Aboriginal Issues Timeline

By gavinc
  • The Royal Proclomation

    The Royal Proclomation
    royal proclomation Prevented any further settlement across North America until treaties had been negotiated with aboriginal peoples, and it recognized that aboriginals were organized nations on their own lands.This law is the basis for many modern aboriginal land claims, cause in several provinces like BC, treaties were never signed.
  • Reserve System

    Reserve System
    reserve system Aboriginals were pushed onto reserves because they were seen as blocking future settlement of British North America. Federal gov passed legislation which granted the government control and management of the lands of Canadian INdians.
  • The Indian Act

    The Indian Act
    Indian actThe Indian Act was the Canadians governments official way of encouraging aboriginal peoples to give up their own culture and traditions, thereby assimilating them into mainstream culture of Canada. Provided schools, medical care, hunting/fishing rights, annual treaty payments to aboriginals across country. Disadvantages: residential schools, no voting rights, denied the right to take up land as others could.
  • Right to Vote

    Right to Vote
    votingFinally given right to vote in federal elections in Canaada.
  • Founding of National Indian Brotherhood/Native Council of Canada

    Founding of National Indian Brotherhood/Native Council of Canada
    aboriginal operationsThese two organizations were made to represent status Indians, and Non status indians/metis. They had a negative reaction to the white paper that was made in 1969.
  • White Paper

    White Paper
    white paperBecause of the poor traits of unemployment, ill health, and poverty , Trudeau and Jean Chretien wanted to make changes. THe white paper proposed the abolition of reserves ans special status. Premise was that equality was necassary for a solution to the problems of Indians, and special status was the main cause for those problems. indians rejected it, thought it was cultural genocide.
  • Residential School System abolished

    Residential School System abolished
    closing residential schoolsSchools officially given over to Department of INdian Affairs. Catholic church opposed governments choice to phase out schools, tghought it was better for the children to go to their schools. However not all closed, almost all were closed in 1986, last one closed in 1996.
  • Self governemnt

    by 1975, the declaration of the first Nations was adopted, including the rights of nationhood and self-governemnt. In addition, the constitution of 1982 guaranteed these rights would be recognized.
  • french referendum

    Rene Levesque calls for French sovereignity with a referendum. He wanted the partnership between canada to include free trade, common currency, common tarrifs agianst imported goods. In the end the french voted 40% to seperate from Canada. TRudeau promised to recognize french as a distinct society in Canada.
  • constitution

    Trudeau wanted to patriate the constitution so that Canada has the sole authority to make changes to it. He wanted to incllude the charter of rights and freedoms in this amending formula. Western Provinces saw it as a way for them to get more say in national matters., quebec pushed for more power. Trudea Jean Chretien and justice ministers from Saskatchewan/ontario write the "kitchen accord", other premiers are woken up across the street to sign it.
  • Assembly of First Nations

    Established to represent aboriginals in their dealings with fed gov.The assembly was responsible for pushing for legal recognition of aboriginal rights. As a result, were entrenched in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
  • constitution act of 1982

    constitution official with queens consent, but quebec didnt agree to it. Flags flew at half mast, Levesque paraded through the streets.
  • Bill C-31

    Gave aboriginal band councils the right to decide who could live on reserves.
  • 1987 free trade agreement

    Mulroney and Reagan create a deal that eliminated tariffs between Canada and the US. Had skepticism because US businesses could overpower Canada with cheaper better goods.
  • Multiculturalism act

    Provided legal framework for existing multicultural policies in Canada.Aimed to reinforce racial and cultural equality with legal authority.
  • Oka Standoff

    Oka Standoff
    okaMunicipality of Oka, QBC, opposed the extention of a golf course that would go on their claimed land. They set up blockades that led to confrontations between police and MOhawk Warriors, One cop killed. Army was called in and a tense stand off occured, eventually fed gov bought the land and negotiated its transfer to Kanesatake First Nation
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Was opposed by Elijah Harper, aboriginal leader from Manitoba. He believed that Aboriginal peoples deserved special status alongside Quebec.
  • Gustafsen Lake

    Another protest after Oka Standoff. Aboriginal people in BC re occupied and claimed this land as they thought it was sacred ground.
  • Phil Fontaine

    Phil Fontaine (grand chief of the assembly of Manitoba chiefs) and others come out about the sexual and physical abuse they suffered in residential schools.
  • Charlottetown accord

    The Charlottetown Accord of 1992 was a failed, joint attempt by the government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers to amend the Canadian Constitution, specifically to obtain Quebec's consent to the Constitution Act of 1982. The Accord would have also decentralized many federal powers to the provinces, and it was ultimately rejected by Canadian voters in a referendum
  • Ipperwash, Ontario Land Claim

    ipperwashAboriginal people occupied land on a former army base which was taken during WWII but never returned. (comprehensive)
  • the nisga'a treaty

    NIsga'a people signed a treaty with BC and federal gov. Given wide powers of self-government related to issues of culture, language, and family life. Given ownership of 1,922 square kilometres of land, with hunting rights, and 190 million dollars.
  • statement of reconciliation

    a statement by Honourable Jane Stewart, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, on the occasion of the unveiling of Gathering Strength — Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan. "n renewing our partnership, we must ensure that the mistakes which marked our past relationship are not repeated. The Government of Canada recognizes that policies that sought to assimilate Aboriginal people, women and men, were not the way to build a strong country"
  • Creation of Nunavut

    Aboriginals given th right to self govern over natural resources, education, and justice systems. there are no political parties, people run as individuals then vote for who should lead government. gave inuit 2 million square kilometres of land
  • Harper Apology