AP World History Timeline 600 C.E-1450

  • 320

    India Ruled By Gupta Empire

    India is ruled by the Gupta Empire. While the Gupta Empire is in power, Hinduism becomes the major religion.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Byzantine Government

    The Byzantine government prevented the wealthy from taking the peasants land. Only in exemptions could the Byzantine government buy land.
  • Jan 1, 600

    The Byzantines

    The Byzantines lost Annatolia in 600. This led to their downfall.
  • Jan 1, 615

    Persecution of Muslims

    Persecution of Muslims by the Quaraish in Mecca became intense. In return a group of Muslims leave for Abyssinia.
  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammad Ali

    In 622 Muhammad Ali was forced to leave Mecca for fear of his life. He arrived at the city of Yathrib known as the Hijrah which founded the new religion.
  • Jan 1, 627

    Abu Sufyan's Siege

    Meccan leader Abu Sufyan made siege to Muhammad's forces in Medina during the battle of the Trench. Even with 10,000 men he was unsuccessful for the 15 days he was there.Muhammad suspected that the Banu Quraiza Jews helped the Meccans and so he had all of them killed.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad died in 632. At this time Islam had spread over much of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Muhammad's Son-in-law Death

    The death of Muhammad's son-in-law Ali in 661 sparked a civil war. It created a division into the Sunni's and Shi'ites.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Umayyads Take Over

    Umayyads take control over Muslim Empire. When the last rightly guided Caliph dies, the Umayyads promise to follow Muhammad's example.
  • Jan 1, 666

    Equal Field System

    This was a movement done by the Tang Dynassty. The equal field system helped to distibute equal land for everyone, so that everyone would have the equal amount of land.
  • Jan 1, 700

    Founding of Ghana

    A farming people called the Soninke formed an empire that they had called Ghana. This empire was growing rich from taxing the goods that traders carried through their territory.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Muslim Empire Extent

    Muslim empire reaches its furthes extent. Battle of Tours prevents further advance towards the North.
  • Jan 1, 750

    Islamic Expansion

    The Islamic Empire covered almost the entire Middle East, Persia, Afghanistan, North Africa, Spain, Turkey, Constantinople, and even some of Southeast Asia. The empire later split into smaller empires and caliphates due to internal conflicts.
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Islam Schools

    Higher education schools known as madrasas had appeared. By the 12 century they were well established.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Great Schism

    The Great Schism Occurs in 1054. It was the split between the Orthodox and Roman Catholic .It ocurred because of Cardinal Humbert and two papal legates when they disagreed against Patriarch Caerularius of Constantinople.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Byzantine Crusade

    European Noble men help Byzantine emperor fight against the Turks,known as the Peoples' Crusade. This crusade occurred because the pope was ambitous for the matter that he wanted to expand his religious and political power.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Song Dynasties accomplishment

    The Song Dynasty became urbanized and they bacame really wealthy. They became wealth with the help of their powerful army and their international trade throughout Southeastern Asia. The Song Dynasty had really advance technology some of their technology included; the magnetic compass,watertight bulheads, and the junk.
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Feudal Japan

    Japan became feudal in 1100. They were isolated as a centralized imperial institution.
  • Jan 1, 1185

    Minamoto no Yoritomi

    Minamoto no Yoritomi defeated the rival Taira Clan in 1185. This led to the appointment of Yoritomi by the emperor to rule Japan.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    Yoritomo Minamoto

    Yoritomo Minamoto was Chief General by the emperor. The power was in the hands of the Shogun.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    Delhi Sultanate Founding

    Delhi Sultanate was founded after Muhammad of Ghor defeated Prithvi Raj and captured Delhi in 1192. The first dynasty that was created was called the Slave Dynasty because the first leaders had been slave soldiers.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Song Dynasty and it population

    By this time period Songs population increased due to the introduction of champa rice from Vietnam. Which helped the increase of food supplies. China's population more than double, it increased from 45 million to 115 million people. Leading to the expand of urban centers.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    Ghenis Khan

    Ghenis Khan unified the Mongols tribes. And he helped them to expand into larger empires. In order for them to expand widely.
  • Jan 1, 1200

    The People under the Mongol's rule

    The Mongols started to kill people if they did not do what they told them to do. They had to give in if not they would die.
  • Jan 1, 1215

    Magna Carta

    The Magna Carta was signed on 1215. This document limited the kings' rights.
  • Jan 1, 1231

    Korea and the Mongols

    The Mongols started to rule Korea as soon they took over them. The Mongols took over Korea untill 1392.
  • Jan 1, 1234

    Begining of Mongolia's Conquest

    Ghenhis Khan led the Mogol invasion of China, leading to the Mongolia Conquest.. The Mongol Empire spanned from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe.
  • Jan 1, 1235

    Mongol Empires

    The empire was spilt into small, independent empires. The Mogols destroyed cities and were ruthless warriors, but once they establshed they turned the empire into a peaceful place.
  • Jan 1, 1236


    Baghdad was captured by the Mongols. As the Abbasid Caliphate collapsed.
  • Jan 1, 1238

    Genghis and his establishments

    Ghenhis Khan established the first pony express and postal sysytem and gave tax breaks to teachers and clerics.
  • Jan 1, 1274

