AP Art History

  • 25,500 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Apollo 11 Stones
    Namibia
    c. 25,500 - 25,300 B.C.E.
    Charcoal on stone
  • 15,000 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Great Hall of the Bulls Cave paintings
    Lascaux, France. 15,000-13,000 B.C.E. Rock painting
  • 14,000 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Camelid sacrum
    Tequixquiac, Mexico, 14,000–7000 B.C.E., Bone
    Subtractive sculpture
  • 6000 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Running Horned Woman
    Tassili n’Ajjer, Algeria
    6000 - 4000 B.C.E
    Pigment on rock
    Hierarchy of scale
  • 4200 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Beaker with ibex motif
    Susa, Iran
    4200--3500 B.C.E.
    Painted terra-cotta
  • 4000 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Anthropomorphic stele
    Arabian Peninsula
    4th millennium B.C.E
    Sandstone
    Stele - Upright stone
    Low relief structure
  • 3500 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    White Temple and its ziggurat
    Uruk (modern Warka, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.3500-3000 B.C.E.
    Mud brick
  • 3300 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Jade Cong
    Liangzhu, China, 3300-2200 B.C.E., Carved jade
  • 3000 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Palette of Narmer
    Predynastic Egypt
    c.3000-2920 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
  • 2700 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Statues of votive figures
    From the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar, Iraq)
    Sumerian
    c.2700 B.C.E.
    Gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone
  • 2620 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Seated scribe
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2620-2500 B.C.E.
    Painted limestone
  • 2600 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur
    Modern Tell el-Muqayyar, Iraq
    Sumerian
    c.2600-2400 B.C.E.
    Wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone
  • 2550 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx
    Giza, Egypt
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2550-2490 B.C.E.
    Cut limestone
  • 2500 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Stonehenge
    Wiltshire, UK
    Neolithic Europe
    c.2500-1600 B.C.E
    Sandstone
  • 2490 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    King Menkaura and queen
    Old Kingdom, Fourth Dynasty
    c.2490-2472 B.C.E.
    Greywacke
  • 1792 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    The Code of Hammurabi
    Babylon (Modern Iran)
    Susian
    c.1792-1750 B.C.E.
    Basalt
  • 1550 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
    New Kingdom, 18th & 19th Dynasties
    Karnak, near Luxor, Egypt
    Temple: c.1550 B.C.E.
    Hall: c.1250 B.C.E.
    Cut sandstone and mud brick
  • 1500 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Ambum Stone
    Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
    1500 B.C.E
    Greywacke
  • 1473 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut
    And kneeling sculpture
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    Near Luxor, Egypt
    c.1473-1458 B.C.E.
    Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
  • 1458 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut
    And kneeling sculpture
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    Near Luxor, Egypt
    c.1473-1458 B.C.E.
    Sandstone, partially covered into a rock cliff, and red granite
  • 1353 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
    New Kingdom (Amarna), 18th Dynasty
    c.1353-1335 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 1323 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Tutankhamun’s tomb, innermost coffin
    New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty
    c.1323 B.C.E.
    Gold with inlay of enamel and semiprecious stones
  • 1275 BCE

    Egyptian Art

    Egyptian Art
    Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, from his tomb
    New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty
    c.1275 B.C.E.
    Painted papyrus scroll
  • 1200 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Tlatilco female figurine
    Central Mexico
    1200 - 900 B.C.E
    Ceramic
    Incised Lines
  • 1000 BCE

    Global Prehistory

    Global Prehistory
    Terra cotta fragment
    Solomon Islands, Reef Islands
    1000 B.C.E
    Terra cotta
  • 720 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II
    Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad, Iraq)
    Neo-Assyrian c.720-705 B.C.E.
    Alabaster
  • 600 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Athenian Agora
    Archaic through Hellenistic Greek
    600 B.C.E. - 150 C.E.
    Plan
  • 530 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble, painted details
  • 530 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Anavysos Kouros
    Archaic Greek
    c.530 B.C.E.
    Marble with remnants of paint
  • 520 BCE

