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Civil War Timeline

  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolves

    Kentucky and Virginia Resolves
    The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions were primarily protests against the limitations on civil liberties contained in the Alien and Sedition Acts rather than expressions of full-blown constitutional theory. Later references to the resolutions as authority for the theories of nullification and secession were inconsistent with the limited goals sought by Jefferson and Madison in drafting their protests.
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    The Hartford Convention was a series of meetings from December 15, 1814 – January 5, 1815 in Hartford, Connecticut, United States, in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power. Despite radical outcries among Federalists for New England secession and a separate peace with Great Britain, moderates outnumbered them and extreme proposals were not a major focus of t
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was an agreement meant to settle the slavery issue that forbade slavery above the latitude of 36 degrees, 30 minutes, with the exception of Missouri as the only slave state North of it. Although it was meant to be a permanent solution for slavery, it lasted less than 35 years.
  • William Lloyd Garison writess "The Liberator"

    William Lloyd Garison writess "The Liberator"
    William Llyod Garison becomes tone of the most influential speakers and writes an abolitionist newspaper " The Liberator" with accounts to slavery. "Garrison made a name for himself as one of the most articulate, as well as most radical, opponents of slavery"
  • Mexican-American War

    Mexican-American War
    With the goal of taking Texas, New Mexico, and California, President James K. Polk began the Mexican American war with "manifest destiny" in mind, Northerners rightly thought of the war as an attempt to get more slave territory when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the U.S. a large amount of slave territory below the 36/30 line.
  • Wilmot's Proviso

    Wilmot's Proviso
    Wilmot's Proviso was a law proposed by David Wilmot to Congress with the purpose of banning slavery in the aquired territory from Mexico. It passed in the House of Representatives, butsouthern senators would not let it pass because with 15 free and 15 slave states, they would fight anything that could destroy the institution of slavery. Southerners thought that if the North got the senate, slavery would be abolished. This was key in ruining the North/ South relationship
  • Underground Railroad

    Underground Railroad
    Harriet Tubman escapes slavery to become the "Conductor" of The Underground Railroad, a comple system to help slaves make their way north of the Mason-Dixon line. Harriet tubman helped about 350 slaves escape slavery.
  • Fugitive Slave Act

    Fugitive Slave Act
    The Fugitive Slave Act was part of the Compromise of 1850 that allowed and encouraged slave holders tp find and retrieve their run-away slaves in the North. Northerners disagreed and were disturbed by the act of forcing free people back into slavery
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Admitted California as a Free state. Everything that was to be gained from Mexio was to be declared free. Fugitive Slave Law was a part of the comprimise of 1850. Under the fugitive Slave law everybody who comes in contact with a slave is immediately deputized and must turn the slave in to the authorities or the will have to pay a fine or go to jail.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Harriet Beecher Stowe's anti-slavery book angered both sides of the slavery issue. Northerners were angry because it showed how terrible slavery really was, and Southerners were angry because they felt it was an unfair and innaccurate depiction of slavery.
  • Formation of the Republican Party

    Formation of the Republican Party
    The Republican party began in Ripon, Wisconsin as a pary of the north that proposed the restriction of slavery in all territories. Sotherners saw this almost as a declaration of war.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas - Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing popular sovereignty, meaning the territories could decide by popular vote if slavery should be allowed or not. No other law did as much to divide the whigs as well as the Northern Democrats, who eventually joined together to form a Republican party
  • The Breakdown of the Two-Party System

    The Breakdown of the Two-Party System
    The Democrat party began to represent the beliefs of the south as the Republican party emerged. The two party system had promoted compromise, and this breakdown ended cooperation between the north and south. Since many candidates ran unopposed in their parties, they became very radical with their ideas on slavery.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    Bleeding Kansas is the term for a series of violence in the Kansas Terrirory from 1854-1858. Pro and Ani slavery activists violenty attacked and murdered each other during this time, making a compromise between the North and South virtually impossible.
  • Sack of Lawrence

    Sack of Lawrence
    The Sack of Lawrence was just one of the many attacks, this one specifically being the destruction of an anti-slavery center in Lawrence.
  • Conressman Preston Brooks of South Caroliona beat Charles Sumner of Massachusetts with a Cane

    Conressman Preston Brooks of South Caroliona beat Charles Sumner of Massachusetts with a Cane
    A southern congressman, Brooks, beat Sumner, a Northern congressman, with a cane after Sumner delivered a speach that attacked slavery as well as Brooks' uncle. Each became a hero in their sections of the country, but it caused even more anger between North and South because the "civilized" people who were supposed to create and maintain civilization were even becoming violent over the issue.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    The Supreme court ruled that congress couldn't restrict slavery in any terriritory, which nullified the Kansas/Nebraska Act and Missouri Compromise, and the North feared that slavery would be legalized everywhere. The court stated that states could't interfere with federal law, such as recapture of runaway slaves.
  • Lincoln and Douglas Debate

    Lincoln and Douglas Debate
    Lincoln Argued that the u.S. could no longer stay divided (half slave and half free) while Douglas argued for popular sovereignty. This angers the south, who sees Lincoln's speech as a threat.
  • John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry

    John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
    Northerner John Brown's plan to start a slave revolt failed, but Southerner's fears that the north was trying to arm slaves was confirmed. The south now believed that they could not live safely in the union.
  • 1860 Presidential Election

    1860 Presidential Election
    The southern democrats who supported slavery had Beckinridge as their candidate, and Lincoln, the anti-slavery Northern abolitionist, ran against him. Lincold won the presidency, and this made southern fears come true. The Federal Government was mostly controled by men who wanted to end slavery.
  • Election of 1860

    Election of 1860
    The Election of 1860 turned out to be two different races for presidency. Lincoln opposed expansion of slavery into territories and Douglass/Bell did not want new laws on slavery. Because the North had more people than the South, Abraham Lincoln won the election
  • Southern States Secede

    Southern States Secede
    On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union.
  • Confederate States of America formed

    Confederate States of America formed
    The states of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas form the Confederate States of America.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    After eleven southern states had seceded from the Union, Lincoln attempted to resupply Fort Sumter, and as long as the south didnt try to prevent this, there would be no war. The south decided not to appear as cowardly and attacked the fort, thus beginning the battle of the four year civil war.
  • The Crittenden Compromise

    The Crittenden Compromise
    This was the last effort to bring peace between the feuding sections of the country, as it brought back many of the same rulings as were made in the Missouri Compromise, with slavery allowed only south of the 36/30 line. Southerners accepted this because it would create new slave states, but the law did not pass because the North rejected it, as they did not want the expansion of slavery.