APUSH - Period 4 By clp123 1790 Second Great Awakening Began Influences the rise of reform movements like the Women's rights movement and Abolitionist movement Period: 1790 to 1854 APUSH Period 4 1794 Eli Whitney Patented the Cotton Gin Increased demand for slaves and increased cotton production. 1800 Thomas Jefferson was elected president Considered the ¨Revolution of 1800¨. Peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans 1800 Gabriel Prosser Slave Revolt Slave Revolt planned by Gabriel Prosser in Richmond, VA. 1803 Louisiana Purchase The U.S gains a large amount of land, encouraging westward expansion. 1803 Marbury v. Madison This increased the power of the Judicial branch and established Judicial Review. 1804 Beginning of Lewis and Clark Expedition Newly purchased Louisiana purchase region explored. Leaves from Missouri. 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair The British crew members of the HMS Leopard fired on the USS Chesapeake due to them refusing to allow them to board their ship. An example of impressment. 1807 Embargo Act Restricted trade in all foreign nations. 1808 James Madison elected president Another Democratic-Republican victory and another blow to the Federalist party. 1809 Non-Intercourse Act This lifted every embargo except for France and England. 1812 End of the War of 1812 Nationalism increased. A deadly blow to the Federalist party. 1812 Beginning of Manifest Destiny This consisted of spreading Christianity, Gold, and Glory. Caused westward expansion and Indian tragedies. 1813 Death of Tecumseh Tecumseh was killed in action during the Battle of Thames. Ended his ¨Confederacy¨ of indian tribes. 1813 Francis Cabot Lowell Smuggled Memorized Textile Mill Plans From Manchester, England Francis Cabot stole the idea of the Textile Mill from England to build the Textile industry in the U.S 1814 Lyman Beecher Delivered His “Six Sermons on Intemperance” Leads to the temperance movement, which leads to prohibition in Maine. 1814 The British Burn Washington D.C This was a British attack on Washington D.C during the War of 1812. 1814 Treaty of Ghent ratified Ended the war of 1812 and settled the U.S and Canada border. 1815 Battle of New Orleans Decisive victory with Andrew Jackson in command, repelling British forces. 1815 Hartford Convention Discussions were made about grievances of the War of 1812 and thoughts from some about secession from the union. 1816 Era of Good Feelings Began Only one political party was active. (Democratic-Republicans) 1817 Rush-Bagot Treaty Limited the naval capacity of the British and U.S along the Great Lakes. 1817 James Monroe elected president This is during the ¨Era of good feelings¨.Deadly blow to Federalist party. 1818 Anglo-American Convention This convention set the territory between British Canada and the U.S. 1819 Mcculloch v. Maryland Established powers of the federal government. (Implied powers) 1819 Adams-Onis Treaty The U.S purchases Florida in exchange for Texas. Claims Oregon region. 1819 Panic of 1819 A depression that consisted of sectionalism, banking failures, and agriculture decline. 1819 Dartmouth College V. Woodward This dealt with the application of content clause to private corporations. Set the standards for corporate law. 1820 Missouri Compromise Missouri was made a slave state and Maine was made a free state. Slavery was restricted North of 36, 30 North. 1822 Denmark Vesey Slave Revolt An attempted slave revolt in Charleston, South Carolina. This revolt failed because a participant told authorities about the plan. 1823 Monroe Doctrine Declares that the U.S should take part in European affairs and Europe shouldn't be involved in the U.S and Latin American affairs. 1824 Gibbons v. Ogden Expanded Congress's power. Limited interstate commerce clause. 1825 Charles B. Finney Lead Religious Revivals in Western New York Led to the rise in religious fervor. Part of 2nd Great Awakening 1825 Robert Owen Founded the New Harmony Community A utopian community founded by Robert Owen. This community wasn't successful. 1825 Erie Canal Completed Encouraged maritime distribution of goods and connected the north , south, and west. 1825 John Quincy Adams Elected President (Corrupt Bargain) First minority vote president. Henry Clay was Speaker of the House and also Sec. of State of his administration 1828 Tariff of Abominations Tariffs made to protect Northern industries. SC considered this unconstitutional. 1828 Andrew Jackson Elected President Begins ¨Age of the common man¨. Shows the Democratization of the U.S. 1829 Catherine Beecher Published Essays on the Education of Female Teachers Leads to her founding the Western Female Institute for girls to prepare them to become mothers and teachers. 1830 Indian Removal Act Removed civilized Indian Tribes from their territory to reservations westward. 1830 Joseph Smith Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints Eventually led to the Mormon faith 1832 Nullification Crisis Began Declared tariffs of 1828 and 1832 unconstitutional. Would have led to SC secession. 1832 Black Hawk War Conflict between Black Hawk and U.S military over western land. 1832 Worcester v. Georgia Court rules only the federal government could regulate indian land. 1832 Andrew Jackson Vetoed the Re-Charter of the Second Bank of the United States Severely weakened the Federalist party. 1834 Creation of the Whig Party in the U.S. Result of Andrew Jackson's policies 1835 Treaty of New Echota Removed the Cherokee territory from Georgia. 1836 Transcendental Club’s First Meeting Led to the formation of the transcendentalists 1836 First McGuffey Reader Published Focuses on the learning of the English language. Introduced in public schools. 1836 Texas Declared Independence from Mexico Increases tensions between Mexico and U.S. Eventually sparks the Mexican-American war. 1836 Battle of the Alamo This was during a 13 day siege during the Texas Revolution, resulting in a Mexican victory. 1836 Andrew Jackson Issued Specie Circular Payment for government land must be in Silver or Gold. 1837 Horace Mann Elected Secretary of the Massachusetts Board of Education Provides extended curriculum, improved teachers, and government funded education. 1837 Panic of 1837 Recession caused by Andrew Jackson's policies regarding the bank. 1837 Martin Van Buren Elected President Democratic President. Known as ¨Little Magician¨. 1838 Ralph Waldo Emerson gave the “Divinity School Address” Ralph Waldo Emerson encouraged the students to create new ideas and not to copy Europe. 1839 Trail of Tears Began Cherokee was forced to give up its land and move east of the Mississippi River. Many died in the process. 1842 Webster-Ashburton Treaty This further defined the British Canada territories and U.S territories. 1844 Treaty of Wanghia with China Gave Americans rights to land in ports and build churches in China. 1845 James Polk Elected President Starts Mexican-American war and gains territory from that war. 1845 U.S. Annexation of Texas Texas becomes a state. 1846 Start of the Mexican War The annexation of Texas caused this war. This was a battle over territory along the border near Texas and Texas. 1846 Bear Flag Revolt Revolted caused by California settlers against Mexicans. 1848 John Humphrey Noyes Founded the Oneida Community A socialized society based on the system of complex marriage where all men and women were married to each other. 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Gave the U.S present-day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. 1848 Gold Rush Began in California This Gold Rush resulted in the creation of many gold mines after Stutter's discovery. 1849 Henry David Thoreau Published Civil Disobedience Suggests that ¨just¨ people should go to jail for what they believe. Thoreau believes the Mexican American war was unjust. 1853 Commodore Matthew Perry Entered Tokyo Harbor Opening Japan to the U.S. Forced Japan to trade with the U.S. 1853 Gadsden Purchase Present-Day South western Arizona and New Mexico is purchased by the U.S 1854 Kanagawa Treaty Opened the Japanese ports of Shimoda and Hakodate.