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Southern Events 1800-1861

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    Southern Antebellum Era

    Jefferson presidency to Lincoln's. Prelude to the American Civil War. Timeline covers topics regarding finance, politics, industry, transporation, role of women, minorities, and slavery. All events include informatin about the event, key individuals, and key locations.
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    Women's Temperance Movement

    Although Mainly in the north, Virginia also took part in this first temperance movement. The temperance movement was a crusade against alcohol The movement largely involved women as women were seen as the moral compass of american society, bettering Women’s political dominion as well.Temperance groups in the South were then weaker than their Northern counterparts and too voluntarist to gain any statewide prohibition law, and the few prohibition laws in the North were repealed by the war's end. B
  • The Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase
    Thomas Jefferson sends James Monroe to join regular minister Robert R. Livingston to buy New Orleans and as much land east of it for a maximum of $10 million, while Napoleon offers New Orleans and the whole Louisiana Territory for $15 million, which America accepts.
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    Burr Conspiracy

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  • Burr Conspiracy (Time Span Below)

    Burr Conspiracy (Time Span Below)
    Suspected treasonous cabal of planters, politicians, and army officers in the early 19th century, who collaborated with Aaron Burr. Aaron Burr was eventually arrested in New Orleans and tried for treason.
  • Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
    A stolen idea from a slave Eli Whitney's new cotton Gin came into effect in 1807, simplifying the process of the harvest of cotton. This lowered the price of cotton making even more popular in the South getting the name "King Cotton". The popularity also increased the declining slavery in the south granting riches to many plantations owners.
  • Steam Boats

    Steam Boats
    The Steam boat came to the United States in 1807 this made the key trading river of Mississippi even more important. It not only allowed traveling down the river faster, but gave the possibility of efficient upstream travel. Steam boats became a very profitable.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Signed in 1807 by Jefferson in response to the impressment of American sailors by the British. This discontinued all of the foriegn exports of American. The South having a surplus of raw materials had no where to outsourse it thus damaging the economy.
  • Congress of Importation of Slavery from Africa

    Congress of Importation of Slavery from Africa
    This was when the Americans decided to stop the importation of slaves from Africa. This was first brought up in 1807, but it was enforced on January 1, 1808.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    Country's first ever economic depression, caused by the mismanagment of the the revival of the recharter for the second Bank of the US. Caused because management of the BUS (William Jones the President) and requested to call in loans, even from state banks. This hurt the public because of the lack of debts being paid, and caused by overspeculation. South was affected because lack of demand of plantation goods, many suffered, many tried to diversify crops. Agricultral lives struggled.
  • Adams–Onís Treaty

    Adams–Onís Treaty
    Also known as the Transcontinental Treaty or the Florida Purchase Treaty, the Adams-Onís treaty was between Spain and United States. Spain ceded Florida to the US, and the boundaries between the US and New Spain were determined. It was driven by increasing tensions between the two nations.
  • Denmark Vesey Rebellion

    Denmark Vesey Rebellion
    Denmark Vesey was a slave until he bought his freedom for $600. He planned the rebellion on December 1821, but he never got the chance to enforce it due to the fact that the people [supporters of Denmark Vesey] got arrested and spilled the plan in Charleston, South Carolina.
  • The Forgers

     The Forgers
    Temperance birthed an entire genre of theatre. This was first seen in 1825, as The Forgers, a dramatic poem written by John Blake White, premiered at the Charleston Theatre in Charleston, South Carolina.
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    Tarrifs of Abomination

    Description in event above.
  • South Carolina Exposition

    South Carolina Exposition
    Protest Papers Written By John C. Calhoun to protest against the Tariffs of Abomination of 1828, although he never officially admitted that he wrote it. In the paper, South Carolina threatened to secede from the Union if the Tariffs were not repealed.
  • Tarriffs of Abomination

    Tarriffs of Abomination
    Due to the influx of cheap British goods into America the young Northern industry under John Quincy Adams. Due to the tax that were put on these cheap British goods the South had to buy goods that were generally of a higher price. This raised tensions in the South arguing that this act only benefitted the North while harming them.
  • Trail of Tears (Time Span Below)

    Trail of Tears (Time Span Below)
    A series of forced relocations of Native American nations between 1830 and 1850 in the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830It is estimated that of the approximately 16,000 Cherokee who were removed between 1836 and 1839, about 4,000 perished.
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    Trail of Tears

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  • Nat Turner Rebellion

    Nat Turner Rebellion
    A slave rebellion including around 70 black slaves led by Nat Turner, an African American slave, in Southhampton Country, Virginia. It ultimately failed, only lasting a few days, although it also left around 60 whites dead. Nat Turner survived hiding for more than two months afterwards.
  • Tariff of 1832

    Tariff of 1832
    Enacted under Andrew Jackson's presidency, written by John Quincy Adams. It reduced the tariffs of from the Tariffs of Abomination by 10%, or from 45% to 35%. The tariffs was created in responce to the nullification crisis and states rights protests, somewhat like a compromise could be made to satisfy the protestors.
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    The Nullification Crisis

