APUSH: Timetoast Timeline (Period 5)

  • Nat Turner Slave Revolt

    Nat Turner Slave Revolt
    Resulted in the deaths of fifty-one southern whites. Pushed the need for the emancipation of slaves.
  • William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator

    William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator
    A weekly newspaper of abolitionist ideals.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society Begins

    American Anti-Slavery Society Begins
    Demanded an immediate end to slavery.
  • Sarah Grimke's Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published

    Sarah Grimke's Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published
    Demanded equal rights and attacked Catharine Beecher's belief that women were subordinate to men.
  • Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America"

    Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America"
    Encouraged slaves to rebel.
  • Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls

    Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls
    Demanded equal social status and legal rights for women.
  • Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery

    Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery
    Sparked the desire to return to slave-holding states and free her people.
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Strengthened Fugitive Slave Laws in the south and admitted California as a free state.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    Provided southern slaveholders with legal weapons to capture slaves who had escaped to free states.
  • Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech

    Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech
    Rebuked anti-feminist arguments.
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Violent civil confrontations over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Allowed the people of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether or not to admit slavery.
  • Republican Party Founded

    Republican Party Founded
    New party that opposed the expansion of slavery.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    Stated that African Americans were not citizens and could not file a suit against the United States court.
  • Lecompton Constitution

    Lecompton Constitution
    Contained clauses protecting slavery and a bill of rights excluding blacks.
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    Caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy.
  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    1858 debate between Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglass and Republican adversary Abraham Lincoln over slavery extension.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry

    John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
    Aimed to start a slave revolt/destroy the institution of slavery.
  • Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves

    Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves
    Split over the issues of slavery and the 1860 election.
  • South Carolina Secedes from the Union

    South Carolina Secedes from the Union
    Resulted in response to free states rejecting the Fugitive Slave Acts.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Led to the Civil War.
  • Confederate States of America Founded

    Confederate States of America Founded
    Led by Jefferson Davis, they seceded in response to the presidential election of Lincoln.
  • Firing on Fort Sumter

    Firing on Fort Sumter
    First battle of the American Civil War.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    Bloodiest day in American History. Resulted in Lincoln issuing the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    Union victory that stopped Confederate general Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Led the way to total abolitionism in the U.S.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Honored Union soldiers and the battlefield cemetery succeeding the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • General U.S. Grant Assume Command of Union Troops

    General U.S. Grant Assume Command of Union Troops
    Then-Major General Ulysses S. Grant became lieutenant general of the U.S. Army, leading all Union troops against the Confederacy.
  • Sherman's March to the Sea

    Sherman's March to the Sea
    William Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center for the Confederacy.
  • Abraham Lincoln Reelected

    Abraham Lincoln Reelected
    Obliterated the Confederacy.
  • Lincoln Assassination

    Lincoln Assassination
    Conspired to revive the Confederate cause.
  • Congress Passed the 13th Amendment

    Congress Passed the 13th Amendment
    Banned slavery in all American states.
  • Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House
    Union forces started to gain control of Virginia thus signaling the start of the end of the Civil War.
  • Andrew Johnson Became President

    Andrew Johnson Became President
    Assumed office after the assassination of Lincoln.
  • Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction

    Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction
    Set up four requirements for southern states to return to the Union.
  • Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South

    Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South
    Northerners started to migrate to the south to perform ex-slave labor for profit, while Southerners profited from the newly-acquired laborers.
  • Ku Klux Klan formed

    Ku Klux Klan formed
    Used scare tactics to oppress minorities and perpetuate white supremacy.
  • U.S. Granted Elected President

    U.S. Granted Elected President
    Marked the first Republican win during the Reconstruction Era. Grant was the youngest president ever elected at the time.
  • Freedman's Bureau Established

    Freedman's Bureau Established
    Created to assist former slaves and poor whites in the south after the Civil War.
  • Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto

    Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto
    Although Johnson vetoed it, Congress passed it stating that all citizens are equally protected by the law.
  • First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed

    First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed
    Laid out the process to for readmitting Southern states into the Union.
  • Creation of the Radical Republicans

    Creation of the Radical Republicans
    Created to prevent the Confederacy from reviving after the Civil War.
  • 14th Amendment Ratified

    14th Amendment Ratified
    Granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the U.S."
  • Andrew Johnson Impeached

    Andrew Johnson Impeached
    First U.S. president to be impeached.
  • 15th Amendment Ratified

    15th Amendment Ratified
    Granted African American men the right to vote.
  • Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War.

    Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War.
    Southern white Democrats wanted to redeem the south by regaining political power.
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)

    Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court)
    A citizen's "privileges and immunities, as protected by the 14th amendment against the states, were limited to those spelled out in the Constitution.
  • U.S. v. Cruikshank

    U.S. v. Cruikshank
    Led to an allowance of violence and deprivation of rights against the newly freed slaves.
  • Compromise of 1877

    Compromise of 1877
    Formally ended the Reconstruction Era.