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Aboriginal Issues

  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proclamation was a remrkable document for its time. It prevented any futher settlement across North America until treaties had been negotiated with aboriginal people.
  • 1830 Reserve System

    1830 Reserve System
    Aboriginals were pushed onto reserves, as they were seen as blocking future British North American settlement. Living conditions were alot poorer than the rest of Canada, life expectancy was lower, and there were higher rates of suicide. This was a strong effort to assimilate Aboriginals into mainstream Canadian culture.
  • 1876 Indian Act

    1876 Indian Act
    The Indaisn Act was the Canadian governments offical way of encouraging aboriginal peoples to give up their culture and languarge. The Indian Act provided schools, medical care, hunting and fishing rights and annual treaty payments to Aboriginals across Canada. Although it denied them the rights to take up land as others could, and denied rights to vote in Provincial Elections.
  • Aboriginal Rights to Universal Sufferage

    Aboriginal Rights to Universal Sufferage
    In 1960 Aboriginal people were finally given the right to vote in federal elections in Canada.
  • 1968 National Indian Brotherhood & Native Council of Canada Formed

    1968 National Indian Brotherhood & Native Council of Canada Formed
    NIB was formed to represent Status Indians, protect their rights and their land claims.
  • 1969 White Paper

    1969 White Paper
    White Paper was an official statement policy, poposing abolition of reserves and an end to special status for treaty indians. Wanted Natives to seek jobs in the city. Natives saw this as genocide of first nations people.
    Comes back with Red Paper, expressing their want for self government
    withdrawl of White Paper 1971
  • 1969 Residental School System Abolish but not all closed

    1969 Residental School System Abolish but not all closed
    Residental Schools in where Indian children attended school. They were taken from their homes and forced to abandon their own language and culture.
  • 1980's Movement Toward Self Government

    1980's Movement Toward Self Government
    In the 1980's Aboriginal peoples start to express their voice on self-governance. The Constiution Act of 1982 guaranteed that the existing rights of aboriginal people would be recognized and affirmed. Their rights would include the right to self govern (making descisions) beliefs and culture, tradition, land and resources.
    The Nisga's Treaty, steps in Manitoba, and the creation of the territory of Nunavut are all examples of aboriginal self-government in action.
  • Assembly Of The First Nations

    Assembly Of The First Nations
    NIB was renamed this in 1980. They demanded better conditions for aborginal peoples in Canada.
  • 1985 Passing Of BIll C-31

    1985 Passing Of BIll C-31
    It proposed modifications to the Indian Act. Aming to address gender discrimmination, to restore Indian status to those who had been forcibly enfranchised due to previous discriminatory provisions, and allow bands to control their own band membership.
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Meech Lake Accord
    In 1987 Prime Misiter and 10 Premiers met at Meech Lake to change the Constition to include Quebec. This was an attempt to create Constitutional Harmony. Aboriginal people did not feel that Quebec should have any special treattement. Aboriginal leader refused to sign the Accord.
  • Oka Stand Off

    Oka Stand Off
    Tensions between Aboriginal and non-Aborignal arise. Officals decided to extend a golf course, which Mohawks believed belonged to them. Standoff forms between Canadian Army and Mohawlk Warriors.
  • Gustafasen Lake BC

    In Bc, aboriginal peoples reoccupied land they claimed was scarced ground
  • Ipperwash Ontario

    Ipperwash Ontario
    This crisis occured when people occupied land former army base, taken during World War 2.
  • Nisga's Treaty 1992-1998

    Nisga's Treaty 1992-1998
    The Nisgas's signed a unique treaty with both the provincial and federal governments. They were given wide powers of self-government over issue's of culture, language, family life, given ownership to 1,922 square kilometers and $190 million dollars.
    Nisga take their lan claims to court, court case called Delgamuukw case. They are offered entitlements to very small portion of land, ownersip of forests, and partial profits from salmon fisheries and hydrodevelopment; as well as 196 million.
  • 1998 Delgamuluukw Case

    The Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en take thei land claim to court, the case was called Delgamuluukw. The case resulted (activiley affected) in the Nisga Treaty.
  • Statement Of Reconciliation Issued In 1998

    The Federal Government issued the official Statement of Reconcliation to the aboriginal peoples in Canada. The Canadian Government recognized that policies which sought to assimilate aborginial peoples werenot conducive to building a strong country.
  • 1999 Creation Of Nunavut

    1999 Creation Of Nunavut
    In this new territory in Canada, Aboriginal peoples were given the right to self-govern. This self-governance was allowed over natural resources, education and jusitce systems.
    People ran for elections as individuals, and then the elected members vote for the member who they want to lead the government.
  • Land Claims

    Specific Land Claims: were based on existing treaties Comprehensive Land Claims: were based on traditional use and occupancy (claiming the land belonged to them, all though no paper proof)