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  • The Bank War (Time Span Below)

    The Bank War (Time Span Below)
    Started with the vetoing of Henry Clay's bill to renew the second Bank of the US, President Andrew Jackson veto is the first time a president has used the power not because it conflicts with Constitutional values. Nicholas Biddle (the president of the BUS) worked with Henry Clay to take down Jackson as apresident. Concluded with Jackson winning by siphoning out the funds from the federal BUS and giving them out to his pet banks. Eventually resulted in Panic of 1837, pet banks mismanaged funds.
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    The Bank War

    Description in event above.
  • The Nullification Crisis (Time Span Below)

    The Nullification Crisis (Time Span Below)
    Sothern States threatened to nullify the Tariffs of Abomination. John C. Calhoun resigns his post as vice president to run as a senate to defend nullification more effectively. Compromise Tariff of 1833 led to the repeal of Nullification Ordinance, which symbolize the end of the crisis.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    Economy falls into a depression after the separation of the BUS, the aftermath of the Bank War, massive over speculation, and poor economic policies by Jackson- ie. Species Circular. Panic actually happened during Martin Van Buren's presidency who is blamed for this chaos, even though happend becasue of Jackson presidency. Overspecualtion and debts from a large part of the US public were hurt severely.
  • John Deere Steel Plow

    John Deere Steel Plow
    With the development of the steel plow the souther plantation owners and yeoman farmers now can start to expand west faster. Prior to this invention getting new land ready for farming was really difficult especially with the roots of grass going inches deep. This invention made breaking dirt less laborious for the souther farmers looking to expand.
  • Texas Admitted To The Union

    Texas Admitted To The Union
    Texas was admitted to the Union as a slave state during John Tyler's presidency, despite both major American political parties, the Whigs and Democrats, were against this decision. This was largely because admitting Texas would unbalance the number of slave and free states, which could be dangerous in the then volatile political climate of the sectional controversies regarding slavery.
  • The Wilmot Privoso

    The Wilmot Privoso
    A proposed American law to ban slavery in all newly acquired territory from Mexico after the Mexican War. It was first proposed by David Wilmot on August 8, 1846, and was often reintroduced later on. For example, in 1848, there was an attempt to make it part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, but it ultimately failed in becoming a law. It contributed greatly to sectional tension between the north and the South regarding the issue of slavery.
  • The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    This was the peace treaty to end the Mexican War, and resulted in the US getting California, many other parts of the west, the Rio Grande as a border for Texas. Despite not being required, the US payed $15 million in compensation.
  • Compromise of 1850- Texas

    Compromise of 1850- Texas
    As a part of the Compromise of 1850 and Henry Clays "Omnibus Bill". Texas would relinquish their land to the US, but recieve $10 million in return, used to pay their debt to Mexico.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    An act which created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska by Stephen A. Douglas, a Democratic Senator from Illinois. The original purpose for the act was to open up thousands of new farmlands, as well as create a Transcontinental Railroad. However, the clause that had the most impact was the Popular soverienty clause, a law which allowed the two states to decide whether or not to have slavery in the boundaries using popular soverienty. Prelude to the Bleeding Kansas.
  • Bleeding Kansas (Time Span Below)

    Bleeding Kansas (Time Span Below)
    A series of violent political confrontation between anti-slavery elements and pro-slavery elements in Kansas following the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Driven by the settler voting procedure that was created in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which was to determine whether Kansas would enter the Union as a slave state or a free state. Essentially a clash between anti-slavery forces of the North and pro-slavery forces of the South. At least 50 killed in total.
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    Bleeding Kansas

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  • Preston Brooks vs. Charles Sumner

    Preston Brooks vs. Charles Sumner
    This event occured on the floor of the Senate of the United States; it was driven by the issue of slavery. Preston Brooks, a fervant advocate of slavery and Democratic Representative from South Carolina, uses a cane to beat up Charles Sumner, a Republican from Massachuetts, who was one of the leaders of the antislavery& abolitionist cause.
  • Panic of 1857

    Panic of 1857
    Another depression caused by western expansion and domestic economic problems and instablity. Southern famrers affected, lack of demand for produts lead to economic problems. Westward expansion resulted in many companies and people taking loans from banks and also investing. The Panic started withthe failing of the New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Company, many tried to retrieve their money, but couldnt becaue banks deal in metal.
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    John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry

    John Brown wanted to stop slavery by creating an extreme uprising from the slaves. John Brown wanted to create somewhat of a war in order to create a new revolution, so he provided guns and weaponary for the slaves to fight. This happened in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, or todays West Virginia.
  • John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry

    John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry
    John Brown wanted to stop slavery by creating an extreme uprising from the slaves. John Brown wanted to create somewhat of a war in order to create a new revolution, so he provided guns and weaponary for the slaves to fight. This happened in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, or todays West Virginia.