Dred Scott Case Historical Timeline

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    Historical Events Regarding the Dred Scott Case

  • Dred Scott Born

    Dred Scott Born
    Born in Southhampton County Virginia. Scott's Master was Peter Blow.
  • Mississippi added to the Union

    Mississippi added to the Union
    This was important because it created an uneven number of slave and free states because Mississippi became a slave state.
  • Illinois added as a state

    Illinois added as a state
    This was significant because Illinois was a free state that would later produce strong political leaders running for senate such as Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress. It prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory North of the parallel line (36,30) except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri. The document is a pivotal part in the Dred Scott case. According to this document, when Dred Scott lived as an illegal slave in Illinois and Wisconsin, (both free territories), he was free, and therefore Scott is free.
  • Scott moves to St. Louis with Peter Blow

    Peter Blow owned Scott and St. Louis turned out to be the place where Scott would undergo his first trials.
  • Peter Blow Dies

    Peter Blow Dies
    Scott bought by army surgeon Dr. John Emerson. Blow sold him in 1831 due to financial issues.
  • Scott marries Harriet Robinson

    Scott marries Harriet Robinson
    Scott marries Harriet Robinson in 1836 and the have two daughters, Eliza and Lizzie.
  • Emerson's Death

    Scott tried to seek his freedom from Mrs. Emerson in St. Louis for $300, but she refused. This led to Scott suing for his freedom in the courts.
  • Scott first goes to trial

    Scott first goes to trial
    Scott sues for freedom and he could not prove Emerson’s widow owned him. This image shows a picture of a St. Louis Courthouse.
  • Scott v. Emerson

    Scott v. Emerson
    In the St. Louis Circuit court, after a two-year delay due to the St. Louis fire and a cholera epidemic, the court ruled Scott and his family free. Irene Emerson transferred the ownership to her brother John. F. A. Sanford.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    This act says all runaway slaves, upon capture, were to be returned to their masters.
  • Missouri Supreme Court reverses decison of St. Loius Court

    Missouri Supreme Court reverses decison of St. Loius Court
    Scott's family was ruled they were still slaves. This image shows an official preserved document from the case.
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    Kansas Nebraska Act
    This act created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and allowed the settlers of the territories to determine whether slavery was permitted. Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois created the bill.
  • Birth of Republican Party

    Birth of Republican Party
    Anti-slavery supporters formed this party and Abraham Lincoln was elected president under this party. This image shows where the birthplace of the Republican Party was formed which was in Wisconsin.
  • Circuit Court upholds Decision of Missouri Supreme Court

    This leads Scott to appeal his case to the United States Supreme Court.
  • James Buchanan President 1857-1861

    James Buchanan President 1857-1861
    James Buchanan served as president when the Dred Scott decision was announced. It was believed that Taney told Buchanan the decision of the ruling two days before it was made. John Breckinridge was his vice president. Buchanan is often noted as one of the worst presidents ever in the United States.
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford Decision

    Dred Scott v. Sandford Decision
    The ownership of Scott and his family was transferred to Mrs. Emerson's brother, John Sanford, who lived in New York. Out of the nine Supreme Court Justices, seven were pro slavery including Chief Justice Taney. He said under his "majority opinion" that Scott was not a citizen and the Missouri Compromise of 1820 was an unconstitutional document.
  • Frederick Douglass Speech

    Frederick Douglass Speech
    He gave a speech regarding the Dred Scott decision. He was an advocate for abolishing slavery and believed Taney made a big mistake. Douglass believed that the decision went against God.
  • Abraham Lincoln Speech on Dred Scott

    Lincoln gave a speech regarding the decision. Lincoln believes that states should be free and he against the pro slavery states. Lincoln believed all men were born with inalienable rights, including the pursuit of life, liberty, and happiness.
  • Peter Blow's Sons buy Scott

    The sons had helped pay a lot of Scott's legal fees throughout the courts, and after the Supreme Court decision, they bought Scott and his family and gave them their freedom.
  • Stephen A. Douglas Speech

    Stephen A. Douglas Speech
    Senator Douglas gave a speech regarding the outcome of the decision. He faced Abe Lincoln in 1858 in the Illinois senatorial election. Douglas was a Democrat and Lincoln was a Republican. Douglas believed Congress had the power to pass laws regulating slavery in the territories.
  • Dred Scott Dies

    Dred Scott Dies
    Even though Scott dies, his court case affects events that occurred after his case ended.
  • John Brown rebellion

    John Brown rebellion
    John Brown and twenty comrades seized the armory at Harper's Ferry in West Virginia, hoping to use its massive arsenal in the struggle to forcibly end slavery.
  • 1860 Presidential Election

    1860 Presidential Election
    The four candidates were Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, Stephen Douglas, and the Constitution Union Party. The big decision of the election was whether or not to allow slavery.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Lincoln won the election ran under the Republican Party. He was assassinated in office. He led the United States during the civil war and gave several speeches against the Dred Scott ruling.
  • Confederacy Formed

    Confederacy Formed
    The Southern States formed a confederacy with former Senator of Missouri Jefferson Davis as president.
  • American Civil War Starts

    American Civil War Starts
  • American Civil War Ends

    American Civil War Ends
  • 13th Amendment Created

    13th Amendment Created
    Section 1.
    Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction. Section 2.
    Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
  • 14th Amendment Created

    14th Amendment Created
    Gave all people born in the US citizenship, expanded civil rights, and forbids any states from denying a citizen of life, liberty, or property, without a due process of law.
  • 15th Amendment Created

    15th Amendment Created
    This prohibits state and federal governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    These laws enforced racial segregation in the South until civil rights movement in the 1950s.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    This case upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities.
  • MLK Speech at Penn State

    MLK Speech at Penn State
    Martin Luther King Jr. gave a speech about the civil rights movement, and he talked about the Dred Scott case to about 8,000 people at Penn State.