AP Art History Time Line Early

  • Period: 200 to

    Early Christian Art to Early Medieval Art

  • 245

    Dura- Europos

    Dura- Europos
    Early Christian Art
    Located in Egypt
    Callled the "Pompeii of the Desert"
    Founded by Alexander the Great
    Technically part of the Roman Empire, but they left it alone
  • 248

    Samuel Anoints David

    Samuel Anoints David
    Early Christian Art
    Clustering of Heads!
    David wearing purple = royalty
    Samuel is the biggest (heirarchy of scale)
    Roman drappery, but lacks volume
  • 250

    Wall Painting of the Old Testament

    Wall Painting of the Old Testament
    Early Christian Art
    Pentateuch: crook in teh wall that houses teh Torra
    Interesting because Jewish law prohibited images
  • 300

    Catacombs of Saint Peter and Marcellino

    Catacombs of Saint Peter and Marcellino
    Early Christian Art
    About 5 stories below city of Rome
    100 miles of catacombs
    Housed about 4 million bodies
    Spaces to store bodies called loculi/cubicula
  • 301

    The Good Shepherd (in Catacombs)

    The Good Shepherd (in Catacombs)
    Early Christian Art
    Resembles the Calf-Bearer
    Christ looks YOUNG
    Pastoral scene
    In each lunette is stories of Jonah
    Orant figures
  • 320

    Old Saint Peter's Basilica

    Old Saint Peter's Basilica
    Early Christian Art
    Axial planned
    Built over remains of Saint Peter
    Columns are from Roman buildings (political statement)
    Bare exterior with ornate interior
  • 337

    Santa Costanza (Basilica)

    Santa Costanza (Basilica)
    Early Christian Art
    Centrally planned
    Alter in middle
    Originally mosoleum dedicated to Contantine's daughter
    12 painted columns = 12 diciples
    Bare exterior with ornate interior
  • 359

    Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus

    Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
    Early Christian Art
    No Crucifixion image
    Divided into sections by columns
    3 sides decorated
    Images used to spread the Gospel
    Juxtaposes Old Testament and New Testament stories
  • 359

    Christ Enthroned- Junius Bassus

    Christ Enthroned- Junius Bassus
    Early Christian Art
    Christ triumphant over Roman Sky God- dominance of Religion
  • 370

    Mithras Slaying the Bull

    Mithras Slaying the Bull
    Early Christian Art
  • 380

    Priestess Celebrating the Rites of Bacchus

    Priestess Celebrating the Rites of Bacchus
    Early Christian Art
    Transition from Paganism to Christianity
    Classic Form- wet drappery
  • 420

    Suicide of Judas and the Crucifixion of Christ

    Suicide of Judas and the Crucifixion of Christ
    Early Christian Art
    Ivory
    Christ is young (no beard)
    Has heroic body
    Judas hung-weak
    Juxtaposes Christ and Judas
  • 425

    Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (Ravenna, Itlay)

    Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (Ravenna, Itlay)
    Early Christian Art
    Combination of axial and central plan
    Plain exterior
    Originally- chapel dedicated to St. Lawrence
  • 425

    Christ as Good Shepherd (Ravenna, Italy)

    Christ as Good Shepherd (Ravenna, Italy)
    Early Christian Art
    Christ dressed in royal colors
    Not holding the sheep; landscape scene
    Chrsit has a golden nimbus
    Symmetrical
    Depth still off
  • 432

    Santa Maria Maggiore (Basilica)

    Santa Maria Maggiore (Basilica)
    Early Christian Art
    First major church dedicated to Mary
    Coeffered, ornate ceiling
    Has a clerestory
    Vaulted ceilings
    Mosaics = KEY
  • 432

    Parting of Lot & Abraham (Nave of Santa Maria Maggiore)

    Parting of Lot & Abraham (Nave of Santa Maria Maggiore)
    Early Christian Art
    Clustering of heads
    Lot shown with 2 daughters (disproportionate sizes)
    City of Caanan looks closer to Abraham
  • 500

    Saint Michael the Archangel (ivory)

    Saint Michael the Archangel (ivory)
    Early Christian Art
    Classical drapery and facial type
    Disproportionate stepss and feet
    Proportions off in general
  • 504

    Church of Sant’ Apollinare Nuovo (Ravenna, Italy)

