APUSH: Timetoast Timeline (Period 5) By Mar'Quon 1831 Nat Turner Slave Revolt Resulted in the deaths of fifty-one southern whites. Pushed the need for the emancipation of slaves. 1831 William Lloyd Garrison Published The Liberator A weekly newspaper of abolitionist ideals. 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society Begins Demanded an immediate end to slavery. 1838 Sarah Grimke's Letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women published Demanded equal rights and attacked Catharine Beecher's belief that women were subordinate to men. 1843 Henry Highland Garnet's "Address to the Slaves of the United States of America" Encouraged slaves to rebel. 1848 Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls Demanded equal social status and legal rights for women. 1849 Harriett Tubman Escapes from Slavery Sparked the desire to return to slave-holding states and free her people. 1850 Compromise of 1850 Strengthened Fugitive Slave Laws in the south and admitted California as a free state. 1850 Fugitive Slave Act Provided southern slaveholders with legal weapons to capture slaves who had escaped to free states. 1851 Sojourner Truth Delivered her "Ain't I a Woman" Speech Rebuked anti-feminist arguments. 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe Published Uncle Tom's Cabin Helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War. 1854 Bleeding Kansas Violent civil confrontations over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas. 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act Allowed the people of Kansas and Nebraska to decide whether or not to admit slavery. 1854 Republican Party Founded New party that opposed the expansion of slavery. 1857 Dred Scott Decision Stated that African Americans were not citizens and could not file a suit against the United States court. 1857 Lecompton Constitution Contained clauses protecting slavery and a bill of rights excluding blacks. 1857 Panic of 1857 Caused by the declining international economy and over-expansion of the domestic economy. 1858 Lincoln-Douglas Debates 1858 debate between Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglass and Republican adversary Abraham Lincoln over slavery extension. 1859 John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry Aimed to start a slave revolt/destroy the institution of slavery. 1860 Democratic Party Splits into Northern and Southern Halves Split over the issues of slavery and the 1860 election. 1860 South Carolina Secedes from the Union Resulted in response to free states rejecting the Fugitive Slave Acts. 1860 Abraham Lincoln Elected President Led to the Civil War. 1861 Confederate States of America Founded Led by Jefferson Davis, they seceded in response to the presidential election of Lincoln. 1861 Firing on Fort Sumter First battle of the American Civil War. 1862 Battle of Antietam Bloodiest day in American History. Resulted in Lincoln issuing the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. 1863 Battle of Gettysburg Union victory that stopped Confederate general Robert E. Lee's second invasion of the North. 1863 Emancipation Proclamation Led the way to total abolitionism in the U.S. 1863 Gettysburg Address Honored Union soldiers and the battlefield cemetery succeeding the Battle of Gettysburg. 1864 General U.S. Grant Assume Command of Union Troops Then-Major General Ulysses S. Grant became lieutenant general of the U.S. Army, leading all Union troops against the Confederacy. 1864 Sherman's March to the Sea William Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center for the Confederacy. 1864 Abraham Lincoln Reelected Obliterated the Confederacy. 1865 Lincoln Assassination Conspired to revive the Confederate cause. 1865 Congress Passed the 13th Amendment Banned slavery in all American states. 1865 Lee Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House Union forces started to gain control of Virginia thus signaling the start of the end of the Civil War. 1865 Andrew Johnson Became President Assumed office after the assassination of Lincoln. 1865 Johnson Announced Plans for Presidential Reconstruction Set up four requirements for southern states to return to the Union. 1865 Arrival of Scalawags and Carpetbaggers in the South Northerners started to migrate to the south to perform ex-slave labor for profit, while Southerners profited from the newly-acquired laborers. 1865 Ku Klux Klan formed Used scare tactics to oppress minorities and perpetuate white supremacy. 1865 U.S. Granted Elected President Marked the first Republican win during the Reconstruction Era. Grant was the youngest president ever elected at the time. 1865 Freedman's Bureau Established Created to assist former slaves and poor whites in the south after the Civil War. 1866 Civil Rights Act Passed over Johnson's Veto Although Johnson vetoed it, Congress passed it stating that all citizens are equally protected by the law. 1867 First Congressional Reconstruction Act passed Laid out the process to for readmitting Southern states into the Union. 1867 Creation of the Radical Republicans Created to prevent the Confederacy from reviving after the Civil War. 1868 14th Amendment Ratified Granted citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the U.S." 1868 Andrew Johnson Impeached First U.S. president to be impeached. 1870 15th Amendment Ratified Granted African American men the right to vote. 1870 Period of "Redemption" after the Civil War. Southern white Democrats wanted to redeem the south by regaining political power. 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases (Supreme Court) A citizen's "privileges and immunities, as protected by the 14th amendment against the states, were limited to those spelled out in the Constitution. 1874 U.S. v. Cruikshank Led to an allowance of violence and deprivation of rights against the newly freed slaves. 1877 Compromise of 1877 Formally ended the Reconstruction Era.