Aboriginal 01


  • Jan 1, 1111

    120,000 years ago to 30,700 years ago

    120,000 years ago  to 30,700 years ago
    Land was being cleared by use of fire in the Lake George Basin area, NSW
    Underground oven shows continuity, Lake Mungo, NSW
  • Jan 2, 1111

    30,000 years ago to 22,000 years ago

    30,000 years ago to 22,000 years ago
    Evidence of bread making, oldest in the world, Cuddy Springs, Western NSW
    Occupation site at Wentworth Falls, NSW
  • Jan 3, 1111

    16,000 years ago to 5,000 years ago

    16,000 years ago to 5,000 years ago
    Hearths, stone and bone tools, Shaws Creek near Yarramundi, NSW
    Occupation site, Penrith Lakes, NSW
  • Jan 1, 1401


    Chinese sailors visit near Darwin, evidence of 15th Century Ming statuette found
  • 1770

    Captain James Cook claims to take possession of the whole east coast of Australia
  • 1788

    Captain Phillip raises the Union Jack at Sydney Cove. Aboriginal resistance flares within a few days of arrival of the tall ships. Two convicts are killed at Rushcutters Bay, NSW
  • 1789 to 1796

    1789 to 1796
    Small pox epidemic decimate the Eora people around Sydney 1796
    Pemulwuy, the first guerrilla fighter leads the Darug in the first organised 12-year long Aboriginal resistance to the invasion. After being shot seriously twice, and surviving both times, he is considered unable to be killed by bullets
  • 1803 to 1804

    1803 to 1804
    Tasmanian settlement 1804
    Three Hawkesbury Aboriginals negotiate with Governor King to retain some places on the lower part of the river saying they would not trouble the white man. Told King they objected to ever increasing settlement along the river. King agreed
  • 1813 to 1830

    1813 to 1830
    Bennelong dies 1815
    Governor Macquarie founds the Native Institute as a school for Aboriginal children of both sexes 1822
    Windradyne leads Wiradjuri Resistance that will last for two years along the Murray River 1830
    The Black Line, a major military offensive against Tasmanian Aborigines
  • 1831 to 1833

    1831 to 1833
    Yagan leads Nyungar Resistance in Western Australia for three years 1832
    Bungaree dies 1833
    Yagan is killed. His head is cut off and pickled. It is then sent to England as a Museum curiosity
  • 1836 to 1853

    1836 to 1853
    Thousands of Kooris are killed by Europeans throughout Victoria
  • 1838

    June: Myall Creek Massacre, NSW, with many Kwiambal people killed by Europeans
  • 1868 TO 1878

    1868 TO 1878
    The first Australian Cricket Team to tour overseas leaves Australia for England; the team is all Aboriginal 1868
    150 Aboriginal people are killed resisting arrest in the Kimberley's 1878
    Truganini dies; against her wishes the Tasmanian Museum displays her bones. 100 years later, her bones are cremated and scattered onto the water
  • 1888

    The phrase 'White Australia Policy' appears in William Lane's Boomerang in Brisbane 1888
    Aboriginal population reduced Australia wide to an estimated 80,000, reduced by 220,000 1888
    almost three quarters of the pre-European population of 300,000 (Compare this number to the toll of 27,000 Australian combatants killed and 23,500 wounded in World War 2)
  • 1906 TO 1929

    1906 TO 1929
    The invalid and Old Age Pensioner Act provides social security for some but not for Aboriginal people. 1909
    First Aboriginal person to play First Grade Rugby League was George Green playing for Eastern Suburbs 1914
    Beginning of WWI. Approximately 400 to 500 Aboriginal continue to be removed from their families during the period 1914 to 1918, including children whose fathers are overseas at War. 1929
    Lynch Cooper was named World Professional Sprinter Champion
  • 1931 to 1939

    1931 to 1939
    Eddie Gilbert bowled the great Donald Bradman for duck, in the fastest bowling spell Bradman said he ever faced 1932
    William Ferguson forms the Aboriginal Progressive Association 1937
    A Federal Conference in Canberra endorses a new assimilation policy 1938
    Day of Mourning Conference and Protest 1939
    Beginning of WWII. An estimated 3000 Aboriginal people and Islanders serve as formally enlisted soldiers, sailors or airmen. Aboriginal children continue to be removed from their fami
  • 1948 to 1968

    1948 to 1968
    Under the Commonwealth and Citizen Act 1948 (No. 83) all Aboriginals are now British subjects and Australian citizens 1948
    Melbourne's first Moomba festival staged. Aboriginals at Cormanderk approached about naming the festival. They suggest "Moomba", telling the officials it means "Lets Get Together and have Fun!" Actually meaning "up your bum" the name was adopted and used to this day 1962
    Commonwealth Electoral Act is amended so that all Aboriginal people may vote 1966
    Charles Per
  • 1971 to 1978

    1971 to 1978
    Evonne Goolagong wins Wimbledon Women's Singles title 1975
    Racial Discrimination Act is passed in the Federal Parliament. The Australian Senate unanimously endorses a resolution put up by Senator Neville Bonner acknowledging prior ownership of this country and seeking compensation for their dispossesion 1976
    Pat O'Shane graduates from UNSW, becoming the first Aboriginal person to be admitted to the Bar 1978
    Health statistics show that 48 in every 1000 Aboriginal babies in NT die befo
  • 1982 to 1988

    1982 to 1988
    Mark Ella named Australian of the Year 1982
    Eddie Mabo commences proceedings in the High Court of Australia 1984
    End of various "protection acts", which had existed since 1897 in Queensland. Under these laws Aboriginal people were effectively slave labourers; the wages for their labour were stolen by the State or never even claimed by the State from the employers. The issue of reparation is still unresolved. 1988
    Tens of thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander people march
  • 1992 to 1999

    1992 to 1999
    The High Court of Australia rules in the Mabo case, recognising the special relationship that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have with the land 1999
    Opening of Muru Mittigar.
  • 2000

    People's walk for Reconciliation over Sydney Harbour Bridge 2000
    Cathy Freeman wins Gold at the Sydney Olympics
  • 2008

    Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd offered a broad apology to all Aborigines and the Stolen Generations.