    Church of Sant’ Apollinare Nuovo (Ravenna, Italy)
    Early Christian Art
    Dedicated toe Theodoric the Great
    Has 3 aisles, is axial planned, and palace attached on the side
    Nave- portaits of Old Testament Figures
    Above clerestory- scenes of Christ's life
  • 504

    Miracle of the Loaves and Fish (Ravenna, Italy)

    Miracle of the Loaves and Fish (Ravenna, Italy)
    Byzantine Art
    Christ completely cloaked in purple
    Looking directly at people
    Nimbus with a cross!
  • 510

    Vienna Genesis Book

    Vienna Genesis Book
    Oldest, well preserved painted Bible manuscripts
  • 526

    San Vitale (Ravenna, Italy)

    San Vitale (Ravenna, Italy)
    Early Christian Art
    TWO stories
    Octogonal shape
    Columns ornate- covered in reliefs
    Looks centrally planned (is not though- has an apse)
  • 532

    Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)

    Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)
    Byzantine Art
    Axial and Centrally planned
    Dome supported by pendentives
    Patrons: Justinian and Theodora
    Exterior = plain and massive
    Mosaics!
  • 547

    Justinian and Attendants (San Vitale)

    Justinian and Attendants (San Vitale)
    Byzantine Art
    Symmetry (Justinian flanked on both sides)
    Figs. very 2D
    Clustering of Heads
    Figs. looking at us- walking to Mass
    Also believed to be the first EVER boy band
  • 547

    Theodora and Attendants (San Vitale)

    Theodora and Attendants (San Vitale)
    NOT symmetrical (blasphemy)
    Still very 2D with frontal poses
    Procession walking towards curtain
  • May 15, 625

    Purse Cover (Sutton Hoo Ship Burial)

    Purse Cover (Sutton Hoo Ship Burial)
    Early Medieval Art
    Tribal appearence
    All areas have decorative manner (like illuminated manuscript)
  • May 15, 687

    Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem)

    Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem)
    Islamic Art
    NOT a mosque- is a HOLY SITE
    Domed octogon (like San Vitale)
    Marked coming of a new religion
    Believed to be rock that Muhammad ascended into heaven on
    Exterrior is covered in tiles
  • May 15, 700

    Saint Matthew Page (Book of Lindisfarne)

    Saint Matthew Page (Book of Lindisfarne)
    Early Medieval Art
    Seated on a bench (w/ red cushion)
    Has a nimbus
    Portrayed writing the book of Matthew
  • Nov 24, 700

    Book of Lindisfarne

    Book of Lindisfarne
    Early Medieval Art
    Horror vacui- decorated everywhere
    Intracte serpants and dragons
    Carpet pages = break in book
  • May 15, 740

    Umayyad Palace (Mshatta, Jordan)

    Umayyad Palace (Mshatta, Jordan)
    Islamic Art
    Palace with a Mosque
    Super high walls
    elaborate bathing systeming (like the Romans)
    Carved stone friez- offered privacy to occupants
  • May 15, 784

    Great Mosque of Córdoba (Spain)

    Great Mosque of Córdoba (Spain)
    Islamic Art
    Hypostyle hall
    2 story system (to raise the roof)
    lower arches have horse shoe shape
    Masqura (961-965)
  • May 15, 792

    Palatine Chapel (Aachen, Germany)

    Palatine Chapel (Aachen, Germany)
    Early Medieval Art
    Modeled after San Vitale (2 stories)
    Centrally planned
    Dome supported by squinches
    Columns and capitols imported from Rome
  • May 15, 800

    Chi-Rho-Iota (Book of Kells)

    Chi-Rho-Iota (Book of Kells)
    Early Medieval Art
    Human faces hidden in lace
    Very red
    Looks like a carpet page
  • May 15, 800

    Book of Kells

    Book of Kells
    Early Medieval Art
    Illuminated manuscript
  • May 15, 800

    Book of Matthew (in Book of Kells)

    Book of Matthew (in Book of Kells)
    Early Medieval Art
  • May 15, 815

    Lorsch Gatehouse (Lorsch, Germany)

    Lorsch Gatehouse (Lorsch, Germany)
    Early Medieval Art
    3 arches (like Constantine's arch)
    Engaged columns- imported from Italy
    Chapel on top- used to be a recieving room
    Turets on sides (house spiral staircases)
  • May 15, 816

    Plan of St. Gall Monestary (St. Gall, Switzerland)

    Plan of St. Gall Monestary (St. Gall, Switzerland)
    Early Medieval Art
    Nerver actually built
    Monks would never have to leave the monestary
  • May 15, 820

