Aboriginal mural

Aboriginal History Timeline 10.6

By MikeeC
  • Stolen Generations - Victoria

    Victorian Board for the Protection of Aborigines is established. The Governor can order the removal of any child to a reformatory or industrial school. The Protection Board can remove children from station families to be housed in dormitories.
  • Stolen Gneerations - Queensland

    The Aboriginal Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act Queensland allows the ‘Chief Protector’ to remove local Aboriginal people onto and between reserves and hold children in dormitories. From 1939 until 1971 this power is held by the Director of Native Welfare; the Director is the legal guardian of all Aboriginal children, whether or not their parents are living.
  • Stolen Generation - Western Australia

    The Western Australia Aborigines Act is passed. Under this law, the Chief Protector is made the legal guardian of every Aboriginal and ‘half-caste’ child under 16 years old. Reserves are established, a local protector is appointed and rules governing Aboriginal employment are laid down.
  • Stolen Generations - South Australia

    The South Australian Aborigines Act makes the Chief Protector the legal guardian of every Aboriginal and ‘half-caste’ child under 21 years old. The Chief Protector also has control of where the child lives.
  • Federal government passes the Northern Territory Aboriginals Ordinance

    Federal government passes the Northern Territory Aboriginals Ordinance. The Chief Protector is made the legal guardian of every Aboriginal and ‘half-caste’ child under 18 years old. Any Aboriginal person can be forced onto a mission or settlement, and children can be removed by force.
  • Stolen Generations - New South Wales

    The NSW Aborigines Protection Board is given powers to remove Aboriginal children without a court hearing.
  • Stolen Generation - New South Wales (REPEALED)

    The power is repealed in 1940, when the Board is renamed the Aborigines Welfare Board
  • Assimilation

    In 1951, the British introduced a new policy called 'Assimilation' that was used to make the Aboriginals change their way of life to one like the whites. But, this attempt did NOT work as the Aboriginals did not want to live like the whites and the whites did not want the Aboriginals to be part of their society.
  • Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines

    Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines is established. The title is changed in 1964 to Federal Council for the Advancement of Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
  • Dictation Test Changed to Migration Act

    The revised Migration Act 1958 introduced a simpler system of entry permits and abolished the controversial dictation test. The dropping of the Dictation Test was the start of the end of the idea of a White Australia.
  • Dictation Test Changed to Migration Act

    The revised Migration Act 1958 introduced a simpler system of entry permits and abolished the controversial dictation test. The dropping of the Dictation Test was the start of the end of the idea of a White Australia.
  • The Western Australian Department of Native Affairs ceases forcefully taking Aboriginal children

    The Western Australian Department of Native Affairs ceases forcefully taking Aboriginal children from their parents and sending them to missions. Also, Aboriginal people become eligible for social service benefits.
  • Stolen Generations - South Australia (REPEALED)

    The Chief Protector is replaced by the Aborigines Protection Board in 1939 and guardianship power is repealed in 1962.
  • Stolen Generations - South Australia (REPEALED)

    The Chief Protector is replaced by the Aborigines Protection Board in 1939 and guardianship power is repealed in 1962.
  • Gurinfji people obtaining the title to their Land

    The Gurindji people walk off Wave Hill and Newcastle Waters cattle stations, beginning the successful seven-year struggle to obtain title to their land. This is later seen by Indigenous Australians elsewhere as the birth of the land rights movement.
  • Referendum

    On the 27th of May 1967, Australia held a referendum that changed the way Aboriginals were looked upon forever. This referendum was to decide whether Aboriginals should be counted as humans and not flora/fauna when the Census was conducted. To this day, this referendum has been the only one that has been secussefully passed on via the Australian public. An overwhelming 90.77% of the population voted 'Yes' in the Referendum.
  • Mabo

    Torres Strait Islander Eddie Koiki Mabo, who is at the time working as a gardener at James Cook University in Townsville, finds out he does not own the land back on Murray Island where he grew up.
  • Aboriginal Land Rights Act (Northern Territory)

    Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act (Cwlth). This Act establishes Land Trusts, Land Councils, Aboriginal Land Commission in the Northern Territory and provided for the leasing of Aboriginal lands as national parks . It also provides for Indigenous people to make claims on reserve and vacant Crown lands to which traditional attachment can be proven.
  • Land Rights Act (NSW)

    Aboriginal Land Rights Act (NSW) establishes a three-tiered system of Aboriginal land councils (state, regional and local).
  • Mabo

    The High Court rejects the notion of terra nullius and recognises the Meriam people as the native title holders of traditional lands on Murray Island. The ruling finds that native title exists separate from Crown claims to the land, as long as a connection to the land for people claiming native title remains. It is hailed as a momentous victory by the Indigenous rights movement, but within the mining and pastoral sectors unease grows over the implications of the ruling.