    Shogunate Victory

    The Mongols attacked the Japanese in 1274. The Mongols didn't have any luck because they were wiped out by a Typhoon. The victory of the Shogunate helped legitimize their system of government.
  • Jan 1, 1279

    Fall of the Song Dynasty

    The Song Dynasty fell to the Jurchen and then to the Mongols. Then the Mongols established the Yuan Dynasty replacing the Song Dynasty which did not last really long.
  • Jan 1, 1281

    Broken Attacks

    Ghenhis Khan broke of his attack on China and turned west toward Central Asia and Eastern Europe. He also came within reach of Contantinople and distroyed muck of Islamic- Arabic Civilization.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Mali Dominance

    Mali dominated West Africa in the 13th century. Mali grew larger, more powerful, and richer than Ghana had been because of the mining of gold.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Delhi Sultanate

    The Delhi Sultanate occurred between the thirteenth and sixteenth centuries. It was the series Muslim Dynasties that controlled India.
  • Jan 1, 1324

    Mansa Musa Pilgrimage

    The King from Mali, Mansa Musa, made a pilgrimage to Mecca. He brought with him a huge caravan of soldiers, attendants, subjects, slaves, and camels carrying gold.
  • Jan 1, 1347

    The Black Death

    The Plague and other diseases spread to many ports inland. This plague was caused by infectual bacteria of fleas in rats.
  • Jan 1, 1349

    The Black Death

    The plague blanketed over Europe. Therefore it took 150 years for Europe's population to recover.
  • Jan 1, 1349

    Reason for The Black Death

    People viewed the plague as a punishment. For this reason people looked into religion for protection.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    Black Death in Russia

    The plague entered Russia. Not only did Russia get the plague but so did other parts in Europe except the Kingdom of Poland, isolated parts of Belgium and the Netherlands.
  • Jan 1, 1368

    After the Song Dynasty

    The Mongols were already driven from China. The Ming Dynasty restored Chinas traditional rule to the empire.
  • Jan 1, 1368

    China and the Mongols

    China kicked the Mongols from China. China was able to establlsh the Ming Dynasty under traditional Chinese practices.
  • Jan 1, 1450

    The Decline of the Mongols

    The Mongols empire decline. Because it was gettiing too powerful.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Downfall of Byzantine Empire

    The end of the Byzantine Empire occurred in 1453. The reasons for why the Byzantine Empire fell was because of too much wars, no economic wealth due to the Crusades, and because of the growing urbanization in the Palestine Era.
  • Jan 1, 1502

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus went on his 4th voyage to the New World. He brought back information about the New World and he also went to Panama.
  • Jan 1, 1516

    Thomas Moore

    Thomas Moore is an english philosopher who wrote the book "Utopia" about his moral beliefs. He was executed by King Henry VIII.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    Fall of the Delhi Sultanate

    After a long path of ruling the Delhi Sultanate falls. Babur overcomes it and establishes the Mughal Empire.
  • Jan 1, 1526

    India Ruled by Mughal Empire

    The rule of the Mughal Empire begins. It unified much of south India with the north for the first time.
  • Jan 1, 1538

    Muhammad I Askia

    Muhammad I Askia, the Songhai Ruler, expanded and strengthened the empire. He was overthrown by his son, Askia Musa, in 1528.
  • Jan 1, 1540

    Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution begins in 1540. This revolution was mainly associated with the planets and also concepts of math were made.
  • Jan 1, 1542

    Portuguese Ship in Japan

    A Portuguese ship was going around Japan in 1542. The ship carried firearms and technnology which was introduced to Japan.
  • Jan 1, 1545

    Catholic Reformation

    The Catholic Reformation begins in 1545. It was a new religious order in the society of Jesus. Ignatius of Loyola founded in 1540.
  • Songhai Empire Decline

    The Songhai Empire declined in 1591. This was due to the Battle of Tondibi which killed a lot of the Songhai warriors because of the Moroccan's gunpowder.
  • Urban Classes in France

    The urban classes in France dominated the activities of the bourgeoisie .The burgeoisie were people who worked long hours but had enough money to live comfortably.
  • Beginning of Tang Dynasty

    During this period the T'ang Dynasty ruled China. Under Emperor Xuanzang, the T'ang expanded Chinese territory into parts of Manchuria, Mongolia, Tibet and Korea.
  • Begining of the Song Dynasty

    China was reunified by the Song Dynasty under emperor Taizu. This was a time of peace and prosperity for China.
  • Tunks and The Tang Dynasty

    The Tang Dynasty was not able to stop the invation of the Turnks.
    So the Tunks kept invading and invading.
  • Huang Chao Rebellion

    This was a rebellion that accured in the Tang Dynasty. Because the central powers were being taken over.
  • Amir ibn-al-As

    An Arab general, Amir ibn-al-As takes Egypt in 639. Egypt was the biggest province of the Byzantine. The taking over of Egypt would establish Islamic culture.
  • Religious Controversy

    Controversy over religious images erupt in Christian communities. This splitted the Byzantine from the Romans.
  • Sacred Texts in Islam

    Theological controversy over whether the Qur'an is created or uncreated and eternal. Center for translation of texts from Greek to Arabic founded in Baghdad.
  • The fall of the Tang Dynasty

    The Tang Dynasty became too large to the point where the local warlords gained and gained power. Leading to the collapsed of the Tang Dynasty.