio and Pennsylvania to the Mississippi River will be called "The Territory of the United States Northwest of the river Ohio:. There was no slavery or involuntary servitude except in punishment for crime.
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    Second Great Awakening

    A series of religious movements based on Methodism and Baptism. A religious philosophy of lifeline through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant.The improvment attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. It also had an effect on moral movements such as prison, the temperance movement, and reasoning against slavery.
  • The Cotton Gin

    The Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin to make it easier to pick and produce cotton
  • Slave Trade Act

    Slave Trade Act
    Britain abolished the Slave Trade which prohibited trading slaves in the United States.
  • The Plantation System

    The Plantation System
    The Plantation System allows the rich of the South to have African American slaves to produce cotton and keep the poor lower class. Also, this system became a huge benefit to southern women because they began to manage the household slaves while the men managed the field slaves.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    In 1819, Missouri wanted to be admitted as a slave state, but the House passed the Tallmadge amendment. Southerners saw the Tallmadge amendment as a threat to sectional balance and overthrew it in Senate. In 1820, Congress agreed to admit Missouri as a slave state.
  • The American Temperance Society

    The American Temperance Society
    The American Temperance Society is a movement to decrease the use of alcohol
  • The American Anti-Slavery Society

    The American Anti-Slavery Society
    William Lloyd Garrison founded the American Anti-Slavery Society formed a government to help African Americans get their freedom
  • Independence of Texas

    Independence of Texas
    Texas formally declared its independence from Mexico. The Texas Declaration of Independence was signed at Washington-on-the-Brazos, now commonly referred to as the “birthplace of Texas.”
  • The Panic of 1837

    The Panic of 1837
    The Panic of 1837 was a financial crisis in the United States that touched off a major recession that lasted until the mid-1840s. Profits, prices, and wages went down while unemployment went up. Pessimism abounded during the time.
  • The Lyceum Lecture

    The Lyceum Lecture
    The Lyceum lecture hall was a place where discuss on topics such as science, literature, and moral philosophy.
  • The Caroline Affair

    The Caroline Affair
    The Caroline affair was a diplomatic crisis beginning in 1837 involving the United States, Britain, and the Canadian independence movement. It began in 1837 when William Lyon Mackenzie and other Canadian rebels, commanding the ship Caroline, fled to an island in the Niagara River, with support from nearby American citizens. British forces then boarded the ship, killed an American crew member in the fighting, and then burned the ship and sent it over Niagara Falls.
  • The Oregon Trail

    The Oregon Trail
    The Oregon Trail, an over 2000-mile trail across America, was a common route to Oregon during the early 1840s.
  • Tyler Presidency

    Tyler Presidency
    When Tyler became president, he did not believe in the Whig party politics. He disagreed with them on many issues. As a result, they kicked him out of the party. They tried to impeach him saying that he misused his veto power. His policies regarding states rights caused conflicts and separation between the northern and southern states. This helped to cause the Civil War.
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    John Tyler's Presidential Term

    John Tyler became the 10th president after the death of President William Henry Harrison. He is the first president to not be elected to office. Also, President Tyler was a democratic in whig's clothing because he dislikes Andrew Jackson.
  • James K. Polk Presidency

    James K. Polk Presidency
    James Knox Polk was the 11th President of the United States. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee.
  • Mexican American War

    Mexican American War
    The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States from 1846 to 1848.
  • The Wilmot Proviso

    The Wilmot Proviso
    The Wilmot Proviso was designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the Mexican War. Soon after the war began, President James K. Polk sought the appropriation of $2 million as part of a bill to negotiate the terms of a treaty.
  • The Gold Rush

    The Gold Rush
    The California Gold Rush began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. Gold was found beneath the surface of California so many 300,000 people migrated to California to seek riches.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe

    Treaty of Guadalupe
    The treaty added Mexican territory to the United States, which were states like Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.
  • Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls

    Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
    The Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Fall was a movement for women to have the same rights as men did. They created the Declaration of Sentiments, which states "all men and women are created equal."
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Territory gained after Mexican-American War. It consisted of laws making California a free state, making Utah and New Mexico territories undecided whether or not its a free state or slave state by Popular Sovereignity.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Uncle Tom's Cabin is a novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe an american abolitionist from Connecticut. Uncle tom is a anti-slavery novel written to Awaken the north to the wickedness of slavery by speaking of it's inhuman ways. many copies were sold and later on as it got translated millions more were sold. In 1862 Harriet was introduced to President Lincoln and stated "so you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war." In fact Uncle Tom did and it was said to win it.
  • Charles Sumner (1811-1874)

    Charles Sumner (1811-1874)
    Charles Sumner senator of Massachusetts in 1856. He was a tall and imposing leading abolitionist. He was the most disliked person in senate despite being well educated he was known to be cold, humorless, intolerant, and egotistical. he spoke badly of pro-slavery man and senator Andrew butler. Butler's cousin Preston s. brooks of south Carolina took issues into his own hands and on may 22, 1856 he confronted Sumner sitting at his desk and beat him with an eleven ounce cane until it broke.
  • Dred Scott bombshell

    Dred Scott bombshell
    Dred Scott a slave wanted nothing more then his freedom.This case was called Scott vs. Stanford, he had lived with his master for 5yrs in Illinois & Wisconsin territory. Supported by abolition he sued his master for his freedom using the fact that he has been living on free soil. The supreme court made it into a political issue and saying that Scott was a slave and not a citizen he couldn't sue in the courts. later on the Missouri compromise was revoked 3yrs earlier by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • Lincoln Douglas debate

     Lincoln Douglas debate
    Seven debates that took place between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas. The issues or topic of the debates was slavery and they took place in seven different towns.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, also known simply as the Dred Scott case, was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on US labor law and constitutional law.
  • John Brown (1800-1859)

    John Brown (1800-1859)
    John brown was an abolitionist from West Virginia.He believe the only way to over throw slavery in the united states was armed insurrection.He was most famous for leading a group of bandits. With the intention invade the south with his handful of followers, brown obtain several thousand of dollars for fire arms from northern abolitionist then arrived in Western Virginia with some what of 20 men at Harper's Ferry incidentally killing 7 innocent people including a free black and hurting 10 people.
  • Presidential election of 1860

     Presidential election of 1860
    This was the Presidential election in which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.The electoral split between Northern and Southern Democrats particularly over slavery .
  • American Civil War

    American Civil War
    The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States fought from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America.