APUSH Period 4

  • Second Great Awakening Began

    Second Great Awakening Began
    Protestant religious revival. New preachers and conversion tactics.
  • Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin
    During Industrial Revolution. Demand for cotton doubled, and the south made for 2/3 of the worlds Cotton Production resulted in the use of more slaves
  • Thomas Jefferson was Elected President

    Thomas Jefferson was Elected President
    Election of 1800 between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Federalists against Jefferson.
  • Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt

    Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt
    50 slaves in VA organized revolt. 2 snitched, and 25 were murdered because Gov. James Monroe called military action.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Jefferson's great plan for westward expansion. Napoleon, a leader in the French Revolution at the time, threatened to block the New Orleans and Mississippi River ports, but offered to sell Louisiana for $15 million. Jefferson accepted and doubled the size of the U.S.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    Supreme Court declared principle that a court may declare and act of Congress if it inconsistent with the Constitution.
  • Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Attempting to find a route across the west from Missouri River, and get terrain details of the west including resources.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    Congress stopped exports from the U.S. until British and French stopped interference with merchant ships. Ended 1809.
  • Chesapeake-Leopard Affair

    Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    British ship Leopard attack American ship Chesapeake. British tried to find Royal Navy escapees, killing 20 Americans. Americans call for war.
  • James Madison Elected President

    James Madison Elected President
    Democratic-Republican candidate. Embargo act repealed, Non-Intercourse Act introduced and ignored.
  • Non-Intercourse Act

    Non-Intercourse Act
    During James Madison's Presidency. Embargo only against Great Britain and France (due to the harmful effect of the Embargo Act on the American Economy)
  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    Rush-Bagot Treaty
    Agreement of United State and Great Britain, separate at the 49th parallel. Eased tensions of the War of 1812.
  • Death of Tecumseh

    Death of Tecumseh
    Shawnee Chief Killed at the battle of Thames. Bonded Native leaders together. Fierce enemy, many people claimed to have killed him.
  • The British Burn Washington DC

    The British Burn Washington DC
    British troops override American troops after arriving from Napoleonic Wars in Europe, and burned the city of Washington D.C.
  • Harford Convention

    Harford Convention
    New England states demanding financial help from the federation because of the effects of the embargo. Also tighter restrictions on embargoes (2/3 vote) and declaration of war, and new states
  • Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggles Memorized Textile Mill Plans from Manchester, England

    Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggles Memorized Textile Mill Plans from Manchester, England
    Wanted to make his own manufacturing enterprise. Began Lowell Mills (beginning to hire women to work) Began factory system. Father of the American Textile Industry
  • End of the War of 1812

    End of the War of 1812
    The Treaty of Peace and Amity. Resolved by the Treaty of Ghent, all conquered land returned. Settle the Canada-U.S. border.
  • Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"

    Lyman Beecher Delivered His "Six Sermons on Intemperance"
    Co founder and leader of American Intemperance Society. Heard all over U.S. Greatly impacted intemperance refrom.
  • Battle of New Orleans

    Battle of New Orleans
    Part of the War of 1812 that took place afterwards. Americans won against Britain and Andrew Jackson rose to importance.
  • Treaty of Ghent Ratified

    Treaty of Ghent Ratified
    Treaty ended war of 1812. United States and Britain negotiated in Ghent, Belgium. Ratified in 1815
  • Era of Good Feeling Began

    Era of Good Feeling Began
    Positivity following the War of 1812 victory. Mended many political divides, at least for a little bit.
  • Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

    Dartmouth College vs. Woodward
    New Hampshire tried to switch Dartmouth from a private college to a state college. Old trustees sued Howard Woodward. Marshall decided "contract" was between private parties.
  • James Monroe Elected President

    James Monroe Elected President
    Democratic-Republican candidate. "Era of Good Feelings" due to the war victory and the peace treaty.
  • Anglo-American Convention

    Anglo-American Convention
    Treaty signed in James Monroe's Presidency between U.S. and Britain boundary issues. Boundary at 49th parallel. "Convention respecting fisheries boundary, and the restoration of slaves."
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    U.S. paid $5million for Florida, Spain accepts U.S. claims to Oregon Country, and U.S. drops claim on Northern Mexico a.k.a. Texas.
  • McCulloch vs. Maryland

    McCulloch vs. Maryland
    Maryland attempt to tax Bank of United States. John Marshall (federalist) declare constitutional under implied powers.
  • Panic of 1819

    Panic of 1819
    Economic depression, first national financial crisis.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Missouri added as slave state, and Maine added as a separate (from Massachusetts) free state to balance the Senate. Henry Clay declare no slave states above 36-30 line
  • Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York

    Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York
    American Presbyterian, "Father of Modern Revivalism" Christian perfectionism. "Burned over District" of so many people that had been converted there was nobody else to convert.
  • Denmark Vessey Slave Revolt

    Denmark Vessey Slave Revolt
    Led by free slave in South Carolina, revolt and seize Charleston. One betrayer resulted in 37 followers of the revolt in being hung.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Opposed European threats. 1. No more colonization in Western Hemisphere 2.Cannot mess with existing colonies 3. U.S. would not interfere with European affairs
  • John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)