    Utrecht Psalter (Utrecht, Netherlands)

    Utrecht Psalter (Utrecht, Netherlands)
    Early Medieval Art
    Simple design- purple and red ink ONLY
    Large pages- allows for pictures ans words
    Looks like Ebbo Gospels
  • Nov 25, 820

    Equestrian Statue of a Carolingian Ruler

    Equestrian Statue of a Carolingian Ruler
    Early Medieval Art
    Looks like Marcus Aurelius statue on horse
    Charlemagne does not looks like he is moving (horse does)
  • May 15, 825

    Animal Head Post (Oseberg Ship Burial)

    Animal Head Post (Oseberg Ship Burial)
    Early Medieval Art
    Not suure what it is part of
    Interlaces animal style and vine line appearence
  • May 15, 900

    Hosios Loukas (Greece)

    Hosios Loukas (Greece)
    Byzantine Art
    Not super decorative, but more so than past churches
    Cloisonne Technique used on windows
    Squinches support dome on top
    Tall and narrow
  • May 15, 950

    Harbaville Triptych

    Harbaville Triptych
    Byzantine Art
    Can tell faces apart (individualized)
    Symmerty
    Relief
    Medieval approach at lableing names
    Hands covered-sign of respect
  • May 15, 950

    David Composing the Psalms (Paris Psalter)

    David Composing the Psalms (Paris Psalter)
    Byzantine Art
    David has Classical muscular body, but has stiff clothes
    Melody seated next to David (as a muse)
    Echo hiding behind pillar
    Odd guy in the bottom right (supposed to the mountains)
  • Nov 25, 970

    Gero Crucifix (Cologne Cathedral)

    Gero Crucifix (Cologne Cathedral)
    Early Medieval Art
    Christ is very limp
    Nimbus with a cross (no crown of thorns)
    Emotional suffering
    Life Sized
  • May 15, 1001

    Abbey Church of Saint Michael’s (Hildesheim, Germany)

    Abbey Church of Saint Michael’s (Hildesheim, Germany)
    Early Medieval Art
    2 transepts
    3 archways
    Decorated columns (like Trajan's Column)
  • May 15, 1015

    Bishop Bernward Doors (Saint Michael’s)

    Bishop Bernward Doors (Saint Michael’s)
    Early Medieval Art
    Subject: Fall of Man & Redemption of Man
    Ment to be magnificent
  • May 15, 1063

    Saint Mark’s Cathedral (Venice, Italy)

    Saint Mark’s Cathedral (Venice, Italy)
    Byzantine Art
    Greek cross plan (looks like a plus sign, not a cross)
    2 big domes
    Adorned everywhere with mosaics
    Mosaics asymmetrical
    Church contians relics of Saint Mark
  • Nov 15, 1100

    Pantocrator

    Pantocrator
    Byzantine Art
    Massive
    Ment to be impactful
    Christ has a nimbus with a cross
    Older Christ (has a beard)
    Gold background- eternal
  • Nov 24, 1380

    Hall of the Two Sisters (Muqarnas Dome)

    Hall of the Two Sisters (Muqarnas Dome)
    Islamic Art
    Named because of matching white marble slabs
    Square floor plan
    Has a dome- airy feel
    vaulted- looks like stalagtites
  • May 15, 1410

    Old Testament Trinity

    Old Testament Trinity
    Byzantine Art
    Icon- 3 angels (appeared to Sarah & Abraham)
    Repeating forms
    Identical faces- mirrior pose
    Background = gold sky
  • May 15, 1525

    Shahnama (Book of Kings)

    Shahnama (Book of Kings)
    Islamic Art
    Persian national epic
    Shows history of Iran from beginning of time to when Islam was introduced
    Court of Gayumars- depicts first king of Iran
  • May 15, 1555

    Saint Basil’s Cathedral

    Saint Basil’s Cathedral
    Byzantine Art
    Commissioned by Ivan the Terrible
    Tall, slender pyramidliek central tower (with small onion shaped dome)
    Found in Moscow Russia
  • May 15, 1568

    Mosque of Selim II (Edirne, Turkey)

    Mosque of Selim II (Edirne, Turkey)
    Islamic Art
    1st example of a centrally planned mosque
    Mosque = capitol of Ottoman Empire
    Mirab could be seen from anywhere in the mosque
    Climax of Ottoman architecture