    Ancient Near Eastern Art

    Ancient Near Eastern Art
    Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xerxes
    Persepolis, Iran
    Persian
    c.520-465 B.C.E.
    Limestone
  • 520 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Sarcophagus of the Spouses
    Etruscan. c.520 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
  • 510 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Temple of Minerva (Veii, near Rome, Italy)
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Original temple of wood, mud brick, or tufa (volcanic rock)
  • 510 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Sculpture of Apollo, Veii
    Master sculptor Vulca
    Etruscan. c.510-500 B.C.E.
    Terracotta
  • 500 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Helios, horses, and Dionysus (Heracles?)
    East Pediment Sculpture, Parthenon (Phidias?)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 500 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Plaque of the Ergastines
    Parthenon (Phidias)
    5th Century B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 480 BCE

    Etruscan Art

    Etruscan Art
    Tomb of the Triclinium
    Tarquinia, Italy. Etruscan.
    c.480-470 B.C.E. Tufa and fresco
  • 460 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Niobides Krater
    Anonymous vase painter of Classical Greece known as the Niobid Painter.
    c.460-450 B.C.E.
    Clay, red figure technique
  • 450 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Doryphoros (Spear bearer)
    Polykleitos
    Original 450-440 B.C.E.
    Roman copy (marble) of the Greek original (bronze)
  • 447 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Acropolis
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 447 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Parthenon
    Iktinos and Kallikrates
    c.447-410 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 427 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Temple of Athena Nike
    Kallikrates
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 427 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Victory (Nike) adjusting her sandal
    Temple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
    c.427-424 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 410 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Grave Stele of Hegeso
    Attributed to Kallimachos
    c.410 B.C.E.
    Marble and paint
  • 400 BCE

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Petra, Jordan: Treasury and Great Temple
    Nabataean Ptolemaic and Roman
    c. 400 B.C.E - 100 C.E.
    Cut rock
  • 300 BCE

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Great Stupa at Sanchi
    Madhya Pradesh, India
    Buddhist; Maurya, late Sunga Dynasty
    c. 300 B.C.E.-100 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone on dome
  • 221 BCE

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the first Qin emperor of China
    Qin Dynasty.
    c. 221-209 B.C.E.
    Painted terra cotta
  • 200 BCE

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    House of the Vettii
    Pompeii, Italy
    Imperial Roman
    c. 2nd Century B.C.E.
    Cut stone and fresco
  • 190 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Winged Victory of Samothrace
    Hellenistic Greek
    c.190 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 180 BCE

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Funeral banner of Lady Dai (Xin Zhui)
    Han Dynasty, China
    c. 180 B.C.E.
    Painted silk
  • 175 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 175 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Frieze of Athena from the Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
    Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). Hellenistic Greek.
    c.175 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 100 BCE

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Alexander mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii
    Republican Roman c.100 B.C.E.
    Mosaic
  • 100 BCE

    Ancient Greece

    Ancient Greece
    Seated Boxer
    Hellenistic Greek
    C.100 B.C.E.
    Bronze
  • 100 BCE

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Augustus of Prima Porta
    Imperial Roman
    Early 1st Century C.E.
    Marble
  • 75 BCE

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Head of a Roman patrician
    Republican Roman
    c.75-50 B.C.E.
    Marble
  • 70

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
    Rome, Italy. Imperial Roman.
    70-80 C.E.Stone and concrete.
  • 106

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Forum of Trajan
    Rome, Italy. Apollodorus of Damascus. Forum and markets.
    c.106-112 C.E.
    Brick and concrete.
  • 113

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Column of Trajan
    Completed 113 C.E.
    Marble
  • 118

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Pantheon
    Imperial Roman. 118-125 C.E.
    Concrete with stone facing.
  • 250

    Roman Art & Architecture

    Roman Art & Architecture
    Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus
    Late Imperial Roman. c.250 C.E.
    Marble.
  • 400

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Buddha
    Bamiyan, Afghanistan
    Gandharan
    c. 400-800 C.E.
    (destroyed in 2001)
    Cut rock with plaster and polychrome paint
  • 400

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Gold and jade crown
    Three Kingdoms Period
    Silla Kingdom, Korea
    Fifth to sixth century C.E.
    Metalwork
  • 493

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Longmen caves
    Luoyang, China. Tang Dynasty.
    493-1127 C.E.
    Limestone
  • 631

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    The Kaaba
    Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Islamic. Pre-Islamic monument
    Rededicated by Muhammad in 631-632 C.E. Multiple renovations
    Granite masonry, covered with silk curtain and calligraphy in gold and silver-wrapped thread
  • 641