    John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain)
    JQA won against Andrew Jackson. Believed that Henry Clay, Speaker of the House, elected JQA to promote Henry Clay to Secretary of State.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    NY state law allowed people to operate steamboats. Between state lines required expensive fees. Gibbons(steamboat owner doing business between NY and NJ) sued monopoly Ogden.
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    Gov. Clinton suggested the building of the canal to make the transportation of goods easier. Goods transported for 1/10 the original price and settlers began grouping in west NY, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois and Wisconsin.
  • Robert Owen Founded the the New Harmony Community

    Robert Owen Founded the the New Harmony Community
    Utopian community. "progressive paternalism" Rules for drinking, children and curfews.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Passed by Congress to protect Industry in New England states.
  • Andrew Jackson Elected President

    Andrew Jackson Elected President
    First western president. Anti Jackson party began (Whigs) King of using his veto power.
  • Catherine Beecher Published "Essays on the Education of Female Teachers"

    Catherine Beecher Published "Essays on the Education of Female Teachers"
    Women are natural educators, and advocated for expansion for training programs
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Signed in by Andrew Jackson. Transfer Natives from inside American lands to Western lands.Some went peacefully, but cause a lot of uproar.
  • Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later-Day Saints

    Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Later-Day Saints
    Wrote the Book of Mormon, with the idea of prophets. Idea of salvation only through Jesus Christ.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    Agreement between Cherokee tribe and Georgia. No non-Indian people could live in Native Territory. Worcester was forcibly removed after living outside the lines and claimed it was against his rights. Ruled in favor of Worcester because of 14th Amendment.
  • Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States

    Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States
    Argued that it was unconstitutional and incompatible with"justice" and "sound policy"
  • Nullification Crisis Began

    Nullification Crisis Began
    Andrew Jackson v. South Carolina. Imposed tariff, but S.C. threatened to leave the states if they tried to collect the tax. Resolved by Henry Clay
  • Black Hawk War

    Black Hawk War
    In opposition to Anglo settlers on Native lands, Sauk warrior Black Hawk declares war on U.S.
  • Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.

    Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S.
    Opposed Andrew Jackson. In favor of National Bank, pro international improvements, tax, and social reform.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Treaty of New Echota
    Finalized the trail of tears, Major Ridge negotiated the deal to move with compensation.
  • Transcendental Club's First Meeting

    Transcendental Club's First Meeting
    "in the way of protest" "behalf of deeper and broader views". Began with Fredric Henry Hedge, Harvard philosophy professor. Emerson one of the creators.
  • First McGuffey Reader Published

    First McGuffey Reader Published
    Readers has lessons on idealism, patriotism, and morality.
  • Texas Declare Independence from Mexico

    Texas Declare Independence from Mexico
    Texas Revolution, Texas Declaration of Independence was the formal separation.
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    Texan soldiers volunteered to watch the Alamo. Mexican army began to attack. Battle lasted 13 days, outnumbered and lost.
  • Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular

    Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular
    Required Government land to be payed for in gold and silver.
  • Horace Man Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education

    Horace Man Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education
    Educational Reform. Began the Common School Journal for educators. Interested in Prussian established schools. Public schools, professional teachers, inclusive.
  • Panic of 1837

    Panic of 1837
    Martin Van Buren dealt with Andrew Jackson's financial problems. Worst economic depression.
  • Martin Van Buren Elected President

    Martin Van Buren Elected President
    The country was good, but then the Panic of 1837 began a s a result of Jackson.
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"

    Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the "Divinity School Address"
    Senior class at Divinity College, Cambridge. He talks about Unitarianism.
  • Trail of Tears Began

    Trail of Tears Began
    Andrew Jackson Indian Removal Act.
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

    Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    Resolved border issues between U.S. and Britain. Banned slave trade.
  • Treaty of Wanghia with China

    Treaty of Wanghia with China
    Also Treaty of Peace, Amity, Commerce. Secure same rights in the U.S. that the British had from China
  • Beginning of Manifest Destiny

    Beginning of Manifest Destiny
    Territorial expansion of the United States. Native American removal, and Mexican war.
  • James Polk Elected President

    James Polk Elected President
    Defeated Henry Clay. "dark horse" for unexpected win.
  • U.S. Annexation of Texas

    U.S. Annexation of Texas
    Under President Polk, territorial expansion. Caused U.S. and Mexico to go war.
  • Start of the Mexican War

    Start of the Mexican War
    President Polk believed in the "Manifest Destiny" of the U.S. therefore Westward expansion possibly into Mexican soil, provoking a war.
  • Bear Flag Revolt

    Bear Flag Revolt
    California rebellion against Mexican rebellion
  • John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community

    John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community
    Perfectionist, Utopian community. Arranged marriages.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Ended the war, added 525,000+ sq. miles to the U.S.
  • Gold Rush Began in California

    Gold Rush Began in California
    James W. Marshall found gold in Sutter's Mill Coloma, California. Large westward expansion.
  • Henry David Thoreau Published "Civil Disobedience"

    Henry David Thoreau Published "Civil Disobedience"
    Transcendentalism. "Resistance to Civil Government"
  • Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.

    Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S.
    Re-establish regular commerce and trade with Japan for the first time in 2 centuries.
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    Treaty between U.S. and Mexico. 10 Million for what is now Arizona and New Mexico
  • Kanagawa Treaty

    Kanagawa Treaty
    Japanese government opening trade ports with U.S.