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Jowo Rinpoche, enshrined in the Jokhang Temple
    Lhasa, Tibet. Yarlung Dynasty.
    Believed to have been brought to Tibet in 641 C.E.
    Gilt metals with semiprecious stones, pearls, and paint; various offerings
  • 691

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Dome of the Rock
    Jerusalem. Islamic. Umayyad.
    691-692 C.E., with multiple renovations
    Stone masonry and wooden roof decorated with glazed ceramic tile, mosaics, and gilt aluminum and bronze dome.
  • 700

    African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Nan Madol
    Pohnpei, Micronesia
    Saudeleur Dynasty
    c. 700-1600 C.E.
    Basalt boulders and prismatic columns
  • 743

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Todai-ji
    Nara, Japan
    743 C.E.; rebuilt c. 1700
    Wood with ceramic-tile roofing
  • 749

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Great Buddha (Daibutsu) from Todai-ji
    Bronze
  • 750

    Buddhist Art

    Buddhist Art
    Borobudur Temple
    Central Java, Indonesia
    Sailendra Dynasty
    c. 750-842 C.E.
    Volcanic-stone masonry
  • 785

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Great Mosque
    Córdoba, Spain. Umayyad
    c. 785-786 C.E.
    Stone masonry
  • 800

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Churning of the Ocean of Milk
    Angkor Wat
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E.
    Sandstone
  • 800

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Jayavarman VII as Buddha
    Angkor Thom
    Hindu, Angkor Dynasty
    c. 800-1400 C.E. Stone masonry, sandstone
  • 800

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Folio from a Qur’an
    Arab, North Africa or Near East
    Abbasid. c. eighth to ninth century C.E.
    Ink, color, and gold on parchment
  • 930

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Lakshmana Temple
    Khajuraho, India. Hindu, Chandella Dynasty
    c. 930-950 C.E. Sandstone
  • 1000

    African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Conical tower and circular wall of Great Zimbabwe
    Southeastern Zimbabwe
    Shona peoples
    c. 1000-1400 C.E.
    Coursed granite blocks
  • 1000

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Travelers among Mountains and Streams
    Fan Kuan
    c. 1000 C.E.
    Ink and colors on silk
  • 1066

    African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Power figure (Nkisi n’kondi)
    Kongo peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. late 19th century C.E.
    1066 - 1067 CE
    Wood and metal
  • 1100

    Hindu Art

    Hindu Art
    Shiva as Lord of Dance (Nataraja)
    Hindu
    India (Tamil Nadu)
    Chola Dynasty
    c. 11th century C.E.
    Cast bronze
  • 1100

    African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Moai on platform (ahu)
    Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
    c. 1100-1600 C.E.
    Volcanic tuff figures on basalt base
  • 1200

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Great Mosque of Djenné
    Mali
    Founded c. 1200 C.E.; rebuilt 1906-1907
    Adobe
  • 1200

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Nio guardian statues
    from Todai-ji
    Various artists including sculptors Unkei and Keikei, as well as the Kei School
    c. 1200 C.E.
    Wood
  • 1250

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Night Attack on the Sanjô Palace
    Kamakura Period, Japan
    c. 1250-1300 C.E.
    Handscroll (ink and color on paper)
  • 1320

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Basin (Baptistère de St. Louis)
    Muhammad ibn al-Zain
    c. 1320-1340 C.E.
    Brass inlaid with gold and silver
  • 1330

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Bahram Gur Fights the Karg, folio from the Great Il-Khanid Shahnama
    Islamic
    Persian, Il-Khanid
    c. 1330-1340 C.E.
    Ink and opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper
  • 1351

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    The David Vases
    Yuan Dynasty, China
    1351 C.E.
    White porcelain with cobalt-blue underglaze
  • 1354

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Alhambra
    Granada, Spain. Nasrid Dynasty
    1354-1391 C.E.
    Whitewashed adobe stucco, wood, tile, paint, and gilding
  • 1400

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Forbidden City
    Beijing, China. Ming Dynasty.
    15th century C.E. and later
    Stone masonry, marble, brick, wood, and ceramic tile
  • 1417

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Portrait of Sin Sukju (1417-1475)
    Imperial Bureau of Painting
    c. 15th century C.E.
    Hanging scroll (ink and color on silk)
  • 1480

    Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Ryoan-ji
    Kyoto, Japan
    Muromachi Period, Japan
    c. 1480 C.E.; current design most likely dates to the 18th century
    Rock garden
  • 1500

    African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Wall plaque, from Oba’s palace
    Edo peoples, Benin (Nigeria)
    16th century C.E.
    Cast brass
  • 1522

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    The Court of Gayumars, folio from Shah Tahmasp’s Shahnama
    Sultan Muhammad
    c. 1522-1525 C.E.
    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
  • 1539

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    The Ardabil Carpet
    Maqsud of Kashan
    1539-1540 C.E.
    Silk and wool
  • 1568

    Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Mosque of Selim II
    Edirne, Turkey
    Sinan (architect)
    1568-1575 C.E.
    Brick and stone
  • Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaikh to Kings
    Bichitr
    c. 1620 C.E.
    Watercolor, gold, and ink on paper
  • Islamic Art

    Islamic Art
    Taj Mahal
    Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
    Masons, marble workers, mosaicists, and decorators working under the supervision of Ustad Ahmad Lahori, architect of the emperor. 1632-1653 C.E.
    Stone masonry and marble with inlay of precious and semiprecious stones; gardens
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Sika dwa kofi (Golden Stool)
    Ashanti peoples (south central Ghana)
    c. 1700 C.E.
    Gold over wood and cast-gold attachments
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    ‘Ahu ‘ula (feather cape)
    Hawaiian
    Late 18th century C.E.
    Feathers and fiber
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Staff god
    Rarotonga, Cook Islands, central Polynesia
    Late 18th to early 19th century C.E.
    Wood, tapa, fiber, and feathers
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Female deity
    Nukuoro, Micronesia
    c. 18th to 19th century C.E.
    Wood
  • Asian Art

    Asian Art
    White and Red Plum Blossoms
    Ogata Korin
    c. 1710-1716 C.E.
    Ink, watercolor, and gold leaf on paper
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Ndop (portrait figure) of King Mishe miShyaang maMbul
    Kuba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 1760-1780 C.E.
    Wood
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Bundu mask
    Sande Society, Mende peoples (West African forests of Sierra Leone and Liberia)
    19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, cloth, and fiber
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Aka elephant mask
    Bamileke (Cameroon, western grassfields region)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, woven raffia, cloth, and beads
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Lukasa (memory board)
    Mbudye Society, Luba peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, beads, and metal
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Ikenga (shrine figure)
    Igbo peoples (Nigeria)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Reliquary figure (byeri)
    Fang peoples (southern Cameroon)
    c. 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Navigation chart
    Marshall Islands, Micronesia
    19th to early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and fiber
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Buk (mask)
    Mid to late 19th Century
    Torres Strait (islander People)
    Maubiag Island
    25 in
    Turtle shell, wood, fiber, feathers, and shell
  • Asian Art

    Asian Art
    Under the Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), also known as the Great Wave, from the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji
    Katsushika Hokusai
    1830-1833 C.E.
    Polychrome woodblock print; ink and color on paper
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Hiapo (tapa)
    Niue
    c. 1850-1900 C.E.
    Tapa or bark cloth, freehand painting
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Female (Pwo) mask
    Chokwe peoples (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
    Late 19th to 20th century C.E.
    Wood, fiber, pigment, and metal
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Tamati Waka Nene
    Gottfried Lindauer
    Maori (Nga-ti-toa tribe)
    Auckland National Art Gallery
    1890 C.E.
    Oil on canvas
    40.1’’ x 33.1’’
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Portrait mask (Mblo)
    Baule peoples (Côte d’Ivoire)
    Early 20th century C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Malagan display and mask
    New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea
    c. 20th century C.E.
    Wood, pigment, fiber, and shell
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Veranda post of enthroned king and senior wife (Opo Ogoga)
    Olowe of Ise (Yoruba peoples)
    c. 1910-1914 C.E.
    Wood and pigment
  • African/Pacific Art

    African/Pacific Art
    Presentation of Fijian mats and tapa cloths to Queen Elizabeth II
    Fiji, Polynesia. 1953 C.E.
    Multimedia performance (costume; cosmetics, including scent; chant; movement; and pandanus fiber/hibiscus fiber mats), photographic documentation